ⓘ Dark cell

                                     

ⓘ Dark cell

Dark cells are specialized nonsensory epithelial cells found on either side of the vestibular organs, and lining the endolymphatic space. These dark-cell areas in the vestibular organ are structures involved in the production of endolymph, an inner ear fluid, secreting potassium towards the endolymphatic fluid. Dark cells take part in fluid homeostasis to preserve the unique high-potassium and low-sodium content of the endolymph and also maintain the calcium homeostasis of the inner ear.

Morphological and immunohistochemical studies in several species have shown that these cells dark areas also form a single layer resting on top of the pigmented cells at the base of the cristae ampullaris in the semicircular canals and utricular macula around.

                                     
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