ⓘ Kjer's optic neuropathy

                                     

ⓘ Kjers optic neuropathy

Dominant optic atrophy, or dominant optic atrophy, Kjers type, is an autosomally inherited disease that affects the optic nerves, causing reduced visual acuity and blindness beginning in childhood. This condition is due to mitochondrial dysfunction mediating the death of optic nerve fibers. Dominant optic atrophy was first described clinically by Batten in 1896 and named Kjer’s optic neuropathy in 1959 after Danish ophthalmologist Poul Kjer, who studied 19 families with the disease. Although dominant optic atrophy is the most common autosomally inherited optic neuropathy aside from glaucoma, it is often misdiagnosed.

                                     
  • mitochondrial optic neuropathies e.g., Leber s hereditary optic neuropathy and Kjer s optic neuropathy The diagnosis of toxic or nutritional optic neuropathy is
  • Paul Kjer Danish ophthalmologist who first described the condition now known as Kjer s optic neuropathy In other uses: Kjer s optic neuropathy dominant
  • mode. In 1959, the condition was named Kjer s optic neuropathy in his honor. Kjer P. 1959 Infantile optic atrophy with dominant mode of inheritance
  • Leber s hereditary optic neuropathy LHON is a mitochondrially inherited transmitted from mother to offspring degeneration of retinal ganglion cells
  • Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy AION is a medical condition involving loss of vision caused by damage to the optic nerve as a result of insufficient
  • Optic neuropathy is damage to the optic nerve from any cause. Damage and death of these nerve cells, or neurons, leads to characteristic features of optic
  • Posterior ischemic optic neuropathy PION is a medical condition characterized by damage to the retrobulbar portion of the optic nerve due to inadequate
  • is multiple sclerosis or ischemic optic neuropathy due to thrombosis or embolism of the vessel that supplies the optic nerve. Up to 50 of patients with
  • Ischemic forms of optic neuropathy are typically classified as either anterior ischemic optic neuropathy or posterior ischemic optic neuropathy according to