ⓘ Gastald

                                     

ⓘ Gastald

A gastald was a Lombard official in charge of some portion of the royal demesne with civil, martial, and judicial powers. By the Edictum Rothari of 643, the gastalds were given the civil authority in the cities and the reeves the like authority in the countryside. Under the Lombard dominion, territories were delimited by giudicati or "judgments" among the several gastalds. From the immediate region of Parma and of Piacenza, numerous such giudicati survive, which cover the range of Lombard rule. The documents follow the same formalized structure, of which one between the gastald Daghiberto and the gastald Immo was adjudged by Adaloald, at Ticino, November 615.

As paid officials with direct allegiance to the roving Lombard kings, whose place was nominally in Pavia, gastalds were often in conflict with the princes, the great Lombard territorial magnate, who pursued a policy of autonomy. In the 9th century, the powers of the gastalds were transferred mainly administrative. The title gradually disappeared over the last century in the Lombard power, surviving only in a few cases, especially in the afternoon, where Ducal Lombard power continued for another two hundred years, for example at Capua, which was included in the Lombard Duchy of Benevento and where the column name left gastald as at the end of the 9th century, when Landulf began to establish their independence. When Benevento was divided into the 851 after decades of civil war, it was made divying up gastaldates, sixteen to the New Principality of Salerno, sixteen to stay with Benevento and one Acerenza should be divided between them.

About 1200, in his Magna derivationes, Uguccione of Pisa included gastradeus given the meaning rector loci ", the "administrator of a place".

In Milan, the institution of Gastaldi endured to the Cathedral Chapter until the end of the middle Ages. In the Arsenal of Venice, the Gastaldi endured to the arrival of Napoleon, in the form of brotherhoods of craftsmen in the shipyards, the sign of the Guild of carpenters, painted under the direction of Misier Zachariah dAntonio in 1517 and renewed in 1753, under the gastaldia of Francesco Zanotto gastaldo and the company, is in the Museum of the history of Venice, Venice.

In old high German, gastaldus came to denote a steward. Castaldy appears in middle English with the abstract value "manual" for a specific function, however, remains alien to the Anglo-Saxon or Norman institutions.

                                     
  • Principality of Capua. The gastalds or counts of Capua were vassals of the princes of Benevento until the early 840s, when Gastald Landulf began to clamour
  • his own death. Before becoming the Prince of Benevento, he had been the gastald of Acerenza. On the assassination of Grimoald IV, Sico succeeded to the
  • years and ten months from 882 to his death. He was a son of Landenulf, gastald of Teano, and grandson of Landulf I of Capua. In 879, when Landulf II died
  • Capua. He married his daughter to Landulf, gastald of Suessola, son of Lando I of Capua. With the gastald he sent his sons Gregory and Caesar to sack
  • cement the alliance, Lando married his second - eldest son Landulf, the gastald of Suessola, to Sergius daughter. During the minorities of Princes Sico
  • Landulf I c. 795 843 called the Old, was the first gastald of Capua of his illustrious family, which would rule Capua until 1058. According to the
  • Middle Ages it was a gastaldate in the Principality of Salerno. In 973 the gastald city - bsed Lombard royal domain district adùinsitrator and judge Landulf
  • Landulf I may refer to: Landulf I of Capua c. 795 843 called the Old, first gastald of Capua Landulf I of Benevento died 943
  • the death of his brother Lando III in 885. He was a son of Landenulf, gastald of Teano, and grandson of Landulf I of Capua. He kept his deposed cousin
  • and they had two sons: Landulf, who seized Salerno in 973, and Atenulf, gastald of Aquino. Caravale, Mario ed Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani: