ⓘ Renal angina

                                     

ⓘ Renal angina

Renal angina is a clinical methodology to risk stratify patients for the development of persistent and severe acute kidney injury. The composite of risk factors and early signs of injury for AKI, renal angina is used as a clinical adjunct to help optimize the use of novel AKI biomarker testing. The term angina from Latin and from the Greek ẚnkhone are utilized in the context of AKI to denote the development of injury and the choking off of kidney function. Unlike angina pectoris, commonly caused due to ischemia of the heart muscle secondary to coronary artery occlusion or vasospasm, renal angina carries no obvious physical symptomatology. Renal angina was derived as a conceptual framework to identify evolving AKI. Like acute coronary syndrome which precedes or is a sign of a heart attack, renal angina is used as a herald sign for a kidney attack. Detection of renal angina is performed by calculating the renal angina index.

                                     
  • artery stenosis Angina coronary artery stenosis Carotid artery stenosis which predispose to strokes and transient ischaemic episodes Renal artery stenosis
  • dating back to Ancient Egypt, to treat a variety of maladies including: renal colic, kidney stones, coronary disease, bronchial asthma, vitiligo, and
  • syndrome 412 Old myocardial infarction 413 Angina pectoris 413.0 Angina decubitus 413.1 Prinzmetal angina 414 Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease
  • Trimetazidine is a drug for angina pectoris sold under many brand names. Trimetazidine is described as the first cytoprotective anti - ischemic agent developed
  • infarction in high - risk patients Smith Magenis syndrome Stable or Unstable Angina due to its partial agonist or ISA activity Acebutolol may not be suitable
  • beyond angina International Journal of Cardiology. 227: 556 564. doi: 10.1016 j.ijcard.2016.10.102. PMID 27838121. Cardiovascular and Renal Drugs Advisory
  • demonstrated consistent positive outcomes in patients with stable angina unstable angina UA non - ST segment elevation myocardial infarction NSTEMI
  • I20 Angina pectoris I20.0 Unstable angina I20.1 Angina pectoris with documented spasm Prinzmetal s angina I20.8 Other forms of angina pectoris
  • ischaemic heart disease myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, documented silent ischaemia, Prinzmetal s angina or severe hypertension and uncontrolled mild
  • Schinkel AF, et al. December 2005 Risk stratification of patients with angina pectoris by stress 99mTc - tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion imaging Journal
  • hypertension, tachycardia, headache, dizzyness, drowsiness and symptoms similar to angina pectoris. Severe allergic reactions are rare. Eletriptan is contraindicated
  • prescription NSAIDs, such as Merck s Vioxx. Other reported side - effects were angina and Stevens Johnson syndrome. Pfizer first acknowledged cardiovascular risks