ⓘ History of Berkshire


ⓘ History of Berkshire

Historically, the English county of Berkshire has been bordered to the north by the ancient boundary of the River Thames. However, much of the border with Oxfordshire in the western part of the county was moved in 1974.

Alfred the Great was born in wantage, formerly in Berkshire but now in Oxfordshire. The great Western railway reached Didcot in 1839. Mg part of Morris motors was founded in Abingdon in 1929.

Valley of the White Horse and parts of Oxfordshire South of the Thames were previously part of Berkshire, but were lost in the County in 1974. Conversely, Slough area to the North of the Thames was historically part of Buckinghamshire, but was transferred to Berkshire in 1974.

Important historical monasteries include Abingdon Abbey and reading Abbey.

Oscar Wilde was imprisoned in Reading prison after his court case.

The County is known as the Royal County of Berkshire because of Royal residence Windsor castles inside it. Politically, the County now consists of the unitary authorities.