ⓘ Palochka


ⓘ Palochka

The palochka or palotchka is a letter in the Cyrillic script. The letter usually has only a capital form, which is also used in lowercase text. The capital form of the palochka often looks like the capital form of the Cyrillic letter soft-dotted I, the capital form of the Latin letter I, and the lowercase form of the Latin letter L. The letter was introduced in the late 1930s.


1. History

In the early times of the Soviet Union, many of the non-Russian Cyrillic alphabets contained only letters found in the Russian alphabet to keep them compatible with Russian typewriters. Sounds absent from Russian were marked with digraphs and other letter combinations. The palochka was the only exception because the numerical digit 1 was used instead of the letter. In fact, on Russian typewriters, the character looked not like the digit 1 but like the Roman numeral I with serifs. That is still common because the palochka is not present in most standard keyboard layouts or common fonts and so it cannot be easily entered or reliably displayed on many computer systems.


2. Usage

In the alphabets of Abaza, Adyghe, Avar, Dargwa, Ingush, Lak, Lezgian, and Tabassaran, it is a modifier letter which signals the preceding consonant as an ejective or aspirated consonant; this letter has no phonetic value on its own. An exception is the Abkhaz language, which does not use the palochka for rendering aspiration.

In Adyghe, the palochka is also a glottal stop /ʔ/.

  • Example from Kabardian Adyghe dialect: елъэӏуащ, "sea"
  • for various languages of the Caucasus, along with the soft sign and the palochka the hard sign is a modifier letter, used extensively in forming digraphs
  • Cyrillic letter Short I Ј ј : Cyrillic letter Je Ӏ ӏ : Cyrillic letter Palochka Ꙇ ꙇ : Cyrillic letter Iota The dictionary definition of І at Wiktionary
  • Essentially, it is the Russian alphabet plus one additional letter called palochka stick, Ӏ As that letter cannot be typed with common keyboard layouts
  • U 002F see Slash punctuation U 0031 1 Turkish dotless ı, Cyrillic palochka Ӏ. U 0033 3 IPA reversed epsilon ɜ, Cyrillic letter З. U 0034 4 Cyrillic
  • of the basic modern Russian alphabet. Along with the hard sign and the palochka the soft sign is a modifier letter in Caucasian languages and Crimean
  • glottal stop, such as the Hebrew letter aleph א and the Cyrillic letter palochka Ӏ used in several Caucasian languages. Modern Latin alphabets for various
  • Caucasian languages written in the Cyrillic script have a vertical bar called palochka Russian: палочка, little stick indicating the preceding consonant
  • Modern Adyghe uses a Cyrillic alphabet with the addition of the letter Ӏ palochka Previously, Arabic before 1927 and Latin 1927 38 alphabets had been
  • IDN itself is being spoofed, to fake aeïo. While Komi De ԁ shha һ palochka Ӏ and izhitsa ѵ bear strong resemblance to Latin d, h, l and v, these