ⓘ Tawwaj

                                     

ⓘ Tawwaj

Tawwaj was located on or close to the Shapur River in the region of Fars, about 65 kilometers 40 mi from the Persian Gulf coast. During the Sasanian and early Islamic period it served as an important commercial center. It was captured and garrisoned by an Arab Muslim army commanded by the brothers al-Hakam and Uthman ibn Abi al-As in c. 640. Tawwaj thereafter became Uthmans headquarters during his military campaigns against the Sasanians in Fars. A mosque was built in the town from that period, but had been completely ruined by the lifetime of the Persian geographer Hamdallah Mustawfi 1281–1349.

The 10th century Persian geographer istakhri describes Tawwaj as is in the hollow of the gorge with numerous palm trees, a rather hot climate and the size of the city is a farce Arrajan. It was a major trading center, famous for its gold embroidery, woven carpets. He said that the town was inhabited by the Arabs from Syria brought by the ruler of Boidov Adud al-Dawla. By the 12th century, most of the city was turned into ruins, and in the 14th century it was in General disrepair. Your site is not revealed.

                                     
  • thought that the site was part of Tawwaj however, other discoveries in the region, made in 2004 and 2005, indicate that Tawwaj is actually several kilometers
  • Fars town of Tawwaj near the Persian Gulf coast, southwest of modern Shiraz. In 641 Uthman established his permanent headquarters at Tawwaj which he fortified
  • Shahrak. Some time later, Uthman ibn Abi al - As managed to establish at Tawwaj a Misr, a military base whose regimental system was based on the Immigrant
  • Estakhr. Some time later, Uthman ibn Abi al - As established a military base at Tawwaj and shortly after defeated and killed Shahrag near Rew - shahr however other
  • time later, Uthman ibn Abi al - As managed to establish a military base at Tawwaj and shortly defeated and killed Shahrag near Rew - shahr however other sources
  • continuing their conquest of western Persia under Uthman ibn Abi al - As from Tawwaj but late in the 640s, these forces suffered setbacks. Uthman in 650 reorganised