ⓘ Alessio Figalli
Alessio Figalli is an Italian mathematician working primarily on calculus of variations and partial differential equations.
He was awarded the Prix and Cours Peccot in 2012, the EMS Prize in 2012, the Stampacchia Medal in 2015, the Feltrinelli Prize in 2017 and the Fields Medal in 2018. He was an invited speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians 2014. In 2016 he was awarded a European Research Council ERC grant, and in 2018 he received the Doctorate Honoris Causa from the Universite Cote dAzur. In 2019 he received the Doctorate Honoris Causa from the Polytechnic University of Catalonia too.
1. Biography
Figalli received his masters degree from the University of Pisa in 2006 as a student of the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, and earned his doctorate in 2007 under the supervision of Luigi Ambrosio at the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa and Cedric Villani at the Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon. In 2007 he was appointed Charge de recherche at the French National Centre for Scientific Research, in 2008 he went to the Ecole polytechnique as Professeur Hadamard.
In 2009 he moved to the University of Texas at Austin as associate professor. Then he became full professor in 2011, and R. L. Moore Chair holder in 2013. Since 2016, he is a chaired professor at ETH Zurich.
Amongst his several recognitions, Figalli has won an EMS Prize in 2012, he has been awarded the PeccotVimont Prize 2011 and Cours Peccot 2012 of the College de France and has been appointed Nachdiplom Lecturer in 2014 at ETH Zurich. He has won the 2015 edition of the Stampacchia Medal, and the 2017 edition of the Feltrinelli Prize for mathematics.
In 2018 he won the Fields Medal "for his contributions to the theory of optimal transport, and its application to partial differential equations, metric geometry, and probability".
2. Work
Figalli has worked in the theory of optimal transport, with particular emphasis on the regularity theory of optimal transport maps and its connections to Monge–Ampere equations. Amongst the results he obtained in this direction, there stand out an important higher integrability property of the second derivatives of solutions to the Monge–Ampere equation and a partial regularity result for Monge–Ampere type equations, both proved together with Guido de Philippis. He used optimal transport techniques to get improved versions of the anisotropic isoperimetric inequality, and obtained several other important results on the stability of functional and geometric inequalities. In particular, together with Francesco Maggi and Aldo Pratelli, he proved a sharp quantitative version of the anisotropic isoperimetric inequality.
Then, in a joint work with Eric Carlen, he addressed the stability analysis of some Gagliardo–Nirenberg and logarithmic Hardy–Littlewood–Sobolev inequalities to obtain a quantitative rate of convergence for the critical mass Keller–Segel equation. He also worked on Hamilton–Jacobi equations and their connections to weak Kolmogorov–Arnold–Moser theory. In a paper with Gonzalo Contreras and Ludovic Rifford, he proved generic hyperbolicity of Aubry sets on compact surfaces.
In addition, he has given several contributions to the Di Perna–Lions theory, applying it both to the understanding of semiclassical limits of the Schrodinger equation with very rough potentials, and to study the Lagrangian structure of weak solutions to the Vlasov–Poisson equation. More recently, in collaboration with Alice Guionnet, he introduced and developed new transportation techniques in the topic of random matrices to prove universality results in severalmatrix models. Also, together with Joaquim Serra, he proved the De Giorgis conjecture for boundary reaction terms in dimension ≤ 5, and he improved the classical results by Luis Caffarelli on the structure of singular points in the obstacle problem.

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