ⓘ Tourism in Argentina
Argentina is provided with a vast territory and a huge variety of climates and microclimates ranging from tundra and polar in the south to the tropical climate in the north, through a vast expanse of temperate climate and natural wonders like the Aconcagua, the highest mountain in the world outside the Himalayas, the widest river and estuary of the planet, the huge and mighty Iguazu Falls, some of the flattest and wide meadows-plains of planet Earth, culture, customs and cuisines famous internationally, a higher degree of development, good quality of life and people and relatively well prepared infrastructure make this country one of the most visited in America.
Mainly for its beautiful landscapes and then for its cultural heritage, Argentina receives massive numbers of travelers. The Argentine territory stretches from the highest peaks of the Andes in the west to colitis del Norte rivers and extensive beaches and cliffs of Argentine Sea in the east; from the tropical rainforest of the Yungas north to the valleys, glaciers, lakes and cold forests of Andean Patagonia in the south, and to Argentine Antarctica. Through the warm landscapes of tropical climates contrasting, in a huge gradient microclimates, the polar climates or extensive and very fertile grasslands with the World´s most flatter plains contrasting with the highest mountains outside Asia, contrasted with also vast desert areas plethoric of geoforms for the annual running extensive and extreme Dakar rally race, the high mountain ranges, the pleasant Pampeanas mountains and the temperate Atlantic beaches and its extensive coastlines. The huge distances require in most cases air travel. The Misiones rainforest, Argentine Yungas, and areas of the Andean Patagonia are scientifically considered as biodiversity hotspots large areas worldwide. The great biodiversity and a large number of different landscapes and climates make Argentina a diverse country where appear to meet multiple countries together harmoniously.
The country presents an entire range of possible climates: temperate, dry warm, humid warm, cold dry, cold humid, semi-arid, steppe, subantarctic, subtropical, snowy, cold mountain, and a huge variety of microclimates.
Argentina has been upgrading its worldwide presence as a tourism destination by increasing the investment in international tourism. The latest push can be seen by Aerolineas Argentinas, the countrys national airline, adding international routes from the United States and Europe. There are also rumors that they will join a major airline alliance soon.
Argentina has enjoyed the visit of 5.80 million tourists in the year 2011 according to the World Tourism Organization, the first most visited country in South America and the second most visited of all of Latin America, after Mexico.
Foreign tourists mainly come from Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Costa Rica, Mexico, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, United States, Canada, China, South Korea, Japan, Australia, Spain, Italy, France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Portugal and Russia.
1. Main destinations
- City of Buenos Aires is in the midst of a tourism boom, according to the World Travel & Tourism Council, it reveals strong growth for Argentina Travel and Tourism in 2007 and in coming years, and the prestigious travel and tourism publication; Travel + Leisure Magazine, a monthly publication leader in the worldwide market of travel magazines, travelers voted Buenos Aires the second most desirable city to visit after Florence, Italy. Buenos Aires, regarded as the" Paris of South America,” offers elegant architecture, exquisite cuisine, legendary nightlife, and fashionable shopping.
The most popular tourist sites are found in the historic city core, comprising Montserrat and San Telmo. The city was originally constructed around the Plaza de Mayo, the administrative center of the Spanish Empire. To the east of the square is the Casa Rosada, the official seat of the executive branch of the government of Argentina. To the north, the Catedral Metropolitana which has stood in the same location since colonial times, and the Banco de la Nacion Argentina building, a parcel of land originally owned by Juan de Garay. Other important colonial institutions were Cabildo, to the west, which was renovated during the construction of Avenida de Mayo and Julio A. Roca. To the south is the Congreso de la Nacion National Congress, which currently houses the Academia Nacional de la Historia National Academy of History. Lastly, to the northwest, is City Hall.
Avenida de Mayo links the Casa Rosada with the Argentine National Congress. On this avenue there are several buildings of cultural, architectural and historical importance, such as Casa de la Cultura, the Palacio Barolo and Cafe Tortoni. Underneath the avenue, the first subte metro line in South America, was opened in 1913. The avenue ends at Plaza del Congreso, which features a number of monuments and sculptures, including one of Auguste Rodins few surviving original casts of "The Thinker".
