ⓘ Gustavo primo, re di Svezia

                                     

ⓘ Gustavo primo, re di Svezia

Gustavo primo, re di Svezia is a three act opera seria by Baldassare Galuppi, with a libretto by Carlo Goldoni, fictionalising events in the life of Gustav I of Sweden. Composed in honour of the Genoese nobleman marchese Giovanni Giacomo Grimaldi, it premiered on 25 May 1740 at Venices Teatro San Samuele. It was first recorded in 2003 by Karoly, Gonzalez, Cecchetti and the Capella Savaria Baroque Orchestra, conducted by Fabio Pirona.

                                     

1. Historical context

After Swedens various vicissitudes, Christian II of Denmark overwhelmed her so completely that no hope of liberty seemed to remain for her. The people solved this by electing a king of their own nation, who would be only the first magistrate of the republic and preferable to laws imposed on them. But Christian the conqueror thought to gain absolute dominion, making it impossible for those most zealous for their native freedom. Therefore, fearing revolution in a conquered land, after sacrificing most of the royal families, taken hostage four of the kingdoms main lords, including young Gustav, son of Henry, of the illustrious Vasa family, which had often held the throne, and imprisoned them in Denmark. Heaven, which had destined him to be his homelands liberator, freed him from his prison thanks to the people of Lubeck, who then spread the false rumour that he had fled in disguise in a storm to spy out his enemys forces. Instead they hid him in the province of Dalarna, which was subject to Sweden but did not want to recognise its conqueror as its sovereign. Gustav grew to adulthood known to himself but unknown to others, becoming great in valour and bravery, so that the people elected him their leader and - after defeating his enemies - elected him their king, acknowledging the man who the people of Lubeck called Gustav Ericson, the first king of that name, who was the hero of the North in the 16th century and the first king to become so by popular assent.

                                     
  • Vincenzo Legrenzio Ciampi La Beatrice Baldassare Galuppi Gustavo primo re di Svezia Maurice Greene The Judgement of Hercules George Frideric Handel
  • coquette Siroe re di Persia after Leonardo Vinci opera seria in 3 acts, libretto by Pietro Metastasio Venice, Teatro Grimani di San Giovanni Grisostomo