ⓘ Ptolemy (name)
The name Ptolemy or Ptolemaeus may refer to:
- Ptolemy I Soter c. 367 BC – 283/2 BC, a Macedonian Greek general of Alexander the Great who founded and ruled the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt
- Ptolemy Claudius Ptolemaeus c. 100 AD – c. 170, a Greek polymath, astronomer, geographer, historian, mathematician, and astrologer
Ptolemy, or Ptolemaeus, or Tolomeo Italian spelling may also refer to:
Ptolemy is the English form of the Ancient Greek name Πτολεμαῖος Ptolemaios, a derivative of πτόλεμος, an Epic form of πόλεμος war. A nephew of Antigonus I Monophthalmus was called Polemaeus, the normal form of the adjective. Ptolemaios is first attested in Homers Iliad and is the name of an Achaean warrior, son of Piraeus, father of Eurymedon.
The name Ptolemaios varied over the years from its roots in ancient Greece, appearing in different languages in various forms and spellings. The original form, and some of the variants, are listed here in the languages relevant to the history of the name.
- Coptic: ⲡⲧⲟⲗ
- English: Ptolemy
- Persian: بَطلَمیوس، پتُلِمَیوس Batlamīūs/ Ptolemaios
- Italian: Tolomeo
- Ancient Egyptian: ptwȝlmys
- Hebrew and Aramaic Talmai
- Arabic: بَطُلِيمُوس Batulīmūs
- Latin: Ptolemaeus
- German: Ptolemaus, Ptolemaios
The name Ptolemy spread from its Greek origins to enter other languages in Western Asia during the Hellenisation that followed the conquest of the known world by Alexander the Great.
The Aramaic name Bar Talmai Greek Bartolomaios and English Bartholomew may be related.
Ptolemais is formed from this name by the Greek feminine adjectival ending -ids.
2.1. People Early Greek rulers and generals named Ptolemy
- Ptolemy general died 309 BC – Macedonian general and nephew of Antigonus I Monophthalmus
- Ptolemy of Epirus died 235 BC – King of the Greek frontier kingdom of Epirus
- Ptolemy son of Pyrrhus 295–272 BC – A son of king Pyrrhus of Epirus
- Ptolemy of Aloros ruled 368 to 365 BC – Regent of Macedon
- Ptolemy King of Thebes 12th century BC – mythical ruler of the ancient Greek city of Thebes
- Ptolemy somatophylax died 334 BC – Macedonian bodyguard and general of Alexander the Great
- Ptolemy son of Seleucus died 333 BC – Macedonian bodyguard and general of Alexander the Great
- Ptolemy son of Philip 4th century BC – Macedonian officer of Alexander the Great
2.2. People Egyptian Ptolemaic dynasty rulers
The Ptolemaic dynasty, of Macedonian origin, ruled Hellenistic Egypt for nearly 300 years, from 305 BC to 30 BC. The kings of this dynasty were all named Ptolemy. See Ptolemaic dynasty for details of their reigns and other ruling members of the dynasty. See also: Legacy of Ptolemy I Soter.
- Ptolemy IV Philopator
- Ptolemy IX Lathyros
- Ptolemy II Philadelphus 308 BC–246 BC – Son and successor to Ptolemy I
- Ptolemy III Euergetes
- Ptolemy X Alexander I
- Ptolemy I Soter 367 BC–283 BC – Macedonian general of Alexander the Great
- Ptolemy VIII Physcon
- Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator
- Ptolemy V Epiphanes
- Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator
- Ptolemy XIV
- Ptolemy XI Alexander II
- Ptolemy XII Auletes
- Ptolemy XV Caesarion 47 BC–30 BC – last Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt
- Ptolemy VI Philometor
2.3. People Legacy of Ptolemy I Soter
- Ptolemais disambiguation – various places and people named after members of the Ptolemaic dynasty
- Ptolemaic dynasty – Egyptian ruling dynasty founded by Ptolemy I Soter
- Ptolemaic Kingdom – the kingdom founded by Ptolemy I Soter.
2.4. People Egyptian Ptolemaic dynasty descendants
There were several members of the Ptolemaic dynasty that did not become senior rulers of Egypt. Some of them became rulers of other kingdoms. Many of the dates and other details about these Ptolemies are uncertain.
- Ptolemy Apion died 96 BC – son of Ptolemy VIII Physcon. Made king of Cyrenaica. Bequeathed Cyrenaica to Rome.
- Ptolemy of Mauretania reigned 21-40 AD – grandson of Cleopatra VII. King of Mauretania and an ally of Rome.
