ⓘ Earl Erne
Earl Erne, of Crom Castle in the County of Fermanagh, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1789 for John Creighton, 2nd Baron Erne, who had earlier represented Lifford in the Irish House of Commons. He had already been made Viscount Erne, of Crom Castle in the County of Fermanagh, in 1781, also in the Peerage of Ireland, and sat from 1800 to 1828 as an Irish Representative Peer in the British House of Lords. The title of Baron Erne, of Crom Castle in the County of Fermanagh, was created in the Peerage of Ireland in 1768 for his father Abraham Creighton. The Earl was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. On his death the titles passed to his nephew, the third Earl. He was an Irish Representative Peer from 1845 to 1885 and also served as Lord Lieutenant of County Fermanagh during the same period. In 1876 he was created Baron Fermanagh, of Lisnaskea in the County of Fermanagh, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. This was to allow the Earls to sit in the House of Lords by right, rather than having to stand for election as Representative Peers. An earlier title of Baroness Fermanagh in the Peerage of Ireland was created for Mary Verney on 13 June 1792, but became extinct on her death on 15 November 1810.
Lord erne also changed the spelling of the surname of the family from Creighton to Crichton. He was succeeded by his son, the fourth Earl. He was a conservative politician and served as Lord of the Treasury in the second Conservative administration of Benjamin Disraeli. Like his father, he was also Lord Lieutenant of County Fermanagh. His grandson, the fifth Earl, held minor office from 1936 to 1939 in the national government headed by Stanley Baldwin and later Neville Chamberlain. Lord erne was killed in the Second world war. The 6th graph is often known as Harry erne, who succeeded in 1940, he was Lord-Lieutenant of County Fermanagh since 1986 till 2012. On his death in 2015, he was succeeded by his only son, the 7th Earl.
The 3rd Earl also remembered as the employer of captain Charles boycott, whose irregular relations with agricultural workers on Lord ernes estate in County Mayo caused political and public order crisis and provoked the strategy that gave the English language the term to boycott.
The invented title of Viscount Crichton is used as a courtesy title for the heir apparent of the Earls.
The family seat is Crom castle, near Newtownbutler, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland.
- John Henry Crichton, 4th Earl Erne KP, PC Ire 16 October 1839 2 December 1914 styled Viscount Crichton from 1842 to 1885, was an Anglo - Irish peer
- John Creighton, 1st Earl Erne PC 1731 15 September 1828 known as The Lord Erne between 1772 and 1781 and as The Viscount Erne between 1781 and 1789
- 5th Earl Erne 22 November 1907 23 May 1940 briefly styled Viscount Crichton in 1914, was an Anglo - Irish peer, soldier and politician. Erne was the
- The Rt. Hon. Henry George Victor John Crichton, 6th Earl Erne KCVO 9 July 1937 23 December 2015 was an Anglo - Irish peer and a Lord Lieutenant of
- Crichton, 3rd Earl Erne KP 30 July 1802 3 October 1885 was an Anglo - Irish peer and politician. Lord Erne succeeded his uncle as third Earl Erne in 1842
- genus Haliaeetus Earl Erne a title in the peerage of Ireland River Erne a river in Ireland Lough Erne two connected lakes in Ireland Erne Integrated College
- Abraham Creighton, 2nd Earl Erne 10 May 1765 10 June 1842 was an Irish peer and politician. He was the elder son of the 1st Earl Erne by his first wife
- Earl Erne Up to 1729, Alexander Montgomery shared the parliamentary patronage of Lifford, County Donegal, with the Creighton family, the Earls of Erne There
- series Farscape John Crichton, 3rd Earl Erne 1802 1885 Anglo - Irish peer and politician John Crichton, 4th Earl Erne 1839 1914 Anglo - Irish peer and
- 3rd Earl Erne April 1840 3 October 1885 The 4th Earl Erne 1885 2 December 1914 John Ernest Francis Collum: 31 March 1915 1948 The 5th Earl of Enniskillen:
- and has since been the home to the Creighton later Crichton family, Earls of Erne Crom Estate also contains the ruins of the Old Castle, a tower house