ⓘ La liberazione di Ruggiero

                                     

ⓘ La liberazione di Ruggiero

La liberazione di Ruggiero dallisola dAlcina is a comic opera in four scenes by Francesca Caccini, first performed 3 February 1625 at the Villa di Poggio Imperiale in Florence, with a libretto by Ferdinando Saracinelli based on Ludovico Ariostos Orlando Furioso. It is the first opera written by a woman and was long considered to be the first Italian opera to be performed outside of Italy. It was performed to celebrate the visit of Prince Wladyslaw of Poland during Carnival 1625, and it was revived in Warsaw in 1628. The work was commissioned by her employer Regent Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria, wife of Cosimo II de Medici. Ruggiero was printed under the protection of Maria Magdalena in 1625, only five years after the first printed opera in Italy. It is the only opera by Francesca Caccini to survive.

La liberazione di Ruggiero is written in the stile moderno, that is, the style of Claudio Monteverdi, although the work owes more perhaps to the work of Jacopo Peri. It uses the new stile recitativo, as well as canzonettas in the style of the concerto delle donne. The operas orchestration calls for a lirone, and somewhat remarkably for the period the cast does not require a castrato. The piece is balanced towards higher voices, with six sopranos, two altos, seven tenors, and only one bass, as well as a trio of recorders. A compositional scheme is used within the work that associates flat keys with the feminine the female protagonist Alcina and her attendants and sharp keys with the masculine the male protagonist Ruggiero and the other male roles. The sorceress Melissa, who also appears in male disguise, is presented in the key of C major. Alcina is an evil and sexual sorceress, whereas Melissa is good. Melissa fights to free Ruggiero from Alcinas spells.

The work has been recorded and has been revived a number of times, including in Cologne 1983, Ferrara 1987, Stockholm 1990, Minneapolis 1991, Dudingen Switzerland, Regensburg, Neuburg an der Donau Germany 1999, Brighton Early Music Festival 2015 recorded by BBC Radio 3, Marseille France 2017, recorded by Radio Classique, and Boston Early Music Festival as Alcina 2018.

                                     

1. Recordings

  • La liberazione di Ruggiero dallisola dAlcina by Ensemble Renaissance on Sorabia Records
  • La liberazione di Ruggiero dallisola dAlcina directed by Wladyslaw Klosiewicz, with the Warsaw Chamber Opera and Musica Antique Collegium Varsoviense. B000FEW8LA
  • La liberazione di Ruggiero dallisola dAlcina first recording of the complete opera including reconstructed instrumental dances directed by Paul Van Nevel, with Huelgas Ensemble. Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 2018
  • La liberazione di Ruggiero dallisola dAlcina directed by Elena Sartori, with ensembles Allabastrina and La Pifarescha. Glossa 2016
                                     
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  • the daughter of Giulio Caccini. Her only surviving stage work, La liberazione di Ruggiero is widely considered the oldest opera by a woman composer. Caccini
  • perform the first opera written by a woman, Francesca Caccini s La Liberazione di Ruggiero in October 2009. It has also staged performances of Charpentier s
  • liberazione di Ruggiero 1625 by Francesca Caccini, Alcina 1735 by Handel and is the main character in Johann Adolph Hasse s Il Ruggiero Ruggiero
  • Francesca Caccini La liberazione di Ruggiero December 24 Johann Rudolph Ahle, organist and composer d. 1673 January 7 Ruggiero Giovannelli, Italian
  • Pavanen, Brand: Mascharaden, Balletten, Sonaten Francesca Caccini La liberazione di Ruggiero dall isola d Alcina Claudio Monteverdi Il Ballo delle Ingrate
  • of Endimione in La Calisto by Francesco Cavalli. 2019 - The role of Melissa in the RIAM Opera Briefs La liberazione di Ruggiero dall isola d Alcina
  • Delalande 2016 Le carnaval de Venise by Andre Campra 2017 La liberazione di Ruggiero by Francesca Caccini 2018 Orlando Generoso by Agostino Steffani
  • the earliest were Francesca Caccini s La liberazione di Ruggiero dall isola d Alcina The Liberation of Ruggiero from Alcina s Island 1625 and Luigi