ⓘ Lomonosov Gold Medal

Nikolay Belov (geochemist)

Nikolay Vasilyevich Belov was a Soviet crystallographer, geochemist, academician, and Hero of Socialist Labor.

                                     

ⓘ Lomonosov Gold Medal

The Lomonosov Gold Medal, named after Russian scientist and polymath Mikhail Lomonosov, is awarded each year since 1959 for outstanding achievements in the natural sciences and the humanities by the USSR Academy of Sciences and later the Russian Academy of Sciences. Since 1967, two medals are awarded annually: one to a Russian and one to a foreign scientist. It is the Academys highest accolade.

                                     

1. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal

1959

  • Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa: cumulatively, for works in physics of low temperatures.

1961

  • Aleksandr Nikolaevich Nesmeyanov: accumulatively for works in chemistry.

1964

  • Sir Howard Walter Florey professor, president of the Royal Society of Great Britain: for an outstanding contribution in the development of medicine.

1965

  • Nikolai Vasilevich Belov: accumulatively for works in crystallography.

1969

  • Nikolay Nikolaevich Semenov: for outstanding achievements in chemical physics.
  • Giulio Natta professor, Italy: for outstanding achievements in the chemistry of polymers

1970

  • Arnaud Denjoy member of the Academie française: for outstanding achievements in mathematics.
  • Ivan Matveevich Vinogradov: for outstanding studies in mathematics.

1971

  • Hannes Alfven: for outstanding achievements in physics of plasma and astrophysics.
  • Viktor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian: for outstanding achievements in astronomy and astrophysics.

1973

  • Vladimir Zoubek full member of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences: for outstanding achievements in geology.
  • Aleksandr Pavlovich Vinogradov: for outstanding achievements in geochemistry.

1979

  • Bela Szokefalvi-Nagy full member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences: for outstanding achievements in mathematics.
  • Aleksandr Ivanovich Oparin: for outstanding achievements in biochemistry.

1983

  • Andrei Lvovich Kursanov: for outstanding achievements in physiology and biochemistry of plants.
  • Abdus Salam professor, Pakistan: for outstanding achievements in physics.

1985

  • Guillermo Haro professor, Mexico: for outstanding achievements in astrophysics.
  • Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sadovsky: for outstanding achievements in geology and geophysics.

1987

  • John Bardeen professor, United States: for outstanding achievements in physics.
  • Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov: for outstanding achievements in physics.

1988

  • Jean Leray professor, France: for outstanding achievements in mathematics.
  • Sergei Lvovich Sobolev posthumously: for outstanding achievements in mathematics.

1989

  • Nikolai Gennadievich Basov: for outstanding achievements in physics.
  • Hans Bethe professor, United States: for outstanding achievements in physics.

1993

  • Dmitri Sergeevich Likhachev: for outstanding achievements in the humanities.
  • John Kenneth Galbraith professor, United States: for outstanding achievements in economic and social sciences.

2002

  • Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya: for outstanding achievements in mathematics.
  • Lennart Carleson professor, Sweden: for outstanding achievements in mathematics.

2003

  • Michael E. DeBakey professor, United States: for outstanding achievements in cardiology.
  • Evgeny Chazov: for outstanding achievements in cardiology.

2005

  • Yuri Andreevich Ossipyan: for outstanding achievements in solid state physics.
  • Peter Hirsch professor, Great Britain: for outstanding achievements in solid state physics.

2010

  • Spartak Timofeevich Belyaev: for outstanding contributions in physics.
  • Gerard t Hooft professor, Netherlands: for outstanding contributions in physics.

