ⓘ Kha (Cyrillic)


ⓘ Kha (Cyrillic)

Kha or Ha is a letter of the Cyrillic script. It looks the same as the Latin letter X, in both uppercase and lowercase, both roman and italic forms, and was derived from the Greek letter Chi, which also bears a resemblance to both the Latin X and Kha.

It commonly represents the voiceless velar fricative /x, similar to the pronunciation of ⟨ch⟩ in" lo ch ”.

Kha is romanised as ⟨kh⟩ for Russian, Ukrainian, Kazakh and Tajik, and as ⟨ch⟩ for Belarusian, while being romanised as ⟨h⟩ for Serbian, Bulgarian, and Macedonian.


1. History

The Cyrillic letter Kha was derived from the Greek letter Chi Χ χ.

The name of Kha in the Early Cyrillic alphabet was хѣръ xerŭ.

In the Cyrillic numeral system, Kha had a value of 600.


2. Usage


Kha is the twenty-third if Yo is included letter of the Russian alphabet. It represents the consonant /x/ unless it is before a palatalizing vowel when it represents /xʲ/.


Kha represents the voiceless uvular fricative /χ/ in Ossetian. The digraph ⟨хъ⟩ represents the voiceless uvular plosive /q/.


Kha is also an alternative transliteration of the letter خ Ḫā in the Arabic alphabet. This was used in Belarusian Arabic script, corresponding to the above Cyrillic letter.