ⓘ N-po generation


ⓘ N-po generation

N-po generation (Hangul: N포세대; Hanja: N抛世代; RR: N-posedae, "Numerous giving-up generation" is a new term for the generation of people who gave up numerous things in South Korea. It first began as the word Sampo generation and expanded to the Generation who gave up on Ns. Sampo Generation refers to a generation that has given up three things: dating, marriage and childbirth, while Opo Generation has given up five things, adding home and career to Sampo generation. The Chilpo generation refers to the generation who gave up seven things, adding hope/hobby and human relations to Opo generation.

Currently, many young people in their 20s and 30s in South Korea are giving up dating and marriage and putting off giving birth without a commitment, on the grounds that they cant afford to take care of themselves due to economic and social pressures such as soaring prices, tuition fees, job shortages and home prices. These N-po generation people are also called as Sampo generation. In a similar term, Japan refers to the Satori generation.


1. Origin and expansion of the word

This is a new term coined by the special task force of Kyunghyang Shinmuns planning series in 2011. The press team defined "Sampo Generation" as "young people who delay dating, marriage, childbirth or no commitment due to excessive living costs such as unstable jobs, repayment of student loans, preparation for a job without a commitment, and soaring housing prices." It is a term coined to show that the burden of Korean families who have taken on the welfare that the state is not responsible has reached a critical point, eventually reaching a state of disintegration of the traditional family form. On the economic perspective, the term is both economically depressed and at the same time the domestic market is shrinking because Korea is heavily dependent on large exporters. This can be defined as a country where stagflation is a common practice due to low economic growth and very low wages and rising prices due to its unique economic structure, resulting in higher cost of living compared to low income, resulting in the creation of such terms. Since then, it has spread socially through various media, political circles and the Internet, and has become a symbolic term to reveal the lives of young people and the challenges of our society. Not only Korea but also the U.S., which says independence by the age of 20, is becoming more economically dependent on parents due to the recent shortage of jobs, and the reality of Millennials, which was noted until a few years ago, can be seen as similar to Koreas Sampo generation


2. Sociological analysis

The main cause of the words birth is assumed to be the economic and social pressures of modern society on young people.

Many young people in Korea tend to regard love as a luxury, overwhelmed by the social climate of paying back student loans, suffering from excessive housing and living expenses, and pushing them to be the best specs, if not a first-rate company, because of the social structure that values only large companies.

The generalization of business-enemy wedding halls, which carefully assess each others specifications instead of romantic ones, and the rapid increase in wedding costs.

It is frustrating to many young people who do not meet relatively the conditions for marriageable.

Even if they are married, they will be burdened with the cost of child care, and the low birth rate trend caused by these economic pressures and the lack of social consideration for working mothers are the main factors that make young couples hesitate to give birth.


3. Consequences

In the modern age, the need for marriage has disappeared, and the sense that marriage is not necessary has spread. Marriage and child care have changed from necessity to choice. And, socially, it can talk about the decreasing birth rate due to late marriage or not getting married, the personal burden of marriage and child care is lifted, the depression is brought, the suicide rate is increased, and the consequent acceleration of an aging society and the absence of a generation responsible for the welfare of the elderly.


4. Smaller concepts

Opogiving up five things Generation is a generation that has given up human relations and homes in additional to Sampo generation, which has given up giving up childbirth, marriage and dating. The Chilpogiving up seven things generation gave up their dreams and hopes to the Opo generation, which added giving up personal relationship to Sampo generation.

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