2011

  • Vladimir Alexandrovich Tartakovsky: for outstanding contributions in chemistry.
  • Roald Hoffmann professor, United States: for outstanding contributions in chemistry.
                                     

1.1. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1961

  • Aleksandr Nikolaevich Nesmeyanov: accumulatively for works in chemistry.
                                     

1.2. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1963

  • Sin-Itiro Tomonaga member of the Japanese academy of Sciences, president of the Scientific Council of Japan: for substantial scientific contributions to the development of physics.
  • Hideki Yukawa member of the Japanese academy of Sciences, director of the Institute of Basic Research at the University of Kyoto: for outstanding merits in the development of theoretical physics.
                                     

1.3. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1964

  • Sir Howard Walter Florey professor, president of the Royal Society of Great Britain: for an outstanding contribution in the development of medicine.
                                     

1.4. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1965

  • Nikolai Vasilevich Belov: accumulatively for works in crystallography.
                                     

1.5. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1967

  • Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm: for outstanding achievements in the theory of elementary particles and other domain of theoretical physics
  • Cecil Frank Powell professor, member of the Royal Society of Great Britain: for outstanding achievements in the physics of elementary particles.


                                     

1.6. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1968

  • Vladimir Aleksandrovich Engelgardt: for outstanding achievements in biochemistry and molecular biology.
  • Istvan Rusznyak president of the Academy of Sciences of the Hungarian Peoples Republics: for outstanding achievements in medicine.
                                     

1.7. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1969

  • Nikolay Nikolaevich Semenov: for outstanding achievements in chemical physics.
  • Giulio Natta professor, Italy: for outstanding achievements in the chemistry of polymers
                                     

1.8. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1970

  • Arnaud Denjoy member of the Academie française: for outstanding achievements in mathematics.
  • Ivan Matveevich Vinogradov: for outstanding studies in mathematics.
                                     

1.9. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1971

  • Hannes Alfven: for outstanding achievements in physics of plasma and astrophysics.
  • Viktor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian: for outstanding achievements in astronomy and astrophysics.
                                     

1.10. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1972

  • Nikoloz Muskhelishvili: for outstanding achievements in mathematics and mechanics.
  • Max Steenbeck full member of the Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic: for outstanding achievements in the physics of plasma and applied physics.
                                     

1.11. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1973

  • Vladimir Zoubek full member of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences: for outstanding achievements in geology.
  • Aleksandr Pavlovich Vinogradov: for outstanding achievements in geochemistry.


                                     

1.12. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1974

  • Angel Balevski full member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences: for outstanding achievements in metallurgy and metal technology.
  • Aleksandr Ivanovich Tselikov: for outstanding achievements in metallurgy and metal technology.
                                     

1.13. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1975

  • Mstislav Vsevolodovich Keldysh: for outstanding achievements in mathematics, mechanics and space research.
  • Maurice Roy full member of the Academie française: for outstanding achievements in mechanics and its applications.
                                     

1.14. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1976

  • Herman Klare full member of the Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic: for outstanding achievements in the chemistry and technology of man-made fibers.
  • Semyon Isaakovich Volfkovich: for outstanding achievements in chemistry and the technology of phosphorus and the development of scientific foundations of chemicalization of agriculture in the USSR.
                                     

1.15. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1977

  • Linus Carl Pauling member of the US National Academy of Sciences: for outstanding achievements in chemistry and biochemistry.
  • Mikhail Alekseevich Lavrentiev: for outstanding achievements in mathematics and mechanics.
                                     

1.16. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1978

  • Anatolii Petrovich Aleksandrov: for outstanding achievements in nuclear science and technology.
  • Alexander Robertus Todd professor, president of the Royal Society of Great Britain: for outstanding achievements in organic chemistry.
                                     

1.17. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1979

  • Bela Szokefalvi-Nagy full member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences: for outstanding achievements in mathematics.
  • Aleksandr Ivanovich Oparin: for outstanding achievements in biochemistry.
                                     

1.18. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1980

  • Jaroslav Kozesnik full member of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences: for outstanding achievements in applied mathematics and mechanics.
  • Boris Yevgenevich Paton: for outstanding achievements in metallurgy and metal technology.
                                     

1.19. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1981

  • Pavle Savic full member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia: for outstanding achievements in chemistry and physics.
  • Vladimir Aleksandrovich Kotelnikov: for outstanding achievements in radiophysics, radio engineering and electronics.
                                     

1.20. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1982

  • Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin professor, member of the London Royal Society: for outstanding achievements in biochemistry and crystal chemistry.
  • Julii Borisovich Khariton: for outstanding achievements in physics.
                                     

