ⓘ Content management system


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WordPress is a free and open-source content management system written in PHP and paired with a MySQL or MariaDB database. Features include a plugin architecture and a template system, referred to within WordPress as Themes. WordPress was originally created as a blog-publishing system but has evolved to support other types of web content including more traditional mailing lists and forums, media galleries, membership sites, learning management systems and online stores. WordPress is used by more than 60 million websites, including 33.6% of the top 10 million websites as of April 2019, WordP ...


Drupal is a free and open-source web content management framework written in PHP and distributed under the GNU General Public License. Drupal provides a back-end framework for at least 2.3% of all websites worldwide – ranging from personal blogs to corporate, political, and government sites. Systems also use Drupal for knowledge management and for business collaboration. As of December 2019, the Drupal community comprised more than 1.39 million members, including 117.000 users actively contributing, resulting in more than 44.000 free modules that extend and customize Drupal functionality, ...


Joomla is a free and open-source content management system for publishing web content, developed by Open Source Matters, Inc. It is built on a model–view–controller web application framework that can be used independently of the CMS. Joomla is written in PHP, uses object-oriented programming techniques since version 1.5 and software design patterns, stores data in a MySQL, MS SQL since version 2.5, or PostgreSQL since version 3.0 database, and includes features such as page caching, RSS feeds, printable versions of pages, news flashes, blogs, search, and support for language internationali ...

Web content management system

A web content management system is a software content management system specifically for web content. It provides website authoring, collaboration, and administration tools that help users with little knowledge of web programming languages or markup languages create and manage website content. A WCMS provides the foundation for collaboration, providing users the ability to manage documents and output for multiple author editing and participation. Most systems use a content repository or a database to store page content, metadata, and other information assets the system needs. A presentatio ...


ⓘ Content management system

A content management system is a software application that can be used to manage the creation and modification of digital content. CMSs are typically used for enterprise content management and web content management. ECM typically supports multiple users in a collaborative environment by integrating document management, digital asset management and record retention. Alternatively, WCM is the collaborative authoring for websites and may include text and embed graphics, photos, video, audio, maps and program code that display content and interact with the user. ECM typically includes a WCM function.


1. Structure

A CMS typically has two major components: a content management application CMA, as the front-end user interface that allows a user, even with limited expertise, to add, modify, and remove content from a website without the intervention of a webmaster; and a content delivery application CDA, that compiles the content and updates the website.


2. Common features

The core CMS features are; indexing; search and retrieval; format management; revision control; and management.

Features may vary depending on the system application but will typically include:

  • Format management facilitates turn scanned paper documents and legacy electronic documents into HTML or PDF documents.
  • Revision features allow content to be updated and edited after initial publication. Revision control also tracks any changes made to files by individuals.
  • Intuitive indexing, search and retrieval features index all data for easy access through search functions and allow users to search by attributes such as publication dates, keywords or author.
  • Publishing functionality allows individuals to use a template or a set of templates approved by the organization, as well as wizards and other tools to create or modify content.

Popular additional features may include:

  • Minimal server requirements
  • Integrated audit logs
  • Content hierarchy with unlimited depth and size
  • SEO-friendly URLs
  • Group-based permission systems
  • Easy wizard-based install and versioning procedures
  • Admin panel with multiple language support
  • Integrated file managers
  • Full template support and customisable templates
  • Integrated and online help, including discussion boards

3. Other types of content management systems

Digital asset management systems are another type of CMS. They manage content with clearly defined author or ownership, such as documents, movies, pictures, phone numbers, and scientific data. Companies also use CMSs to store, control, revise, and publish documentation.

There are also component content management systems CCMS, which are CMSs that manage content at a modular level rather than as pages or articles. CCMSs are often used in technical communication where many publications reuse the same content.


4. Best known CMSs

Based on market share statistics, the most popular content management system is WordPress, used by more than 35.7% of all websites on the Internet, and by 62.5% of all websites using a known content management system, followed by Wix and Squarespace.