The Manzana de las Luces "Illuminated Block" area features the San Ignacio church, the Colegio Nacional Buenos Aires and the old city council building 1894 to 1931. This area features tunnels and catacombs, which crossed underneath the Plaza de Mayo during colonial times. In the neighborhood of San Telmo, Plaza Dorrego hosts an antique fair on Sundays, complete with tango shows. They also have tango shows daily at the famous plaza. On weekends they involve many tourists to learn how to dance. Frequent tours and activities are also available at the Church of Nuestra Señora de Bethlehem, the San Pedro Telmo Parish and the Antonio Ballve Penitentiary Museum. The National Historical Museum in Parque Lezama is a few blocks south. The Ayres Porteños Hostel is a very famous hostel and a tourist attraction, it is decorated and painted by artists from La Boca and possesses a unique collection of local paintings among its walls.
The borough of Recoleta is home to a number of places of interest, including the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, the Biblioteca Nacional, the Centro Cultural Recoleta, the Faculty of Law of the Universidad de Buenos Aires, the Basilica Nuestra Señora de Pilar, the Palais de Glace, the Cafe La Biela and the Cementerio de la Recoleta, where Eva Perons crypt can be visited, among those of many other Argentine historical and cultural figures.
- Iguazu Falls, located in the northeast, area of subtropical forest, on the border with Brazil are one of the worlds natural wonders, has good infrastructure development and touristic with very different walks. Lined with dense forests, the Iguazu river flows into 275 waterfalls, plunging more than 70 meters with a deafening noise over 2.7 km. As this huge volume of water reaches the bottom, the spray rises, and rainbows are formed in the sky. A variety of the original fauna and flora completes the setting for the waterfalls within the protection of the Iguazu National Park. This park, located eighteen kilometers from Puerto Iguazu, was declared Natural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. The famous falls are inside this park. The frontier with Brazil goes through the Garganta del Diablo Devils Throat. The National Park is full of the exotic subtropical vegetation which surrounds the falls and has 2.000 plant species - gigantic trees, ferns, lianas, orchids, - 400 bird species - parrots, hummingbirds, toucans - jaguars and yacares caimans from the area. Its most impressive fall is called Garganta del Diablo. Other important is called Dos Hermanas, Bossetti or Alvar Nuñez in honor of its discoverer, Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca.
- Salta is a city of colonial architecture with tourist attractions such as as: Quebrada de San Lorenzo, Calchaqui Valleys, Reservoir Cabra Corral Embalse General Belgrano, Cafayate, Salinas Grandes, Iruya step bound by the Quebrada de Humahuaca and Purmamarca Cachi through the Cuesta del Obispo Molinos, La Caldera, Los Cardones National Park, El Rey National Park or Baritu National Pand the hrk, hot springs of Rosario de la Frontera. The Tren a las Nubes is a train ride through the area of the Puna. Puna, a land full of mountain ranges, steep mountain paths, valleys, and gorges. Villages have been built in the small valleys with multi-colored and monochromatic hills covered with huge cacti on the slopes surrounding the village. This region offers landscapes full of contrast, from the high peaks to the salt pans, and the subtropical rain forests, where Latin American culture took root, located in the Northern provinces. In Northern provinces feature traces of pre-Columbian cultures, mingled with ruins of natives’ villages, as well as forts and constructions dating back to the time of the Conquest and Colonization. The service of this train was interrupted momentarily in July 2005 for repairs, reactivated quickly. Currently, the final destination is the city of San Antonio de Los Cobres. The whole Northern provinces combine natural attractions with suitable areas for diverse activities such as mountaineering, trekking, horseback riding, mountain biking, ecotourism, bird-watching, rural tourism, archaeological trips, sailing, canoeing and windsurfing.
- Bariloche: This city is the capital of the southern lakes and important part of the tourist circuit of the Seven Lakes with Villa La Angostura and mountains. It is famous for skiing but also great for family trips for older children and sight-seeing, water sports, winter sports, fishing, windsurfing, trekking or hiking, climbing, camping in the Andean forest, sky diving, boat tours and private boats, horseback riding and scuba diving and more. Cerro Catedral is one of the most important ski centers in South America. Today, thanks to the investments of entrepreneurs and of municipality has a large tourist flow throughout the year. Also it make similar activities in San Martin de los Andes, Junin de los Andes, El Bolson, Esquel, Trevelin, Los Antiguos activities are also developed Copahue, Caviahue.