1.21. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1983

  • Andrei Lvovich Kursanov: for outstanding achievements in physiology and biochemistry of plants.
  • Abdus Salam professor, Pakistan: for outstanding achievements in physics.
                                     

1.22. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1984

  • Rudolf Mossbauer professor, Federal Republic of Germany: for outstanding achievements in physics.
  • Nikolai Nikolaevich Bogolyubov: for outstanding achievements in mathematics and theoretical physics.
                                     

1.23. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1985

  • Guillermo Haro professor, Mexico: for outstanding achievements in astrophysics.
  • Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sadovsky: for outstanding achievements in geology and geophysics.
                                     

1.24. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1986

  • Josef eiman academician, Chairman of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences: for outstanding achievements in biochemistry.
  • Svyatoslav Nikolaevich Fyodorov: for outstanding achievements in ophthalmology and eye microsurgery.
                                     

1.25. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1987

  • John Bardeen professor, United States: for outstanding achievements in physics.
  • Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov: for outstanding achievements in physics.


                                     

1.26. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1988

  • Jean Leray professor, France: for outstanding achievements in mathematics.
  • Sergei Lvovich Sobolev posthumously: for outstanding achievements in mathematics.
                                     

1.27. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1989

  • Nikolai Gennadievich Basov: for outstanding achievements in physics.
  • Hans Bethe professor, United States: for outstanding achievements in physics.
                                     

1.28. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1993

  • Dmitri Sergeevich Likhachev: for outstanding achievements in the humanities.
  • John Kenneth Galbraith professor, United States: for outstanding achievements in economic and social sciences.
                                     

1.29. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1994

  • Nikolai Konstantinovich Kochetkov: for outstanding achievements in the chemistry of carbohydrates and organic synthesis.
  • James D. Watson professor, United States: for outstanding achievements in molecular biology.
                                     

1.30. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1995

  • Anatole Abragam professor, France: for outstanding achievements in physics of condensed state and methods of research in nuclear physics.
  • Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg: for outstanding achievements in theoretical physics and astrophysics.
                                     

1.31. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1996

  • Friedrich Hirzebruch professor, Federal Republic of Germany: for outstanding achievements in algebraic geometry and algebraic topology.
  • Nikolai Nikolaevich Krasovsky: for outstanding achievements in the mathematical theory of control and the theory of differential games.
                                     

1.32. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1997

  • Boris Sergeyevich Sokolov: for outstanding achievements in the studies of the early biosphere of the Earth, the discovery of the ancient Wend geological system and classical works in fossil corals.
  • Frank Press professor, United States: for outstanding achievements in the physics of solid Earth.
                                     

1.33. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1998

  • Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn: for an outstanding contribution into the development of Russian literature, Russian language and Russian history.
  • Yosikazu Nakamura professor, Japan: for an outstanding contribution to the study of Slavistics and the popularization of Russian literature and culture in Japan.
                                     

1.34. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 1999

  • Michael Muller-Wille professor, Germany: for achievements in the study of foreign relations of early medieval Russia.
  • Valentin Lavrentevich Yanin: for achievements in the archaeological studies of medieval Russia.
                                     

1.35. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2000

  • Charles Hard Townes professor, United States: for fundamental works in quantum electronics leading to the development of the maser and laser.
  • Andrei Viktorovich Gaponov-Grekhov: for fundamental works in the fields of electrodynamics, plasma physics and physical electronics.
                                     

1.36. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2001

  • Alexander Sergeevich Spirin: for achievements in the study of the structure of nucleic acids and the functions of ribosomes.
  • Alexander Rich professor, United States: for achievements in the study of the structure of nucleic acids and the functions of ribosomes.
                                     

1.37. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2002

  • Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya: for outstanding achievements in mathematics.
  • Lennart Carleson professor, Sweden: for outstanding achievements in mathematics.
                                     

1.38. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2003

  • Michael E. DeBakey professor, United States: for outstanding achievements in cardiology.
  • Evgeny Chazov: for outstanding achievements in cardiology.
                                     

1.39. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2004

  • Edward N. Lorenz professor, United States: for major achievements in developing the theory of general circulation of the atmosphere and the theory of chaotic attractors of dissipative systems.
  • Gury Ivanovich Marchuk: for his outstanding contribution to the creation of new models and methods of solving problems of nuclear-reactor physics, atmosphere and ocean physics.
                                     

