ⓘ Strategus aloeus

                                     

ⓘ Strategus aloeus

Strategus aloeus, the ox beetle, is a species of rhinoceros beetle. The "major" males of this species have three large horns on their thoraces, resembling the Triceratops. The "minor" males have horns, as well, but the two back ones are small and the frontal horn is much shorter than the horn in major males. The female ox beetle has a very short horn which has little use in fighting, but is used for digging in the ground. These beetles grow to about 1.0 to 1.5 in long as adults when the horns are excluded in the males.

Although this species occurs in the USA, its population is much higher in Mexico, Central America and parts of South America.

The larvae of this species feed on the roots in the ground, while the adults feed on flowers and various fruits. Larvae take about four to six months to reach the pupal stage. The pupal stage can be shortened in captivity by placing the pupae in a warm place. Adults are active from may to November, and at this time both males and females try to mate. These beetles are very common at Lights in the summer and can be harvested in large quantities in some areas. Their larvae are sometimes considered pests because they can damage lawns and gardens by eating roots.