ⓘ Gabriella di Vergy

                                     

ⓘ Gabriella di Vergy

Gabriella di Vergy is an opera seria in two acts by Gaetano Donizetti written in 1826 and revised in 1838, from a libretto by Andrea Leone Tottola, which was based on the tragedy Gabrielle de Vergy by Dormont De Belloy. Prior to that, the play was itself inspired by two French medieval legends, Le chatelain de Coucy et la dame de Fayel and Le Roman de la chastelaine de Vergy.

The story had already been the subject of an opera by Michele Carafa 1816 and had previously been used by Johann Simon Mayr, Francesco Morlacchi, and Carlo Coccia. It was also subsequently used as Gabriella di Vergy by Saverio Mercadante in 1828.

"In its original form the opera was never performed", but parts of the original version were re-used by Donizetti in his other operas Otto mesi in due ore Naples, 1827, L’esule di Roma Naples 1828, Il paria Naples 1829 and Anna Bolena. For the revised version, Donizetti revisited Gabriella di Vergy and incorporated into the opera parts of Ugo, conte di Parigi Milan 1832, Rosmonda dInghilterra Florence 1834 and Maria de Rudenz Venice 1838.

                                     

1. Performance history

After Donizettis death, his Gabriella di Vergy finally received its first performance on 29 November 1869 at the Teatro San Carlo in Naples with the title of Gabriella. However, the score was a rifacimento re-doing}, compiled by Giuseppe Puzone who had been Donizettis student and Paolo Serrao. They combined elements from both the 1826 and 1838 versions as well as music from some of Donizettis cantatas and his lesser-known operas.

The 1838 version of the opera was rediscovered in 1978 by Don White and Patric Schmid of Opera Rara. Subsequently, it was given its first performance in the UK on 9 September 1978 in Belfast and recorded.

                                     

2. Synopsis

Place: Burgundy Time: Middle Ages

Gabriella has married Fayel under pressure from her father and the reported death of Raoul, the man she really loves on his return from the Crusades. She discovers too late that she had been deceived and that Raoul is alive. Raoul returns and accuses her of perfidy. Meanwhile, he is under pressure from the Emperor to marry Fayels sister, Almeide. The story has a tragic and macabre end. Raoul is killed by Fayel in a duel. Fayel cuts out his heart and brings it to Gabriella in an urn. She goes mad and dies of a broken heart. Her final words to Fayel, and the final words of the opera are her wish for the foaming blood in the urn to rise up and cover Fayels face and for Raouls ghost to rise from its tomb to embed in Fayels heart the knife he had used to cut out Raouls.

                                     
  • Gabriella may refer to: Gabriella given name an Italian feminine given name, Gabriella di Vergy an opera seria by Gaetano Donizetti 1826, revised
  • Gemma di Vergy is an 1834 tragedia lirica tragic opera in two acts by Gaetano Donizetti from a libretto by Giovanni Emanuele Bidera. It is based on the
  • Barbaia, and started writing librettos in 1802. His libretto for Gabriella di Vergy originally set by Michele Carafa in 1816, was reworked by Donizetti
  • be heard on several Opera Rara recordings Ugo, conte di Parigi, Gabriella di Vergy L assedio di Calais and Maria Padilla. He is also featured in a major
  • Bellini s La straniera 1831 and the title role in Mercadante s Gabriella di Vergy 1832 In 1835 she sang the role of Isabella in Giacomo Meyerbeer s
  • and Filippo Augusto in Donizetti s Gabriella di Vergy 1869 His last known opera appearance was at the Teatro di San Carlo in 1882 as Indra in Jules
  • as Donizetti s Gabriella di Vergy deal with the misadventures of knights returning from the Crusades. In the case of Gabriella di Vergy Raoul de Coucy
  • segments to other Donizetti operas, including Ugo, conte di Parigi, L elisir d amore and Gabriella di Vergy although a complete recording exists on the Opera
  • Virginia 1866 Errico Petrella s Giovanna di Napoli 1869 and Gaetano Donizetti s Gabriella di Vergy 1869 She had further success at La Scala from
  • ten years. In 1978 he conducted the premiere of Donizetti s opera Gabriella di Vergy in the Queen Elizabeth Hall in London. From 1979 to 1985 he was Music
  • who arranged the score for the posthumous premiere of Donizetti s Gabriella di Vergy at the Teatro San Carlo in 1869. Described as a rifacimento re - doing