ⓘ Voiced retroflex lateral fricative

                                     

ⓘ Voiced retroflex lateral fricative

Features of the voiced retroflex lateral fricative:

  • It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
  • Its place of articulation is retroflex, which prototypically means it is articulated subapical with the tip of the tongue curled up, but more generally, it means that it is postalveolar without being palatalized. That is, besides the prototypical subapical articulation, the tongue contact can be apical pointed or laminal flat.
  • Its manner of articulation is fricative, which means it is produced by constricting air flow through a narrow channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.