Arapaha was a Timucua town on the Alapaha River in the 17th century. The name was also sometimes used to designate a province or sub-province in Spanish Florida.
Arapaha entered historical records from mission Santa Maria de Los Angeles de Arapaha in 1620-ies. This mission was to the North of the offices operating in the province of Timucua in the original narrow sense of territory and the Northern Utina North-East of the province of Yustaga. The city Arapaha was probably located on the Alapaha river. "Arapaha" is supposed to be was changed to "Alapaha", speaking a Muskogean languages in which there is no "R". "Arapaha" probably means "many houses" or "bear city" in the American language. People are called in French as "Onatheaqua" in 1560-x may be the same as in the Northern Utina or Arapaha.
Several other of the missions Santa Maria de Los Angeles de Arapaha in the Spanish records, including Santa Cruz de Cachipile near the modern lake Park, GA, San Ildefonso de Chamini or Chamile near Hixtown swamp in Madison County, Florida and San Francisco de Chuaquin on the lower bear river Suoni river. Chuaquin was at or close to the Royal road between St. Augustine and the province of Apalache. Apapaha, Cachapile and Chamile were to the North North-West of San Agustin de Urihica, and from the Royal road. Cachipile and Chaquin was subordinated to the chief of Chamile.
If Arapaha and associated cities / missions are one of the provinces in Northern Florida and southern Georgia to secede from the Northern province of Utina is unclear. Spanish traveler in 1630, mentioned in the "province Harapaha", located between Santa Isabel de Utinahica and the province Apalachee. Missions in Arapaha, Cachipile, Chamile and Chuaquin as reported in the Northern province of Utina in 1655, but Arapaha, Cachipile and Chamile was farther from St. Augustine than it was at the mission San Pedro y San Pablo de Potohiriba and Santa Elena de Machaba in the Yustaga province, which were themselves far from St. Augustine, than in the South of the Northern Utina mission. Chiefs Arapaha, Cachipile, Chamile and Chuaquin not to join in the Timucua rebellion in 1656, which was initiated by the head of the Northern Utina, which indicates the possibility of some degree of autonomy or separation.
The result Timucua rebellion in 1656, the Spaniards massacred many of the chiefs of the Timucua of the Northern Utina, and Yustaga provinces of Potano. Many of the towns, thus left without a leader already depopulated. The Spaniards crushed the chiefs and the people Arapaha, Chamile, Cachipile and Chaquin to move to the city by the Royal road. Head Arapaha gave Toloca Santa Fe de mayor and jurisdiction in San Francisco de Potano, San Pedro y San Pablo de Potohiriba, San Juan, Guacara and other cities. The old city was largely deserted when I visited in 1658. Residents who moved to the towns on the Royal road was mostly killed or fled into the woods.