ⓘ Johnny Got His Gun (film)


ⓘ Johnny Got His Gun (film)

Johnny Got His Gun is a 1971 American drama anti-war film written and directed by Dalton Trumbo based on his novel of the same name, and starring Timothy Bottoms, Kathy Fields, Marsha Hunt, Jason Robards, Donald Sutherland and Diane Varsi. It was based on the novel of the same title by Trumbo, and features an uncredited writing collaboration by Luis Buñuel. The film was released on DVD in the U.S on April 28, 2009 via Shout! Factory, with special features.

Although Johnny Got His Gun was a minor success at the time of its release, it was largely forgotten soon after by mass audiences. The film became far better known when it was incorporated in the video of Metallicas song "One", whose popularity subsequently turned Johnny Got His Gun into a cult film. Eventually, the members of Metallica bought the rights to the film in order to keep showing the music video without having to pay additional royalty fees.


1. Plot

Joe Bonham Bottoms, a young American soldier hit by an artillery shell during World War I, lies in a hospital bed. He is a quadruple amputee who has also lost his eyes, ears, mouth and nose. He remains conscious and able to reason, but his wounds render him a prisoner in his own body. As he drifts between reality and fantasy, he remembers his old life with his family and girlfriend Kathy Fields. He also forms a bond, of sorts, with a young nurse Diane Varsi who senses his plight.

Eventually, Joe tries to communicate to his doctors, via Morse code by tapping his head, saying "help." He wishes for the US Army to put him in a glass coffin in a freak show as a demonstration of the horrors of war. When told that his wish may be impossible to grant, he responds begging to be euthanized, repeatedly saying "kill me."

He ultimately realizes that the Army can grant neither wish, and will leave him in a state of living death. His sympathetic nurse attempts to euthanize him by clamping his breathing tube, but her supervisor stops her before Joe can succumb. Joe realizes that he will never be released from his state of entrapment and he is left alone, weakly chanting, "S.O.S. Help me."


2. Cast

  • Anthony Geary as Redhead World War I Soldier
  • David Soul as Swede World War I Soldier
  • Marsha Hunt as Joes Mother
  • Sandy Brown Wyeth as Lucky
  • Charles McGraw as Mike Burkeman
  • Timothy Bottoms as Joe Bonham
  • Diane Varsi as Nurse #4
  • Kathy Fields as Kareen
  • Don Red Barry as Jody Simmons billed as Donald Barry
  • Jason Robards as Joes Father
  • Donald Sutherland as Christ

3. Production

The film distinguishes between Joes reality and fantasy with black-and-white for the hospital, and color for his dreams and memories. His dreams are drug-induced, as when he talks to his dead father and Jesus Christ, with the color being saturated. His memories are in a clearer color, such as the fishing trip and his last night with Kareen. Joes injuries are never seen in the hospital scenes; his face is covered by a mask and his body by the hospital sheets.


4. Reception

The film was entered into the 1971 Cannes Film Festival where it won the Grand Prix Special du Jury and the FIPRESCI Prize.

Roger Ebert gave the film a full four-star grade and wrote that Trumbo has handled the material, "strange to say, in a way thats not so much anti-war as pro-life. Perhaps thats why I admire it. Instead of belaboring ironic points about the war to end war, Trumbo remains stubbornly on the human level. He lets his ideology grow out of his characters, instead of imposing it from above." Roger Greenspun of The New York Times, however, stated that much of the film was "a mess of cliched, imprecise sentimentalizing and fantasizing. On any terms that I might recognize and possibly credit, Johnny Got His Gun is a stultifyingly bad movie." Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of four. He reported that he saw it twice and found it the first time to be "as savagely effective as any antiwar film," but the second time "it didnt work at all," with the color flashback scenes "poorly acted and scripted" and the dreams "frequently much too detailed and barely illusory. In the black-and-white sequences, Trumbo is much more disciplined and effective." Charles Champlin of the Los Angeles Times wrote that the film "seems too late - a passionate anti-war sermon arriving at a time when the sermon has been done often and better, and more to the point has long since been accepted by the congregation. Paradoxically, the particular horror which Trumbo lays before us is at once so special and terrible and so manifestly symbolic, that by the end it has lost much of its power to move us. You admire the passion but cannot be sure what it achieved." Tom Shales of The Washington Post said that the film "means well," but "Trumbo is not nearly sophisticated enough as a writer, nor proficient enough as a director, to either grip or alarm us for very long. Trumbo cant decide whether to fill his movie with symbols or people, so the screenplay is usually hollow and vague and never quite true." Tom Milne of The Monthly Film Bulletin thought the film "might have worked" if Trumbo had "treated the whole fim in the black-and-white, expressionist manner of the hospital scenes," but the flashback and fantasy sequences "not only reveal influences as varied and ill-advised as Fellini and M*A*S*H, but provide Joe with a very mundane and rather lachrymose biography; the Unknown Soldier is no longer an awesome symbol when he is provided with a name, rank and serial number."

The film currently has a 67% "fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 21 reviews.


5. Legacy

In 1988, the Thrash Metal band Metallica released the song "One" and used clips from the film in the songs music video.

In the 2008 remake, actor Benjamin McKenzie performed as Joe Bonham in the "live on stage, on film" version of the 1982 Off-Broadway play based on the novel. In October 2010, a special educational DVD of the 2008 film version starring McKenzie became available free of charge to every high school library in the U.S. The educational DVD contains both a pre-screening and post-screening discussion guide for students in addition to a 15-minute featurette on the making of the film, the original movies theatrical trailer, and a history of the original novel.

In early 2009, the 1971 film made its U.S. DVD debut, produced by Shout! Factory. The DVD included the film plus a 2005 documentary Dalton Trumbo: Rebel In Hollywood, new cast interviews, an article about the film from American Cinematographer, Metallicas music video "One," behind-the-scenes footage with commentary by stars Timothy Bottoms and Jules Brenner, the 1940 radio adaptation starring James Cagney, and the original theatrical trailer. However, it contains some brief edits, because a European print was used for the video source.

A TV film of the same name was made in Czechoslovakia in 1984.

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