ⓘ Early German colonists in Transylvania
Born around 1215 in the Moselle Franconian area of Luccelemburc Luxembourg, Medardus served during his early years as a "squire" Edelknecht in the Horseman Entourage of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II. In 1237 Medardus was appointed a Knight of the Holy Roman Empire in recognition of his valiant services at the Battle of Cortenuova. In 1243 Medardus followed the invitation of the Hungarian King Bela IV to settle in Transylvania ad retinendam coronam, which had been devastated and remained depopulated after the Mongol invasion of 1241. During the following years he laid the foundations to "Villa Nympz" Nimesch, a fortified peasant village in a side valley of the Great Kokel River near Medgyes.