ⓘ Accismus

                                     

ⓘ Accismus

Accismus is a feigned refusal of something earnestly desired.

The 1823 Encyclopædia Britannica writes that accismus may sometimes be considered a virtue, sometimes a vice.

The Latin term comes from the Greek word is "ἀκκισμός", which, according to Britannica, was "supposed to be formed from Acco Greek: Akko, the name of a foolish old woman, famous in antiquity for an affectation of this kind.".

More particularly, in rhetorics, accismus is a figure of speech, a figure of refutation, is a type of irony.

                                     

1. Examples

  • behaviour Britannica cites Oliver Cromwells refusal of the crown of England as an example of accismus.
  • behaviour Merriam-Websters Encyclopedia Of Literature cites the dismissal of the grapes by the fox in The Fox and the Grapes as an example
  • ironic utterance "I couldnt possibly accept such charity from you."
  • When receiving gifts or honours, accismus is used to demonstrate modesty: "I am not worthy of the honor."