ⓘ AB5 toxin

                                     

ⓘ AB5 toxin

The AB 5 toxins are six-component protein complexes secreted by certain pathogenic bacteria known to cause human diseases such as cholera, dysentery, and hemolytic–uremic syndrome. One component is known as the A subunit, and the remaining five components are B subunits. All of these toxins share a similar structure and mechanism for entering targeted host cells. The B subunit is responsible for binding to receptors to open up a pathway for the A subunit to enter the cell. The A subunit is then able to use its catalytic machinery to take over the host cells regular functions.

                                     
  • another example of an AB toxin that targets the eukaryotic elongation factor 2. The AB5 toxins are usually considered a type of AB toxin characterized by
  • AB5 may refer to: AB5 toxin Abelian category Analogue Bubblebath 5 an unreleased album by Electronica artist Richard David James AB5 - type rare earth
  • Cholera toxin also known as choleragen and sometimes abbreviated to CTX, Ctx or CT is AB5 multimeric protein complex secreted by the bacterium Vibrio
  • during therapy. The toxin has two subunits - designated A mol. wt. 32000 D and B mol. wt. 7700 D - and is one of the AB5 toxins The B subunit is a pentamer
  • Pertussis toxin PT is a protein - based AB5 - type exotoxin produced by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, which causes whooping cough. PT is involved
  • A toxin is a poisonous substance produced within living cells or organisms synthetic toxicants created by artificial processes are thus excluded. The
  • Botulinum toxin Botox is a neurotoxic protein produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum and related species. It prevents the release of the neurotransmitter
  • Diphtheria toxin is an exotoxin secreted by Corynebacterium, the pathogenic bacterium that causes diphtheria. The toxin gene is encoded by a prophage a
  • 1.C.3 α - Hemolysin αHL family 1.C.4 Aerolysin family 1.C. 5 ε - toxin family 1.C.11 RTX - toxin superfamily 1.C.12 Membrane attack complex perforin superfamily
  • Anthrax toxin is a three - protein exotoxin secreted by virulent strains of the bacterium, Bacillus anthracis - the causative agent of anthrax. The toxin was
  • Clostridium difficile toxin B is a toxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium difficile. C. difficile produces two major kinds of toxins that are very potent