ⓘ Alyxia spicata

                                     

ⓘ Alyxia spicata

Alyxia spicata, commonly known as chain fruit, is a sprawling shrub or vine in the family Apocynaceae. It is native to New Guinea and the Australian tropics.

Plants can grow to 4 meters in height and has leaves in whorls of 4 on vertically growing shoots and in whorls of 3, on horizontal shoots. The flowers are usually orange tube of cream petals and in diameter, with a hairy calyx 3 to 4 mm. the Fruit of the crossing of yellow and orange and eventually black when ripe. It is approximately 10mm in diameter and can be connected like beads on a string.

This species was formally described in 1810 by Scottish botanist Robert brown in Prodromus florae new Hollandiae, based on samples collected on Vanderlin island in the Gulf of Carpentaria. Plant material was previously collected at Cape Grafton and endeavour river during Lieutenant James cooks first voyage in 1770, and illustrated by Sydney Parkinson. Illustration of the species was published in 1900 with the name Gynopogon spicatum in illustrations of the botany of captain cooks voyage round the world in H. M. S. endeavour in 1768-71.

Alyxia eared in nature is found in tropical forests, a beach, a forest, a thicket of vines and rocks in New Guinea, the Northern part of Western Australia and the Northern territory and North-East Queensland. It is found at altitudes from sea level to 1000 meters.