- Perito Moreno Glacier, a part of Southern Patagonian Ice Field is a huge glacier that bisects the Argentino Lake and cyclically locks until it produces the breaking of the ice plug. It is located in the Los Glaciares National Park near the Argentine Patagonian city of El Calafate. In any season of the year continuous landslides of huge blocks of ice are produced from massive glaciers forming beautiful icebergs in Argentine lakes. The Perito Moreno Glacier and its neighbors is framed by a landscape of rugged mountains like the Chalten and large lakes.
- Ushuaia, The southernmost city in the world, in Tierra del Fuego, typical destination of the south of the country, attracts visitors with a very important tourist with excursions and gastronomy. North of the island, the city of Rio Grande is attracted by the old neighborhood of wooden houses painted varied or subtly and by excellent trout fishing. Further south, it is famous railway from Ushuaia and reaches the Tierra del Fuego National Park, bayside of Lapataia. Cruises are also offered by the Beagle Channel, observing colonies of South American sea lions, and a visit to Lighthouse Les Eclareurs, the beautiful Lake Fagnano or Kami or almost inaccessible Staten Island where is the Lighthouse of the End of the World, the landscape of Fueguan forests takes an almost magical appearance during the austral autumn to be covered with reddish the foliage of the dense forests.
- Sierras de Cordoba, A mountain range of mild climate and landscapes ranging from the bucolic and wild, there are the main tourist centers: Villa General Belgrano and La Cumbrecita, touristic towns with large central European influence in the Sierras de Cordoba. Other major cities are Villa Carlos Paz, Cosquin, La Falda, Capilla del Monte, Mina Clavero, Jesus Maria or the Great Salt Lake of Mar Chiquita. The Unidad Turistica Embalse is the destination of social tourism. the Cordoba Province It has little towns, historical antiques and cave paintings are found in a pleasant valley landscape, high plains and gorges. The City of Cordoba also has a great tourist attraction, especially in its valuable building of colonial period or in its urban landscapes. It also has a very good tourist infrastructure with major 5 star hotels, shopping centers of excellence, as well as highlights in the field of gastronomy and fun. The city of Cordoba is one of the most picturesque of Argentina because it has a historical center with beautiful Baroque Colonial architecture mixed with tall modern buildings that give the city a great tourist attraction. With many contrasting features - it is both a cultural and tourist-like destination, a traditional and modern city, with an industrialized as well as a home-made production. Large portions of landscape and favorable weather conditions are distinctive in Cordoba, natural sceneries are mixed with colonial monuments. They are part of the" Sierras pampeanas” mountain range, reaching 2.790 m high in the Champaqui hill. These hills are fertile valleys, deserts and salt mines. All along the way northward, many 17th and 18th century chapels and farmhouses inherited from the Jesuits can be found.
The Jesuit estancias large cattle ranches in Cordoba are a singular sample of the productive organization of the religious members of Compañia de Jesus in the country, and this can still be seen in a preserved architecture. Though history demonstrated that the farms were acquired for economic purposes in order to support schools and universities, the estancias were of course used" for missionary purposes, thus turning into religious centers.” Estancias in Jesus Maria, Caroya, Santa Catalina, La Candelaria and Alta Gracia can be visited along a 250 km circuit. These farms that date back to the 17th century - together with the Jesuit Block in the City of Cordoba - are all national historical monuments that were declared World Cultural Heritage in 2000.
- Ischigualasto, also known as The Moon Valley, offers a strange landscape where the scarcity of vegetation and the more varied range vegetation of its soils plus the unusual forms of its rocks geoforms and mountains, make this a favorite place for tourists, both domestic and foreign. This provincial park, declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO, is located at the northern end of the province of San Juan. It is also a major paleontological center became famous because it is the only place where it can be seen completely exposed and perfectly differentiated the whole Triassic period as complete and orderly, where the oldest fossils in the world were found. The Moon Valley, so named because of the diverse forms and colours of its landscape shaped by erosion, continues in the Argentinian province of La Rioja with the Talampaya National Park. The Talampaya River Canyon reveals multi-shaped layers in its high red walls. Pink flamingos, Andean ducks," vicuñas” and" guanacos” cohabit freely in parks and natural reserves, while condors fly over the area.
