ⓘ 42nd Academy Awards

                                     

ⓘ 42nd Academy Awards

The 42nd Academy Awards were presented April 7, 1970, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, California. For the second year in a row, there was no official host. Awards were presented by seventeen "Friends of Oscar": Bob Hope, John Wayne, Barbra Streisand, Fred Astaire, Jon Voight, Myrna Loy, Clint Eastwood, Raquel Welch, Candice Bergen, James Earl Jones, Katharine Ross, Cliff Robertson, Ali MacGraw, Barbara McNair, Elliott Gould, Claudia Cardinale, and Elizabeth Taylor. This was the first Academy Awards ceremony to be broadcast via satellite to an international audience, but only outside North America. Mexico and Brazil were the sole countries to broadcast the event live.

This is currently the highest rated of the televised Academy Awards ceremonies, according to Nielsen ratings.

Midnight Cowboy became the first – and so far, the only – X-rated film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. Its rating has since been downgraded to R. The previous year had seen the only G-rated film to win Best Picture, Carol Reeds Oliver!.

They Shoot Horses, Dont They? set an Oscar record by receiving nine nominations without one for Best Picture.

This was the last time until the 68th Academy Awards wherein none of the four acting winners had appeared in Best Picture nominees, as well as the first time where every acting nomination, as well as every major nominated film, was in color.

                                     

1. The ceremony

This was the first Academy Award ceremony intended to be broadcast via satellite worldwide, but according to Klaus Lehmann, a foreign sales executive of the ABC television network, in addition to Canada and Mexico broadcasting the event since 1953, but only live since 1964, only two South American countries, Chile and Brazil, roughly in the Oscars time zone, were interested in the live coverage. The Chilean television rights to the Oscars were sold by ABC International to Television Nacional de Chile while the Brazilian rights were sold to TV Tupi. The latter countrys rights to the TV broadcast of the Oscars were moved to a joint venture of TV Bandeirantes and TV Record. Starting in 1974, the Brazilian TV rights to the Oscars were sold by NBC which had acquired the TV rights to the Awards from ABC to be broadcast for a five-year period until 1975, when they returned to ABC for the next years Awards to Rede Globo. An early attempt to change the Academy Awards presentations start time to 1 p.m. to fit European television audiences was rejected by AMPAS executives. Since at the time television standards conversion was difficult, about 50 other countries did not broadcast the event live. In Europe, most TV broadcasters signed off at midnight, thus the Oscars were not broadcast live and were recorded on film and then shipped to broadcasters with a minimum 4-day delay from the awards broadcast date.

                                     

2.1. Winners and nominees Presenters

  • Fred Astaire Presenter: Best Supporting Actress and Documentary Awards
  • Katharine Ross Presenter: Best Supporting Actor and Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
  • Bob Hope Presenter: Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award and Documentary Awards
  • John Wayne Presenter: Best Cinematography
  • Barbara McNair Presenter: Best Original Score for a Motion Picture Non-Musical)
  • Jon Voight Presenter: Best Art Direction and Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
  • Raquel Welch Presenter: Best Special Visual Effects
  • Elizabeth Taylor Presenter: Best Picture
  • Myrna Loy Presenter: Best Short Subjects, Best Art Direction and Best Director
  • Claudia Cardinale Presenter: Best Film Editing and Best Foreign Language Film
  • James Earl Jones Presenter: Best Film Editing and Best Story and Screenplay Based on Factual Material or Material Not Previously Published or Produced
  • Barbra Streisand Presenter: Best Actor
  • Clint Eastwood Presenter: Best Foreign Language Film
  • Ali MacGraw Presenter: Best Story and Screenplay Based on Factual Material or Material Not Previously Published or Produced
  • Candice Bergen Presenter: Best Sound, Best Costume Design and Best Song Original for the Picture
  • Frank Sinatra Presenter: Honorary Award to Cary Grant
  • Cliff Robertson Presenter: Best Actress, Best Original Score for a Motion Picture Not a Musical & Short Subjects Awards)
  • Elliott Gould Presenter: Best Sound
                                     

2.2. Winners and nominees Performers

  • Lou Rawls "Jean" from The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie
  • B.J. Thomas "Raindrops Keep Fallin On My Head" from Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
  • Glen Campbell "True Grit" from True Grit
  • Fred Astaire untitled impromptu dance following presentation of the documentary awards
  • The Sandpipers "Come Saturday Morning" from The Sterile Cuckoo
  • Michel Legrand "What Are You Doing the Rest of Your Life?" from The Happy Ending