ⓘ List of castra by province

                                     

ⓘ List of castra in Dacia

Castra were military forts of various sizes used by the Roman army throughout the Empire in various places of Europe, Asia and Africa. The largest castra were permanent legionary fortresses.

                                     

1. Locations

The disposition of the castra reflects the most important zones of the empire from a military point of view. Many castra were disposed along frontiers particularly in Northern and Central Europe. Another focal point was the Eastern border, where the Roman Empire confronted one of its long-term enemies, the Persian Empire. Other castra were located in strategically important zones, as in Egypt, from which most of the wealth of the empire came. Finally, other castra were located in zones in which the Romans experienced local unrest, such as Northern Spain and Judea. Provinces where the Roman power was unchallenged, such as Italy, Gaul, Africa and Greece, were provided with few or no castra.

In the long history of the Roman Empire, the character of the military policy of the Roman Empire changed, and consequently the location and dimension of the castra changed. Under Emperors Gallienus and Aurelian and later Diocletian, the Roman army was organized into a high-mobility central army the comitatus and in local troops the limitanei. Some castra lost importance, others were built in new zones, and in general they lost the role of permanent quarter for huge corps of troops.

                                     

2. Castra by Roman province

Dalmatia

Delminium, Burnum, Ragusia or Laus, Tilurium, Split

Gallia

Argentoratum, Castra Constantia, Lugdunum Also castra of unknown name: Oudenburg

Germania

Abusina, Augusta Vindelicorum, Bonna, Colonia Agrippinae, Flevum, Moguntiacum, Novaesium, Noviomagus, Traiectum, Vetera Also castra of unknown name: Saalburg

Hispania

Asturica Augusta, Castra Servilia, Legio, Lucus Augusti, Tarraco

Italia

Aquileia, Castra Albana, Castra ad Fluvium Frigidum, Cremona, Emona, Castra Taurinorum, Placentia

Noricum

Asturis Zwentendorf, Cannabiaca Zeiselmauer-Wolfpassing, Comagena, Lauriacum, Lentia

Pannonia

Aquincum, Brigetio, Carnuntum, Mursa, Poetovio, Sirmium, Taurunum, Vindobona

Raetia

Brigantium, Castra Regina, Batavis, Castra Maiense
                                     

2.1. Castra by Roman province Britannia

Alauna, Arbeia, Banna, Branodunum, Bremenium, Burrium, Camulodunum, Derventio Malton, Deva Victrix, Eboracum, Epiacum, Glevum, Isca Dumnoniorum, Isca Augusta, Condercum, Concangis, Corinium, Galava, Glannoventa, Leucarum, Lindum, Mamucium, Manduessedum, Mediobogdum, Navio, Morbium, Olicana, Pinnata Castra, Portus Adurni, Regulbium, Segedunum, Trimontium, Vindolanda, Vinovia, Viroconium, Voreda Also castra of unknown name: Bar Hill, Bearsden, Lunt Fort, Normandykes, Raedykes, Templeborough
                                     

2.2. Castra by Roman province Dalmatia

Delminium, Burnum, Ragusia or Laus, Tilurium, Split
                                     

2.3. Castra by Roman province Gallia

Argentoratum, Castra Constantia, Lugdunum Also castra of unknown name: Oudenburg
                                     

2.4. Castra by Roman province Germania

Abusina, Augusta Vindelicorum, Bonna, Colonia Agrippinae, Flevum, Moguntiacum, Novaesium, Noviomagus, Traiectum, Vetera Also castra of unknown name: Saalburg


                                     

2.5. Castra by Roman province Hispania

Asturica Augusta, Castra Servilia, Legio, Lucus Augusti, Tarraco
                                     

2.6. Castra by Roman province Italia

Aquileia, Castra Albana, Castra ad Fluvium Frigidum, Cremona, Emona, Castra Taurinorum, Placentia
                                     

2.7. Castra by Roman province Moesia

Ad Stoma, Arrubium, Altinum, Argamum, Axiopolis, Beroe, Callatis, Capidava, Carsium, Cius, Dinogetia, Drajna de Sus, Histriopolis, Halmyris, Libida, Novae, Noviodunum, Oescus, Ratiaria, Sacidava, Salsovia, Scupi, Singidunum, Stratonis, Tomis, Troesmis, Ulmetum, Viminacium Also castra of unknown name: Basarabi-Murfatlar, Tirighina-Barboși, Cernavoda
                                     

2.8. Castra by Roman province Noricum

Asturis Zwentendorf, Cannabiaca Zeiselmauer-Wolfpassing, Comagena, Lauriacum, Lentia
                                     

2.9. Castra by Roman province Pannonia

Aquincum, Brigetio, Carnuntum, Mursa, Poetovio, Sirmium, Taurunum, Vindobona
                                     

2.10. Castra by Roman province Raetia

Brigantium, Castra Regina, Batavis, Castra Maiense


                                     
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