ⓘ Kievlyanin

                                     

ⓘ Kievlyanin

Kievlyanin was launched by the Russian Empires Southwestern Krai administration, admittedly with a view to promoting the russification of the region. This newspapers credo: "This is the Russian, Russian, Russian land!" was stated in its very first issue by the papers original editor, the Kiev University professor Vitaly Shulgin.

After Shulgins death Dmitry Pikhno took over in 1879. The newspaper which prior to that was coming out three times a week became a daily; now it appealed to the liberals as well as the Russian nationalists and featured a fine literary section. Alexander Kuprin chose Kievlyanin for serializing his 1898 Olesya novelet in it. The respectable theatre critic Izmail Alexandrovsky published there regularly, under the pen name Iz. Alsky.

During and after the 1905 Revolution Kievlyanins position shifted to the right; Vitaly Shulgins stepson Vasily became one of the key contributors and most of its leaders were now members of the Kiev Club of Russian Nationalists, the All-Russian National Union or the Union of the Russian People.

In September 1913 Vasily Shulgin became Kievlyanin s editor-in-chief, and the newspaper started to drift towards the so-called progressive nationalists group led by Anatoly Savenko. It severed ties with the Russian ultra-nationalists who were now accusing the publication of being pro-Jewish and anti-Monarchist. Indeed, unlike all the pro-Monarchist publications, Kievlyanin managed to survive the February Revolution and was closed only in February 1918, as the Ukrainian separatists took over the Central Rada. Shulgin made an attempt to move the publication to the Don region, but the White Army general Mikhail Alekseyev refused to support it.

The Central Powers intervention prompted Shulgin to stop the publication in protest, even if the German occupational authorities asked him to continue. He revived it in the autumn of 1919 after the Volunteer Army stepped into Kiev. "Yes, this Krai is Russian. And we wont give it back neither to the Ukrainian traitors, nor to the Jewish hangmen who drowned the city streets with blood," Shulgin wrote on September 3. In the same issue he warned against pogroms "These villains should be put to justice and this trial will be severe, but the mob law is unacceptable" but as the nightly, so-called quiet pogroms started, Shulgin in his infamous "Torture by Fear" article October, 8 confessed he could understand the feelings of those responsible for pogroms since the Jews had formed the basis for the Bolshevik power.

Kievlyanin folded in December 1919, as the Red Army stepped into Kiev. In 1925 Shulgin made an attempt to revive it in emigration, but failed to find a publisher.