- Ptolemy Eupator – co-ruler with Ptolemy VI Philometor; probably his son. Probably died within months.
- Ptolemy Keraunos died 279 BC – eldest son of Ptolemy I Soter. Eventually became king of Macedon.
- Ptolemy II of Telmessos flourished 3rd century BC & 2nd century BC – grandson of Ptolemy I Epigone.
- Ptolemy Philadelphus son of Cleopatra born 36 BC – son of the Roman general Mark Antony and the Egyptian Ptolemaic queen Cleopatra VII.
- Ptolemy Epigonos 299/298 BC-240 BC co-ruler with Ptolemy Philadelphus as he was his nephew and adopted son, later deposed.
- Ptolemy Andromachou 3rd century BC – probable illegitimate son of Ptolemy II Philadelphus.
- Ptolemy of Cyprus died 58 BC – son of Ptolemy IX Lathyros. Probable king of Cyprus.
2.5. People Other people named Ptolemy or Tolomeo
- Ptolemy ca. 90 AD–ca. 168 AD, known in antiquity as Claudius Ptolemaeus; a writer, geographer, mathematician, astronomer and astrologer who lived in the Alexandrine Greek culture of Roman Egypt. See also: Legacy of Claudius Ptolemaeus
and, in approx. chronological order
- Ptolemaeus and Lucius d. ca. 165 AD, Christian martyrs
- Ptolemy Slocum born 1975 – American actor
- Ptolemy Tompkins born 1962 – American author
- Ptolemy Acts of Peter, a character in the Acts of Peter, who was a rich man trying to marry the daughter of Saint Peter d. ca. 68 AD
- Ptolemaeus Chennus 2nd century AD, a grammarian who lived in the Alexandrine Greek culture of Roman Egypt
- Ptolemy Dean born 1968 – British architect, author, and television consultant
- Ptolemy II of Tusculum d.1153, a count of Tusculum who married Bertha, daughter of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor
- Francesco Tolomei Italian variant of Ptolemy 1762 – 1831, Italian writer, author of a Guide to Pistoia 1821
- Ptolemy son of Abubus, governor of Jericho ca. 130 BC in the First Book of the Maccabees; instigated the death of Simon Maccabees; and for whom Dante named the section of Hell reserved for traitors to guests Ptolemaea
- Ptolemy gnostic ca. 180 AD, a religious philosopher who was active in Roman Italy and Gaul.
- Ptolemy son of Dorymenes ca. 166 BC, a soldier in the Seleucid Empire under Lysias.
- Ptolemy son of Mennaeus rule ended ca. 40 BC, governor of biblical Abilene, a district of the disputed region of Coele-Syria
- Ptolemaeus of Commagene d. ca. 130 BC, satrap and then first King of Commagene
- Franciscus Ptolemaeus or Francesco Tolomei, 17th. century Italian erudite, author of Vetustalia seu Vetustatis admiranda, 1664. Rome: Ignatius de Lazaris Catholic religious order
- Ptolemy Macron ca. 170 BC, governor of Coele-Syria and Phoenicia.
- Ptolemy-el-Garib ca. 300 AD, a Peripatetic pinacographer whose Life of Aristotle survives in Arabic translation
- Barry Ptolemy born 1969 – American film director and producer
- Ptolemy I of Tusculum d.1126, a count of Tusculum who asserted his familys descent from the Roman Julii.
- Bernard Tolomeo Italian spelling of Ptolemy 1272–1348, founder of the Olivetan Roman
- Tolomeo da Lucca Italian spelling of Ptolemy ca. 1227 – ca. 1327, also known as Bartholomew of Lucca, a historian and Dominican
- John Baptist Tolomei Italian variant of Ptolemy 1653–1726, Jesuit theologian and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
- Ptolemaeus Secundus, a Latin nickname for the Arab polymath Ibn al-Haytham ca. 965–ca. 1040
2.6. People Legacy of Claudius Ptolemaeus Ptolemy
- Ptolemys theorem – mathematical theorem described by Ptolemy Claudius Ptolemaeus
- Ptolemy Project computing – a computing project named for Ptolemy, started in the 1980s and based at the University of California, Berkeley, USA
- Ptolemaeus Martian crater - a crater on Mars named for Claudius Ptolemaeus
- 4001 Ptolemaeus – an asteroid named for Claudius Ptolemaeus
- Ptolemys world map – map of the ancient world as described by Ptolemy
- Ptolemy Cluster – the star cluster now called Messier 7 described by Ptolemy
- Geocentric model#Ptolemaic system – astronomical worldview as described by Ptolemy
- Ptolemaeus lunar crater - a crater on the Moon named for Claudius Ptolemaeus
- Ptolemy Project – a project started in 2001 to allow surgeons in Africa to access medical texts in the online library of the University of Toronto, Canada; inspired by the medical library of Alexandria, founded by Ptolemy I Soter
- Ptolemy Project - a project started in the early 1990s at the University of California, Berkeley that is an ongoing project aimed at modeling, simulating, and designing concurrent, real-time, embedded systems.
