ⓘ Czechoslovak Television


ⓘ Czechoslovak Television

Czechoslovak Television was founded on 1 May 1953 in Czechoslovakia. It was known by three names over its lifetime: Czech: Československa televize, Slovak: Československa televizia, Česko-slovenska televizia.


1. History

ČST started life as a single programme, airing for a short amount of time each day. The first public broadcasting was a short performance by Frantisek Filipovsky on 1 May 1953. On 11 February 1955, the first live broadcast was made, an ice hockey match from Prague.

Like all other media in the Communist Czechoslovakia, the station was subject to heavy censorship. However, as part of the process of social liberation in 1968, for a few days ČST aired broadcasts about the Prague Spring. However, in 1969, it became part of the normalisation efforts on the national media.


1.1. History Move to colour

Further technical improvements were made on 9 May 1973, when the first regular broadcasts in colour started on TV2, followed two years later by colour transmission on the first channel as well.

At the end of the decade, in 1979, a building and a studio based in Pragues Kavci hory was opened, which became the home of ČSTs news department.


1.2. History Division of ČST TV2

After November 1989, lineup changes were made, with the first program being renamed F1 for the federal district, and the second program being split into the Czech ČTV and the Slovak S1, the first such division of channels by ČST. A third channel for Czech audiences, previously used by Soviet broadcasting was launched on 14 May 1990, called OK3 Czech: Oteveeny kanal tei, English: Open Channel three. A replacement channel for Slovak audiences called TA3 was created on 6 June 1991 broadcasting from August 1991 until July 1992.


1.3. History Velvet Revolution

During the Velvet Revolution, ČST staff very quickly joined the side of the protesters and allowed them to spread important messages and broadcasts of the demonstrations.


2. Velvet divorce ends Czechoslovak Television

ČST disappeared along with Czechoslovakia on 31 December 1992. Its successor in the Czech Republic is Czech television, and in Slovakia Slovenska televizia.

Around its dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the end of 1992, ČST was abolished, and the new companies, public service broadcasters, emerged:

  • Slovak Television, Slovenska televizia STV.
  • Czech Television, Česka televize ČT

3. Directors of ČST

  • 1953 – 1958 Karel Kohout
  • 1963 – 1968 Jiei Pelikan
  • 1968 Bohumil Svec
  • 1959 – 1963 Adolf Hradecky
  • 1969 – 1989 Jan Zelenka
  • 1990 Jindeich Fairaizl
  • 1990 – 1992 Jiei Kanturek
  • 1989 – 1990 Miroslav Pavel
  • 1958 – 1959 Milan Krejci
  • 1968 – 1969 Josef Smidmajer
  • 1989 Libor Batrla