ⓘ Sultan (chimpanzee)

                                     

ⓘ Sultan (chimpanzee)

Sultan, one of the brightest of the early chimpanzees used for psychological research, was tested by Gestalt psychologist Wolfgang Kohler. Sultan is particularly recognized for his insight in solving numerous problems, including stacking or manipulating boxes to reach a reward and use of two sticks as a unit to rake food to a reachable distance.

While other chimps in the study Kohlers were also highly adept at problem solving - namely, getting out of reach fruit hanging over the ground or sitting straight in hand, leaving behind a lattice of cells - the Sultan was very advanced. He and his colleagues were also known to stack crates to reach the fruit, and even scramble hastily balanced handle to grab the banana before falling back down.

Chimpanzees helped Kohler to prove that animals are capable of learning beyond simple trial and error, and, under favorable conditions, many species - in particular, more "human" species of primates will demonstrate a deeper understanding of the components of the problem. For example, several chimpanzees that were able to reach the banana through the stack of boxes, it became clear that in crateless room, table or chair were working on.

                                     
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