4. Arts and Music
- The Ptolemy 1934 – a large reed organ built by the American composer Harry Partch. This may have been named in tribute to Claudius Ptolemaeus, who summarized the musical work of philosophers like Pythagoras
- Tolomeo desk lamp the Italian spelling of Ptolemy – an iconic desk lamp design produced for the Italian company Artemide in 1986
- Tolomeo the Italian spelling of Ptolemy – an opera by Handel, composed in 1728, set in Egypt C108 BC, when Ptolemy IX Lathyros deposed his mother and joint ruler of Egypt, Cleopatra III, for his younger brother who reigned as Ptolemy X Alexander I
- Claudius Ptolemaeus is featured as a wizard called Ptolemy, on a magical collectible card in the fictional Harry Potter universe
- CBS-70 Ptolemaios aka Ptolemy - A unique space-based mobile suit carrier used by the privately owned paramilitary organization Celestial Being in the 2007 anime television series "Mobile Suit Gundam 00". Destroyed at the end of Season One, it is replaced by the newer CBS-74 Ptolemaios 2 by the beginning of Season Two 2008. The Ptolemaios 2 is later upgraded into the Ptolemaios 2 Kai for the concluding movie "Mobile Suit Gundam 00 the Movie: A Wakening of the Trailblazer" 2009
- Ptolemaic Terrascope – magazine founded 1989. The name was inspired by "Ptolemy the turtle, who lives at Terrascope Towers". Various artworks and logos feature an astronomer peering through a terrascope, so Ptolemaic may here refer to Claudius Ptolemaeus
- Alderman Ptolemy Tortoise, a character in The Tale of Mr. Jeremy Fisher by Beatrix Potter
- Ptolemys Gate published 2005 – the third book in The Bartimaeus Trilogy, a fantasy series by the English author Jonathan Stroud. The series includes a character called Ptolemy, from 2nd century BC Ptolemaic Egypt, who is nephew to Ptolemy VIII and cousin to Ptolemy IX
- Ptolemy Epigonos Greek: Πτολεμαίος ὁ ἐπίγονος Ptolemaios Epigonos, Epigonos i.e. the heir, 299 298 BC February 240 BC was a Greek Prince from Asia Minor
- Ptolemy III Euergetes Greek: Πτολεμαίος Εὐεργέτης Ptolemaios Euergetes Ptolemy the Benefactor c. 280 November December 222 BC was the third king
- Ptolemy I Soter ˈtɒləmi Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Ptolemaios Sōtḗr Ptolemy the Savior c. 367 BC January 282 BC was a companion and historian of
- III, and younger brother of Ptolemy IX. His birth name was probably Alexander. When Ptolemy VIII died in 116 BC, Ptolemy IX became king with Cleopatra
- Ptolemy Ceraunus Πτολεμαίος Κεραυνός Ptolemaios Keraunos, ca. 319 BC January February 279 BC was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty and briefly king
- Ptolemy VI Philometor Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλομήτωρ, Ptolemaĩos Philomḗtōr Ptolemy lover of his Mother May June 186 145 BC was a king of Egypt from
- Ptolemy IX Soter II Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Ptolemaĩos Sōtḗr Ptolemy the Saviour commonly nicknamed Lathyros Λάθυρος, Lathuros chickpea reigned
- Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Θεός Φιλοπάτωρ, Ptolemaĩos Theos Philopatōr Ptolemy God Beloved of his Father 62 BC 61 BC prob
- Ptolemy IV Philopator Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ, Ptolemaĩos Philopatōr Ptolemy lover of his Father May June 244 July August 204 BC son of Ptolemy
- Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Νέος Φιλοπάτωρ, Ptolemaĩos Neos Philopatōr Ptolemy the New Beloved of his Father was an Egyptian king
- Ptolemy II Philadelphus Greek: Πτολεμαίος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaios Philadelphos Ptolemy lover of his sister 308 9 28 January 246 BCE was the pharaoh
- Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Εὐεργέτης Τρύφων, Ptolemaĩos Euergetēs Tryphon Ptolemy the Benefactor, the luxurious c. 184 BC