ⓘ Branched chain amino acid transaminase 1

                                     

ⓘ Branched chain amino acid transaminase 1

Branched chain amino acid transaminase 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BCAT1 gene. It is the first enzyme in the Branched-chain amino acid degradation pathway and facilitates the reversible transamination of BCAAs and glutamate. BCAT1 resides in the cytoplasm, while its isoform, BCAT2, is found in the mitochondria.

                                     
  • Branched - chain amino acid aminotransferase BCAT also known as branched - chain amino acid transaminase is an aminotransferase enzyme EC 2.6. 1 42 which
  • Amino acids are organic compounds that contain amine - NH2 and carboxyl - COOH functional groups, along with a side chain R group specific to each
  • Methionine transaminase EC 2.6. 1 88, methionine - oxo - acid transaminase is an enzyme with systematic name L - methionine: 2 - oxo - acid aminotransferase. This
  • T, Konishi Y, Ichihara A 1976 Transaminase of branched chain amino acids XI. Leucine methionine transaminase of rat liver mitochondria Biochim
  • and serum levels of the branched - chain amino acid valine are elevated, without related elevation of the branched - chain amino acids leucine and isoleucine
  • acid synthase, or AHAS is a protein found in plants and micro - organisms. ALS catalyzes the first step in the synthesis of the branched - chain amino acids
  • being produced from the breakdown of glycogen. The breakdown of branch chain amino acids yields a carbon skeleton utilized for energy purposes, as well
  • referred to as a functional group or side chain While tyrosine is generally classified as a hydrophobic amino acid it is more hydrophilic than phenylalanine
  • 42: branched - chain - amino - acid transaminase EC 2.6. 1 43: aminolevulinate transaminase EC 2.6. 1 44: alanine - glyoxylate transaminase EC 2.6. 1 45: serine - glyoxylate
  • the neurons is transaminated into α - ketoisocaproate to form the branched - chain amino acid leucine, which is exported to the astrocytes, where the process
  • with the TCA cycle, including the metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids fatty acids cholesterol, and heme, rely on the temporary formation of succinate
  • amino acids If the amino group is removed from an amino acid it leaves behind a carbon skeleton called an α - keto acid Enzymes called transaminases