ⓘ Category:Endemic fauna of Madagascar

Endemic birds of Madagascar and western Indian Ocean islands

This article is one of a series providing information about endemism among birds in the worlds various zoogeographic zones. For an overview of this subject see Endemism in birds.

Acraea mahela

Acraea mahela is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found on Madagascar. The habitat consists of transformed grasslands and anthropogenic environments.

Acraea zitja

Acraea zitja is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found on Madagascar. The habitat consists of forest margins, grassland and anthropogenic environments.


Astacoides is a genus of freshwater crayfish endemic to Madagascar. The first specimens were brought to Europe in 1839, and seven species are now recognised, most of which are considered as threatened on the IUCN Red List. They are large and slow-growing, and are threatened by habitat loss, overexploitation by local people and by spread of introduced non-indigenous marbled crayfish. They are only found in a relatively small part of the island, mostly in undisturbed upland areas. They belong to the Gondwana-distributed family Parastacidae, but their nearest relatives live in Australasia, th ...

Augusta glyphica

Augusta glyphica is the only species in the monotypic spider genus Augusta, which is endemic to Madagascar. The genus name is taken from the Latin word augusta, the feminine form of augustus, meaning "venerable".

Barbours day gecko

Barbours day gecko is a species of lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is endemic to central Madagascar. It is diurnal and typically dwells on rocks. Barbours day gecko feeds on insects and nectar. For the species from Tanzania, see Barbours gecko


ⓘ Endemic fauna of Madagascar

  • for the high number of endemic species, but for endemism in higher - level taxonomic groupings too. Two orders are endemic to Madagascar or the wider region:
  • The fauna of Madagascar is a part of the wildlife of Madagascar Madagascar has been an isolated island for about 70 million years, breaking away from
  • subspecies of the large - eared free - tailed bat, but was later considered to be a distinct, endemic Malagasy species. The Madagascar free - tailed bat is endemic to
  • evolution of a large proportion of endemic animal species and the absence of many taxa found on neighboring continents. Some of Madagascar s animals appear
  • The Madagascan pochard or Madagascar pochard Aythya innotata Malagasy: Fotsy maso, Onjo is an extremely rare diving duck of the genus Aythya. Thought
  • evaluated. All of the critically endangered species are lemurs. The mammalian fauna of Madagascar is highly distinctive and largely endemic The extant nonmarine
  • is a species of bat in the family Myzopodidae endemic to Madagascar especially in the eastern part of the forests. The genus was thought to be monospecific
  • Hellinsia conyzae is a moth of the family Pterophoridae that is endemic to the Madagascar The larvae feed on Conyza lineariloba. De Prins, J. De Prins
  • The population of amphibians of Madagascar is made up exclusively of frogs. There are 311 named species of frogs on Madagascar but several hundred have
  • poor diversity, and emergence of endemic taxa in Africa. Madagascar separated from continental Africa during the break - up of Gondwanaland early in the Cretaceous

Strabena tsaratananae

Strabena tsaratananae is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found on Madagascar, where it is known from the Sambirano River area. The habitat consists of forests.