ⓘ The Lower Depths (1936 film)


ⓘ The Lower Depths (1936 film)

The Lower Depths is a 1936 French drama film directed by Jean Renoir, based on the play of the same title by Maxim Gorky. Its scenes contrast the life of the upper and lower classes to comedic effect.

The film is an example of the poetic realism. It received the first Louis Delluc Prize in 1937. The National Board of Review in the United States considered it a Top Ten Foreign Film for 1937.


1. Plot

A wealthy baron Jouvet becomes bankrupt through gambling. Contemplating suicide, he finds his gun missing and confronts the thief Pepel Gabin who plans to rob him. Instead they share "a drink between colleagues" in a scene played as light comedy and become friends. The baron allows Pepel to leave with a bronze sculpture. Creditors seize the barons household furnishings. The Baron tells his servant Felix that he hopes all that Felix has stolen from him will cover his unpaid wages, to which Felix agrees. Pepel is arrested for stealing the bronze. Pepel jokes with the police until the baron arrives to identify him as a "dear friend". The story shifts to life in the slums, where men argue at cards. They mock a woman who reads romantic tales, and many individuals have brief character portraits. The baron arrives to become a lodger in the slums and Pepel sets him up with a bed. The baron joins the card game.

The police inspector meets with the slum landlord Kostylev and eyes his wifes sister Natasha. Pepel speaks with Vassilissa, regretting he never loved her but remembering their good times. She wants him to kill her husband, the landlord, who is old and mean. A scene of mourning for a woman who has died follows, with fatalistic comments from the neighbors. Pepel tells Natasha she should leave with him, but she says shell leave for a man with a job, not a thief like him. Vassilissa finds them speaking and is jealous. The woman who reads romances recounts them to the baron and Natasha as if they were her own adventures. The police inspector tells the landlord an inspection has been ordered. Trying to devise a way to bribe him, the landlord and his wife suggest her sister Natasha. Vassilissa persuades Natasha to serve the inspector tea, though Natasha has declared he disgusts her. The inspector invites Natasha on a date and she cries, but he promises her a better life.

Pepel and the baron discuss life along the river bank. Pepel believes only leaving with Natasha could save him from going to prison one day like his father before him. The inspector and Natasha dine alone indoors while other couples dine outdoors as a band plays. She resists his advances. Those partying outside include Pepel, pursued by Vassilissa. She tells him Natasha is not the innocent dreamer he imagines. Pepel find Natasha drunkenly enjoying the inspectors company. The men fight and Pepel leads Natasha away as the inspector cries for help. Pepel and Natasha confess their love.

Kostylev and Vassilissa insist Natasha make up with the inspector. They beat her and the whole neighborhood listens. Pepel intervenes and soon all the lodgers join him in attacking their hated landlord. The fight ends with Kostylev dead, though no one appears responsible. Vassilissa denounces Pepel to the police as a murderer. The baron tells them it was a brawl and everyone is guilty. Others say how they participated and that "the lower depths killed him". The police find Pepel comforting Natasha and lead him away.

In an epilogue, Vassilissa leaves the slum, Natasha brings Pepel home from prison, and the slums strangest resident, a combination madman and drunkard called "the actor", commits suicide. Natasha and Pepel take to the road with just a few possessions.


2. Cast

  • Camille Bert as The Count
  • Henri Saint-Isle as Kletsch
  • Junie Astor as Natascha
  • Jean Gabin as Wasska Pepel
  • Paul Temps as Satine
  • Robert Le Vigan as The Alcoholic Actor
  • Vladimir Sokoloff as Kostylev
  • Suzy Prim as Vassilissa Kostyleva
  • Maurice Baquet as Alouchka
  • Robert Ozanne as Jabot de Travers
  • Louis Jouvet as The Baron
  • Jany Holt as Nastia
  • Rene Genin as Louka