ⓘ Category:Higher-level bird taxa restricted to the Neotropics

Antpitta

Grallariidae is a family of smallish passerine birds of subtropical and tropical Central and South America known as antpittas. They are between 10 and 20 cm in length, and are related to the antbirds, Thamnophilidae, and gnateaters, Conopophagidae. They were also formerly placed in the Formicariidae, but studies by Rice indicated a distinct family was supported. Both the North American and South American committees of the AOU recognized the family soon after. This family contains probably some 50 species in 1 large and four fairly small genera. These are forest birds that usually feed on i ...

Camptostoma

The genus contains two species. These are very small passerine birds that breed in tropical and subtropical America from the southern USA South to Paraguay, Bolivia and Argentina. These two species are similar, and were once considered a subspecies. However, they overlap each other without mixing in Central Costa Rica. These types of in light forests, cultivation and gardens with trees. In a domed nest of plant fibres and leaves with a side entrance. They are active birds, feeding in a Vireo or Warbler-like fashion on insects, spiders and berries.

Celeus (bird)

Celeus is a genus in the woodpecker family, Picidae, found in tropical and subtropical forests and woodlands of Central and South America. The genus contains 13 extant species. One, Kaempfers woodpecker, was believed to be extinct until a specimen was caught in 2006. Of species in the genus are medium-sized, 19-32 cm 7.5–12.6 in length with brown woodpecker CELA elegans longest) and a weight of between 63 and 172 g. 2.2 and 6.1 oz. They have limited coloring of the plumage with the head and crest are mostly lighter. Legs, tail, tongue and beak of birds in the genus are adapted to the speci ...

Cyanolyca

Cyanolyca is a genus of small jays found in humid highland forests in southern Mexico, Central America and the Andes in South America. All are largely blue and have a black mask. They also possess black bills and legs and are skulking birds. They frequently join mixed-species flocks of birds.

Elaenia

Elaenia is a genus of passerine birds in the tyrant flycatcher family which occur in Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. Except by voice, specific identification is often difficult since many species are very similar. Elaenia flycatchers, usually brownish, greyish or olive above and dirty-white and / or pale yellow on the belly, with white or pale yellow eye-ring variable power and two or three wing bars. Some species show a crest, often with a semi-concealed white patch / streak.

Formicariidae

Formicariidae is a family of smallish passerine birds of subtropical and tropical Central and South America known as formicariids. They are between 10 and 20 cm in length, and are related to the antbirds, Thamnophilidae, and gnateaters, Conopophagidae. This family contains probably some 12 species in two fairly small genera. These are forest birds that usually feed on insects on the ground or near the Ground. Most of them gray with hints of rusty brown, black, white and dominant tones. Compared to other birds that spetsializiruyutsya the following ants, but this family is the most tied to ...