ⓘ 27th Academy Awards

                                     

ⓘ 27th Academy Awards

The 27th Academy Awards honored the best films released in 1954. The Best Picture winner, On the Waterfront, was produced by Sam Spiegel and directed by Elia Kazan. It had twelve nominations and eight wins, matching two other films, Gone with the Wind and From Here to Eternity, though those each had thirteen nominations.

On the Waterfront was the third film to receive five acting nominations, and the first to receive three in the Best Supporting Actor category. A "rematch" occurred in the category of Best Actor between Marlon Brando and Humphrey Bogart following Bogarts upset victory three years earlier. In a surprise win Bing Crosby was the favored nominee, Brando received his first Oscar for his performance in On the Waterfront, which is now seen as one of the most justified upsets in Oscar history. The win was a culmination of four consecutive Best Actor nominations for Brando starting with A Streetcar Named Desire in 1951, a record that remains unmatched to this day.

Grace Kelly won Best Actress for The Country Girl in another upset. Judy Garland, who was heavily favored to win Best Actress for the movie A Star Is Born, could not attend the ceremony as she had only recently given birth to her third child. Cameras were set up in her room so she could express her thanks in the likely case of her winning. Groucho Marx later sent her a telegram expressing that her loss was "the biggest robbery since Brinks".

Another major upset was the title song from the 20th Century Fox film Three Coins in the Fountain winning the Best Song award over "The Man That Got Away" from A Star Is Born.

Dorothy Dandridge became the first African American actress to receive a nomination for Best Actress.

                                     

1. Awards

Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.

Academy Honorary Awards

  • Vincent Winter "for his outstanding juvenile performance in The Little Kidnappers
  • Danny Kaye "for his unique talents, his service to the Academy, the motion picture industry, and the American people".
  • Greta Garbo "for her unforgettable screen performances".
  • Jon Whiteley "for his outstanding juvenile performance in The Little Kidnappers
  • Kemp R. Niver "for the development of the Renovare Process which has made possible the restoration of the Library of Congress Paper Film Collection".
  • Bausch and Lomb Optical "for their contributions to the advancement of the motion picture industry".
                                     

2.1. Presenters and performers Presenters

  • Humphrey Bogart Presenter: Best Cinematography, Black-and-White
  • William Holden Presenter: Best Actress
  • Katy Jurado Presenter: Best Cinematography, Color
  • Charles Brackett Presenter: Honorary Awards
  • Lauren Bacall Presenter: Scientific and Technical Awards
  • Lee J. Cobb Presenter: Best Special Effects
  • Grace Kelly Presenter: Documentary Awards
  • Audrey Hepburn, Karl Malden, and Claire Trevor Presenters: Writing Awards
  • Buddy Adler Presenter: Best Picture
  • Dorothy Dandridge Presenter: Best Film Editing
  • Frank Sinatra Presenter: Best Supporting Actress
  • Edmond OBrien, Eva Marie Saint, and Rod Steiger Presenters: Short Subjects Awards
  • Bette Davis Presenter: Best Actor
  • Marlon Brando Presenter: Best Director
  • Tom Tully Presenter: Best Sound Recording
  • Merle Oberon Presenter: Honorary Awards - Juvenile Performances
  • Jean Marie Ingels Presenter: Best Foreign Language Film
  • Donna Reed Presenter: Best Supporting Actor
  • Bing Crosby Presenter: Music Awards
  • Nina Foch and Jane Wyman Presenters: Costume Design Awards
  • Dan OHerlihy and Jan Sterling Presenters: Art Direction Awards
                                     

2.2. Presenters and performers Performers

  • Peggy King "Count Your Blessings Instead of Sheep" from White Christmas
  • David Rose musical director
  • Rosemary Clooney "The Man That Got Away" from A Star Is Born
  • Johnny Desmond and Muzzy Marcellino "The High and the Mighty" from The High and the Mighty
  • Tony Martin "Hold My Hand" from Susan Slept Here
  • Dean Martin "Three Coins in the Fountain" from Three Coins in the Fountain
                                     
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