ⓘ Zhukovsky International Airport

                                     

ⓘ Zhukovsky International Airport

Zhukovsky International Airport, formerly known as Ramenskoye Airport or Zhukovsky Airfield is an international airport, located in Moscow Oblast, Russia 36 km southeast of central Moscow, in the town of Zhukovsky, a few kilometers southeast of the old Bykovo Airport.

                                     

1. History

The airfield assigned to the newly established in 1941 Flight Research Institute has served as a major USSR aircraft testing establishment, with most of the major Russian OKBs having facilities there. This airfield was used as a test site for the Soviet Buran Spacecraft. It was also used by the Ministry of Emergency Situations and cargo carriers. Until June 2006, jet fighters flights for the public and international customers were available at the Gromov Flight Research Institute airfield.

On March 29, 2011, then Russian prime minister Vladimir Putin proposed moving all charter and low-cost flights to Ramenskoye Airport as it was then called to relieve Moscows Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo, and Vnukovo airports and reduce the cost of tickets. A new terminal was constructed and the airport scheduled to be opened on 16 March 2016, but was later postponed to unspecified date due to lack of interest and airport certification issues. The airport was eventually opened on 30 May 2016. The opening ceremony was attended by Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.

The Joint Venture "Ramport Aero" running the airport is formed by Lithuanias Avia Solutions Group 75% and Russia state corporation Rostec 25%, who aimed to expand the airport in three stages. While the opening of the new airport was delayed and aircraft limit to Ramenskoye is implemented, Air France-KLM noted it tends to use Ramenskoye as a diversion airport to Sheremetyevo in case of emergency.

The airport was originally named the same as the airfield after the nearby city of Ramenskoye. However, in 2016 it was officially re-named after the city of Zhukovsky, in which it is geographically situated. The opening ceremony of the airport was held on 30 May 2016 and the first commercial passenger flights were expected to begin on 20 June 2016.

The airfield is also publicly well-known as a place of the biennial MAKS Airshow. The airport uses the Gromov Flight Research Institute worlds second longest public-use runway, at 5.402 m 17.723 ft. There is a second and shorter runway of length 2.950 m 9.680 ft, but it is temporarily closed.

                                     

2. Airport establishment

According to the project of development of the international airport, in the period up to 2019, it is planned to build two passenger terminals with a capacity of 2 million and 5 million passengers per year, a hotel with 250 rooms, office buildings, open parking for 1.240 parking spaces and covered parking, with a capacity of up to 7.426 cars, as well as the station for aeroexpress. The first phase of the new airport in 2016 will have to serve 1.7 million people, and by 2020 the project assumes an increase in passenger traffic to 10.8 million.

In 2015, the construction of the first passenger terminal with an area of 17.6 thousand square meters was carried out. and adaptation of the current infrastructure of the Ramenskoye airfield for civil aviation purposes. The annual capacity of the first terminal will reach two million passengers a year. Investments in the project to launch the first stage of the airport amount to more than 1.5 billion rubles $27 million.

In total, over 13 years, approximately 13 billion rubles will be invested in the airport and over 240 thousand square meters of airport infrastructure will be built. At the second and third stages, it is planned to significantly expand the first one and build the second passenger terminal of Zhukovsky airport. After completion of all stages of development, the total area of the terminals will be 60 thousand square meters. m., and their capacity will increase to 12 million passengers a year.

However, there are other estimates: due to the fact that the airspace Zhukovsky airport intersects with the zone Domodedovo airport, passenger traffic will be 12 times more modest.

The development of the project includes a significant improvement in transport infrastructure in the area. However, residents of the city of Zhukovsky fear that the development of the airport will lead to a worsening of the transport situation due to an increase in automobile traffic within the city, as well as a decrease in the comfort of living of residents due to the noise of airplanes when the airport operates around the clock.

In October 2018, Avia Solutions Group ASG, sold its share of the airport management company to the management of Ramport Aero

                                     

3. Accidents and incidents

  • On 15 August 2019, Ural Airlines Flight U6-178, an Airbus A321 registered VQ-BOZ, from Zhukovsky International Airport to Simferopol carrying 226 passengers and 7 crew suffered a bird strike shortly after takeoff and made an emergency landing in a cornfield less than 3 nautical miles 5.6 km; 3.5 mi from the runway. with its landing gear up. 23 people were hospitalized.