ⓘ Streptococcal pharyngitis
Streptococcal pharyngitis, also known as strep throat, is an infection of the back of the throat including the tonsils caused by group A streptococcus. Common symptoms include fever, sore throat, red tonsils, and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck. A headache, and nausea or vomiting may also occur. Some develop a sandpaper-like rash which is known as scarlet fever. Symptoms typically begin one to three days after exposure and last seven to ten days.
Tonsillitis is transmitted by respiratory droplets from an infected person. It can be transmitted directly or after touching something that has droplets and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes. Some people can carry the bacteria without symptoms. It can also be spread through the skin infected by group a strep. The diagnosis is made based on the results of the rapid test for antigen detection or culture from the throat of someone who has symptoms.
Prevention is to wash hands and not use the same dishes. There is no vaccine against this disease. Treatment with antibiotics is recommended only in those with confirmed diagnosis. Infected people should stay away from other people for at least 24 hours after the start of treatment. Pain can be treated with paracetamol acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen.
Strep throat is a common bacterial infection in children. This is the cause of 15 to 40% of sore throats among children and 5-15% in adults. Happens more often in late winter and early spring. Potential complications include rheumatic fever and peritonsillar abscess.
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- Bingen, E Jun 2013 Rapid - antigen detection tests for group a streptococcal pharyngitis revisiting false - positive results using polymerase chain reaction
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