The Quebrada de Humahuaca, the Calchaqui Valleys, the Puna de Atacama, Ischigualasto, Talampaya, the Aconcagua, Caviahue and Copahue, near snow-capped mountains with temperate rainforests and glacial lakes; Andean Patagonic national parks, etc. constitute the tourist corridor called the Andean Footprint Huella Andina which is largely covered by National Route 40.
1.1. Main destinations Other destinations
Mar del Plata is a tourist city with huge beaches on the Atlantic and the other beaches on the Argentine Atlantic Coast such as Necochea, Carilo, Villa Gesell, Monte Hermoso, Pehuen-Co, Las Grutas in Rio Negro, Rada Tilly in Chubut; the Aconcagua 6.959 m, the highest peak in America. Its steep slopes are renowned and respected by mountain climbers worldwide. Las Leñas; Talampaya, of great geological interest; San Rafael heart of Mendoza, where the best wines in Argentina are made, with its imposing Atuel Canyon, the valleys of Barreal of Iglesia, in San Juan highlighting the adventure tourism. Whales-watching in Puerto Madryn on the coast of Argentine Patagonia. Other very attractive destinations are the valley of Tafi in Tucuman, ancient populations of Yavi and Iruya, the ruins of ancient pre-Columbian cities like Tastil, Tilcara, Shincal, the Pucara of Aconquija, a fort built by the humahuacas. In La Rioja, the path of Riojan warlords, with Olta and Malanzan as main cities. In the first are monuments to Chacho Penaloza and the tango Caminito, inspired there, while in Malanzan is the birthplace of Facundo Quiroga. It can also visit the oldest city in Argentina, the mother of cities Santiago del Estero, between the city Santiago del Estero halfway to San Miguel de Tucuman is located one of the most famous tourist destinations of mild winter in Argentina: the Hot springs of Rio Hondo.
Are very attractive traditional events like the fair of Simoca in Tucuman, the Fiesta of the Lord and the Virgin of the Miracle in Salta or the pilgrimages to Lujan and Punta Corral in Jujuy, the parade of faith to the Difunta Correa. An ample diversity of natural landscapes and dramatic contrasts such as the densely vegetated Yunga forests, or the mountains, hills and brooks of the Calchaqui Valleys, provide great conditions for fishing for sport fishing. Sport fishing of sea and river. For it part -it has been said- Ushuaia is a privileged access to the Argentine Antarctica, the picturesque Route of the Adobe and the Taton Dunes in the Province of Catamarca; rugged adventure tourism in the provinces of Santiago del Estero and La Pampa or in the Yungas and Calchaqui Valleys, the high Andean desert and jungles of Chaco, the northern Entre Rios Montiel Forest and Misiones.
The Province of Buenos Aires is the most populous and largest province of Argentina if territorial claims in the Antarctica and South Atlantic islands are not taken into account. The nations rail and road network fans out from Buenos Aires and into the province, the area centered on the Pampas. This region is characterized by its estancias large cattle ranches the oldest of them being featured in architectural styles, located in the middle of the Pampas. The province is also known by its many and different beaches in the coast of the Atlantic Ocean the most visited being Mar del Plata. The hilly region of Tandil and Ventana offers golf courses, paragliding rides and trekking. They are very different landscapes from each other and distant from the mouth of the Parana River, which islands are also visited by tourists.
Many ruins of the ancient Jesuit missions - some of which have been covered by the jungle - are located near Posadas. The most well-known ruins are in San Ignacio Mini, 56 km away from the province’s capital. The ones in Candelaria, Loreto, Santa Ana and Santa Maria are also very interesting. These Jesuit reductions were declared World Heritage by the UNESCO.
Fifty kilometers to the north of Colon lies El Palmar National Park, housing the last samples of Yatay palm trees, which are almost eight centuries old. The city of Concordia is connected to the city of Salto Uruguay through the Salto Grande hydroelectric plant.
