ⓘ Maria de Rudenz

                                     

ⓘ Maria de Rudenz

Maria de Rudenz is a dramma tragico, or tragic opera, in three parts by Gaetano Donizetti. The Italian libretto was written by Salvadore Cammarano, based on "a piece of Gothic horror", La nonne sanglante by Auguste Anicet-Bourgeois and Julien de Mallian, and The Monk by Matthew Gregory Lewis. It premiered at the Teatro La Fenice in Venice, on 30 January 1838.

                                     

1. Performance history

19th century

While the initial performances were not very successful Donizetti regarded them as "a fiasco", the opera was withdrawn after two performances. It was given 14 performances in Rome in 1841 but, again, it was received with little enthusiasm. Finally, an "excellent production and superior singing this time won vigorous approval" in a production in Rome in 1841, and this was followed by one in Naples in 1848 at the Teatro Nuovo and three years later for a production at the Teatro San Carlo.

20th century and beyond

The opera did not receive a production in the UK until the Opera Rara concert presentation in London on 27 October 1974. The first staged presentations in the 20th century took place at La Fenice beginning on 21 December 1980 with Katia Ricciarelli in the title role. Both have been recorded. Among other performances, the opera was staged at the Donizetti Festival, Bergamo, in 2013 and by the Wexford Opera Festival in 2016.

                                     

2. Synopsis

Place: Switzerland Time: 1400

Maria de Rudenz falls in love with Corrado against her fathers wishes and flees with him to Venice. In Venice, Corrado suspects that Maria is unfaithful to him, abandons her, returns to Rudenz Castle, and falls in love with Marias cousin Mathilde.

Maria returns to her ancestors castle and discovers that her lover is not only going to marry her cousin, but that in fact he is also the son of a murderer. She is ready to keep his secret if only Corrado returns to her. Corrado refuses and in a rage injures her with his sword so that everyone thinks that she is dead.

On the wedding day of Mathilde and Corrado, Maria appears again. Maria reveals Corrados secret to everyone, murders Mathilde, and commits suicide.

                                     
  • 1836 Belisario 1836 Pia de Tolomei 1837 Roberto Devereux 1837 Maria de Rudenz 1838 Poliuto 1838 and Maria di Rohan 1843 while for Giuseppe
  • by Opera Rara, notably the title role in Torquato Tasso, Corrado in Maria de Rudenz Ernesto in Il Pirata. A warm - voiced and stylish singer, he can be
  • d Inghilterra, Maria de Rudenz Margherita d Anjou, Carlo di Borgogna, Maria regina d Inghilterra, Zoraida di Granata, Il crociato in Egitto, Pia de Tolomei
  • di Parigi Milan 1832 Rosmonda d Inghilterra Florence 1834 and Maria de Rudenz Venice 1838 After Donizetti s death, his Gabriella di Vergy finally
  • recordings, notably Ricciardo e Zoraide, Rosmonda d Inghilterra, Maria de Rudenz Pacini s Maria regina d Inghilterra, and Mercadante s Orazi e Curiazi and
  • Donizetti s Parisina 1833, Florence Antonina in Belisario 1836, Venice Maria de Rudenz 1838, Venice and Bianca in Saverio Mercadante s Le due illustre
  • at La Scala, Milan. The plot is loosely based on the historical figure Maria de Padilla, the mistress of Pedro the Cruel, King of Castile. The American
  • pirates Donizetti s Maria Padilla again featuring Price followed soon afterwards. Other early concerts included Maria de Rudenz Torquato Tasso, and
  • Pia de Tolomei 1838, as Corrado Waldorf in Maria de Rudenz 1841, as Don Pedro in Maria Padilla and 1843, as Enrico, Duke of Chevreuse, in Maria di