1.40. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2005

  • Yuri Andreevich Ossipyan: for outstanding achievements in solid state physics.
  • Peter Hirsch professor, Great Britain: for outstanding achievements in solid state physics.
                                     

1.41. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2006

  • Nikolay Pavlovich Laverov: for outstanding achievements in geology and geophysics.
  • Rodney Charles Ewing professor, United States: for his research on the nuclear fuel cycle and nuclear waste management.
                                     

1.42. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2007

  • Simon Franklin professor, Great Britain: for outstanding achievements in research in Russian history and culture.
  • Andrey Anatolyevich Zaliznyak: for outstanding achievements in research in linguistics.
                                     

1.43. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2008

  • Evgenii Maksimovich Primakov: for outstanding contributions in the development of the social sciences.
  • Helene Carrere d’Encausse professor, France: for outstanding achievements in research of political and social processes in soviet and postsoviet periods of Russia.
                                     

1.44. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2009

  • Ryōji Noyori professor, Japan: for outstanding contributions in the development of organic chemistry and catalytic asymmetric synthesis.
  • Vadim Tikhonovich Ivanov: for outstanding contributions in the development of bioorganic chemistry.
                                     

1.45. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2010

  • Spartak Timofeevich Belyaev: for outstanding contributions in physics.
  • Gerard t Hooft professor, Netherlands: for outstanding contributions in physics.
                                     

1.46. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2011

  • Vladimir Alexandrovich Tartakovsky: for outstanding contributions in chemistry.
  • Roald Hoffmann professor, United States: for outstanding contributions in chemistry.
                                     

1.47. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2012

  • Richard Warren Arnold professor, United States: for his outstanding contribution to the development of theoretical and applied soil science and modeling the behavior of soils in different landscapes of the world.
  • Gleb Vsevolodovich Dobrovolsky: for outstanding contribution in the field of soil science.
                                     

1.48. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2013

  • Peter David Lax professor, United States: for outstanding contribution to the theory of hydrodynamic solitons.
  • Ludvig Dmitrievich Faddeev: for outstanding contribution to quantum field theory and the theory of elementary particles.
                                     

1.49. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2014

  • Svante Paabo professor, Sweden: for outstanding achievements in the field of archeology and paleogenetics.
  • Anatoly Derevyanko: for his outstanding contribution to the development of a new fundamental scientific concept formation of modern human physical type and its culture.
                                     

1.50. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2015

  • Leonid Veniaminovich Keldysh: for outstanding contributions to the physics of tunnel phenomena, including the tunnel effects in semiconductors.
  • Paul Corkum professor, Canada: for outstanding contribution in ultrafast physics, including attosecond range, and interferometry processes of electron wave functions in atoms and molecules with unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution.
                                     

1.51. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2016

  • Sidney Altman Canada and United States: for his outstanding contribution in the field of biochemistry of nucleic acids, the discovery of the catalytic activity of the nucleic acids and the creation of new biologically active substances.
  • Dmitrii Knorre: for his outstanding contribution in the field of nucleic acid chemistry, affinity modification of biopolymers, becoming the most important areas of pharmacology - therapeutic nucleic acids and the development of gene therapy techniques.
                                     

1.52. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2017

  • Bjorn Jonson professor, Sweden: for work of a fundamental nature, which are of fundamental importance for the study of the nuclear structure and nuclear stability of exotic lightest nuclei at the boundaries of nucleon stability.
  • Yuri Tsolakovich Oganesyan: for fundamental research in the field of interaction of complex nuclei and experimental confirmation of the hypothesis of the existence of "stability islands" of superheavy elements.
                                     

1.53. Recipients of Lomonosov Gold Medal 2018

  • Martin Chalfie professor, United States: for developing new methods for bioluminescent analysis using GFP luminescent protein.
  • Joseph Isaevich Gitelzon: for the justification and development of the ecological direction of biophysics, which has achieved a number of outstanding fundamental and practical results, in particular in marine and laboratory studies of bioluminescence.