The Esteros del Ibera, a humid zone of 700.000 hectares can be reached from Posadas, Concepcion or Mercedes. In Guarani, Ibera means "Shining water". Its lagoons cover 31.500 hectares, its marshlands 52.000, and its inlands 260.000. This eco-system which gives life to turtles, yacares caimans, monkeys, swamp deer, capybaras - the largest rodent in the world - and up to 400 bird species, besides an extraordinary flora, extends over one million hectares.
The city of Rosario lies on the banks of the Parana River in the Province of Santa Fe. It has developed into an industrial and commercial center and destination for a significant number of people on business. On its riverside promenade stands the Monumento Nacional la Bandera National Monument to the Flag, where the Argentine National Flag was raised for the first time. Parque Independencia has statues, a racecourse, and the Provincial History Museum.
Punta Tombo is a coastal location where abundant wildlife congregates-specifically the seasonal breeding ground of large numbers of Magellanic penguins.
Peninsula Valdes is widely considered to be one of the best places in the world for the observation of wildlife, mainly sea mammals. Although southern right whales are the main attraction elephant seals, sea lions, Magellanic penguins and orcas are also well represented.
Laguna del Carbon the lowest geographical point in the Americas, Mount Fitz Roy, and the Petrified Forests National Monument, as well as the vast patagonian plateau.
2. Main circuits
Overall Argentina has the following tourist circuits north to south:
- The Eastern Patagonia or outAndean: large region of plateaus, mountains, canyons, moors and steppes whose coastline has high cliffs, gulfs, peninsulas where seabirds abound especially penguins pinnipeds, and whales.
- The Pampas: a vast plain of temperate climate crossed by million cattle, dotted with numerous lakes and possessing a long coastline with long sandy beaches and dunes where thriving cities and seaside villages.
- The Argentine Northwest, with contrasting landscapes like walking the Tren a las Nubes train to the clouds the arid and the cold of high embellished by curious landforms, saline, alkaline lakes where abound flamingos, geysers and high volcanoes, the transition zone of Valleys and Quebradas with mild climates as for cultivation of vine in Cafayate and good vegetation and, further east the dense rainforest called the Yungas. The spectacular cuestas as Obispo in Salta or the Portezuelo, Piedras Blancas and Capillitas in Catamarca or the Miranda in the Argentine province of La Rioja.
- The Argentine Northeast that is characterized by its warm subtropical climate, its dense forests, parks, wetlands marshes, large rivers with abundant fishing and big waterfalls.
- The circuit of Cuyo with the highest mountains of America, rugged landscapes, ice formations like Los Penitentes, caves and caverns, large volcanic extensions as in the Payun, ski resorts or pleasant valleys where stand crops temperate fruits, olive trees and vines.
- The sphere of the Sierras de Cordoba and San Luis, with Mediterranean climate-type and abundant natural attractions.
- The Western Patagonia and more precisely Andean Patagonia, with beautiful landscapes who meet mountains always snowy, ice fields, glaciers, cold forests, large and deep lakes of glacial origin and very running rivers, winter sports centers and beautiful "alpine" aspect towns.
Carnivals in Argentina are very important and usually take place during the last days of February before the lent, at a time that remains still quite summer in the Southern Hemisphere. Almost every carnival in Argentina comes from European carnivals in Spain and Italy, so it is spoken in them of murgas and corsos, with its masquerades and cabezudos although there have also influences of African elements from colonial times the rate of drum in the murgas is almost obviously of African origin, and in the Quebrada de Humahuaca in the northern province of Jujuy and in the small town of Chamical in Argentine La Rioja are held a "carnavalito" and a "chaya" more influenced by Andean American Indians. During the second half of the 20th century the cities of the province of Corrientes mainly Paso de los Libres and the Province of Entre Rios have had a strong influence from the Rio carnival in Brazil the same way as the Carnival de Rio in San Luis generally celebrated on the banks of Potrero de los Funes Lake in Province of San Luis.
4. World Heritage
These are the UNESCOs World Heritage Sites in Argentina:
- Peninsula Valdes 1999
- Iguazu National Park 1984
- Quebrada de Humahuaca 2003
- Cave of the Hands 1999
- Ischigualasto / Talampaya National Parks 2000
- Jesuit reductions: San Ignacio Mini, Nuestra Señora de Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria la Mayor 1984
- Los Alerces National Park 2017
- Jesuit Block and Estancias of Cordoba 2000
- Los Glaciares National Park 1981
5. Useful information
90% of tourists come to Ministro Pistarini International Airport in Ezeiza, 35 km from Buenos Aires, but to continue the journey to some of the destinations of the interior must move to Aeroparque Jorge Newbery center of Buenos Aires, it is desirable that the trip or transfer between the two airports is included in the ticket.
