ⓘ Brockmann body

                                     

ⓘ Brockmann body

Brockmann body is an endocrine organ in some teleost fish, and is composed of a collection of islet tissues. The islet tissues are in turn composed of endocrine cells which are the principal sites of insulin synthesis. They are distributed around the spleen and the large intestine. They also secrete other hormones such as glucagon and somatostatin. Hence, Brochmann body is the centre of control of blood glucose level in these fishes. Glucagon is also produced from the intestine, but Brockmann body is the major source. Increased level of glucose stimulate the Brockmann body to release insulin, while inhibiting glucagon. Somatostatin released from Brockmann body inhibits cells to produce insulin and glucagon. In addition it inhibits release of growth hormone from the pituitary. It is named after a German physician Heinrich Brochmann who discovered it in 1848.

Body Brochmann received new attention in medical research, in particular in the management of diabetes type I diabetes. This is because the fabric easy to clean, and your insulin can be easily extracted. In addition, bony fishes can recover their endocrine tissues after harvest, the property of which has complex consequences in human diabetes.

                                     
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