- Gratuitys: in Argentina no is mandatory tip, however, is a habitual gesture, considering that the attention was correct then tip around 10% of what is consumed. In taxis and remises tip are a few extra pesos with the cost of the ticket. In bars, restaurants, cinemas, hotels and theaters around 5% to 10% of the cost of consumption or service.
- It is not suitable to do exhibit large amounts of cash or jewelry.
- Exchange: To date October 2014 there official change and one parallel called "blue" that is higher. At the airport there is a branch of Banco de la Nacion Argentina although a convenient way to get pesos is an automated teller machine. As much of the world now uses currencies that can be changed are the USD US dollar and euro, then followed the real, the pound sterling and yen in 2014 almost any other foreign currency is accepted for the usual change in Argentina. The best option in 2014 is to change dollar bills for pesos at exchange houses from late 2012 to late August there is a large disparity between the official rate of the dollar in Argentina which ranges between 8.50 Argentine pesos by US dollar and in the black market the price is called "dollar blue" euphemism for dollar of black market that comes to be around 15 pesos per US dollar, but it is inadvisable the clandestine change as many tourists that change with arbolitos currency changers out of the legal system are often cheated with counterfeit currency or directly be assaulted.
- Gastronomy: The national infusion is the mate, followed by coffee. The fastest and most popular street food is the choripan, which is a sandwich which uses chorizo in a cooked criollo style in situ on a grill using "French bread" In Argentina, French bread refers to white bread with wheat flour, the cooked chorizo of the choripan is flavored with the typical chimichurri. Another fast food available in almost all bars and restaurants is the "lomito" which is a hot beef sandwich attached with lettuce leaves, slices of tomato, etc.; but more common is the sandwich of milanesa, similar to the above but with the flesh overflowing in breadcrumbs and egg and then fried. The "bife" or the "costeleta" or the most succulent "bife de chorizo" are based on roast beef or hot griddle, which is usually accompanied by french fries, mashed potatoes or salads. The "Asado" or "barbecue" includes several cuts of meat on the grill, but offals or visceral as kidney and gut are not necessarily please the consumer is not accustomed. Also consume roasted goat meat, chicken and pork. Pastas as noodle, dumplings and ravioli are very accessible dishes and derivatives large influx of Italian immigration. In the main cities of Argentina abound pizzerias which can be consumed, along with other dishes, pizzas in some cases very different from the typical Italian pizzas some Italian travelers object that generally the Argentine Neapolitan pizza is not made with real mozzarella of buffalo but with Argentine musarela based on sheeps milk or even based on cow milk, plus pizzerias are very common the ice cream shops also tend to inherit the styles of the Italian gelateries. Other very common "boliches" in the Argentine cities are the cafes and cafetines Spanish heritage but also with strong Italian influences and breweries. In some places, mainly in towns of Argentine Northwest and of Cuyo can be found pulperias and "peñas" in where predominates the Criollo folk food: asados, empanadas, tamales, locro, such establishments, especially if they are "peñas", often have presentations of Argentine folk music and even tango. Higher level restaurants and confectionery have a very complete menu with dishes more sophisticated. The wines are generally very good and economic.
6. Ethical traveler destination
Argentina has been included in 2010, 2011 and 2012 in the list of "The Developing Worlds 10 Best Ethical Destinations". This is an annual ranking produced by Ethical Traveler magazine, which is based on a study of developing nations from around the world to identify the best tourism destinations among them. The benchmarking uses categories such as environmental protection, social welfare, and human rights.
7. Safety and security
The U.S. Department of State warns travelers in Argentina that "drivers frequently ignore traffic laws and vehicles often travel at excessive speeds. traffic accidents are the primary threat to life and limb in Argentina." Argentina has the highest traffic mortality rate in South America, with Argentine drivers causing 20 deaths each day about 7.000 a year, with more than 120.000 people injured or maimed each year. These deaths have included tourists from various parts of the world.