ⓘ BMW

BMW 1 Series (E87)

The first generation of the BMW 1 Series consists of the BMW E81, BMW E82, BMW E87 and BMW E88 compact cars. The E81/E82/E87/E88 generation was produced from 2004 to 2013 and is sometimes collectively referred to as the E8x. The E8x replaced the 3 Series Compact as the smallest and least expensive vehicle in the BMW range. The engines available were four-cylinder diesel and four- and six-cylinder petrol, in both naturally aspirated and turbocharged forms. Unlike most hatchback competitors, the E81/E82/E87/E88 uses rear-wheel drive instead of front-wheel drive. The 1 Series accounted for ne ...

BMW 2 Series

The BMW 2 Series is a subcompact executive car produced by BMW. The 2 Series has several different body styles. It is available as a compact coupe that replaced the 1 Series coupe, or as a convertible model that replaces the 1 Series convertible in the BMW lineup. There is also a new compact MPV body style, which BMW refers to as an Active Tourer. The 2 Series Active Tourer mechanicals are unrelated to the coupe and convertible models. While it shares the 2 Series name, it is built on a totally different front wheel drive platform that is shared with the third generation MINI Cooper, dubbe ...

BMW 3 Series

The BMW 3 Series is a compact executive car manufactured by the German automaker BMW since May 1975. It is the successor to the 02 Series and has been produced in seven different generations. The first generation of the 3 Series was only available as a 2-door sedan saloon, however the model range has since expanded to include a 4-door sedan, 2-door convertible, 2-door coupe, 5-door station wagon, 5-door liftback "Gran Turismo" and 3-door hatchback body styles. Since 2013, the coupe and convertible models have been marketed as the 4 Series, therefore the 3 Series range no longer includes th ...

BMW 4 Series

The BMW 4 Series is a range of coupe, convertible and fastback models manufactured by the German automaker BMW since 2013. It was unveiled at the North American International Auto Show in January 2013 in Detroit. The 4 Series was created when BMW spun off the 3 Series 2-door models coupe and convertible into a separate series. In 2014, the "4 Series Gran Coupe" 4-door fastback body style was added to the range.

BMW 5 Series

The BMW 5 Series is an executive car manufactured by BMW since 1972. It is the successor to the New Class Sedans and is currently in its seventh generation. Initially, the 5 Series was only available in a sedan body style. The wagon/estate body style called "Touring" was added in 1991 and the 5-door fastback called "Gran Turismo" was produced from 2009 to 2017. The first generation of 5 Series was powered by naturally aspirated four-cylinder and six-cylinder petrol engines. Following generations have been powered by four-cylinder, six-cylinder, V8 and V10 engines that are either naturally ...

BMW 6 Series

The BMW 6 Series is a range of grand tourers produced by BMW since 1976. It is the successor to the E9 Coupe and is currently in its fourth generation. The first generation BMW E24 6 Series was available solely as a two-door coupe and produced from 1976 to 1989. When the 6 Series nameplate was revived in 2004 for the second generation, the BMW E63/E64 6 Series, the coupe was joined by a convertible body style. The third generation F06/F12/F13 6 Series debuted in 2011 as a coupe and convertible, and added a four-door coupe body style known as the Gran Coupe in 2012. When the F06/F12/F13 6 S ...

                                     

ⓘ BMW

Bayerische Motoren Werke AG, translated in English as Bavarian Motor Works, commonly referred to as BMW), is a German multinational company which produces automobiles and motorcycles. The company was founded in 1916 as a manufacturer of aircraft engines, which it produced from 1917 until 1918 and again from 1933 to 1945.

Automobiles are marketed under the brands BMW, Mini and Rolls-Royce, and motorcycles are marketed under the brand BMW Motorrad. In 2015, BMW was the worlds twelfth-largest producer of motor vehicles, with 2.279.503 vehicles produced.

BMW is headquartered in Munich and produces motor vehicles in Germany, Brazil, China, India, South Africa, the United Kingdom, the United States and Mexico. BMW has significant motorsport history, especially in touring cars, Formula 1, sports cars and the Isle of Man TT.

                                     

1. History

Bayerische Flugzeugwerke AG was formed in 1916. This company was renamed to Bayerische Motoren Werke BMW in 1922. However the name BMW dates back to 1913, when the original company to use the name BMW was born initially as Rapp Motorenwerke. BMWs first product was a straight-six aircraft engine called the BMW IIIa. Following the end of World War I, BMW remained in business by producing motorcycle engines, farm equipment, household items and railway brakes. The company produced its first motorcycle, the BMW R 32 in 1923.

BMW became an automobile manufacturer in 1928 when it purchased Fahrzeugfabrik Eisenach, which, at the time, built Austin Sevens under licence under the Dixi marque. The first car sold as a BMW was a rebadged Dixi called the BMW 3/15, following BMWs acquisition of the car manufacturer Automobilwerk Eisenach. Throughout the 1930s, BMW expanded its range into sports cars and larger luxury cars.

Aircraft engines, motorcycles, and automobiles would be BMWs main products until World War II. During the war, against the wishes of its director Franz Josef Popp, BMW concentrated on aircraft engine production using forced labor consisting primarily of prisoners from concentration camps, with motorcycles as a side line and automobile manufacture ceased altogether. BMWs factories were heavily bombed during the war and its remaining West German facilities were banned from producing motor vehicles or aircraft after the war. Again, the company survived by making pots, pans, and bicycles. In 1948, BMW restarted motorcycle production. BMW resumed car production in Bavaria in 1952 with the BMW 501 luxury saloon. The range of cars was expanded in 1955, through the production of the cheaper Isetta microcar under licence. Slow sales of luxury cars and small profit margins from microcars meant BMW was in serious financial trouble and in 1959 the company was nearly taken over by rival Daimler-Benz. A large investment in BMW by Herbert Quandt and Harald Quandt resulted in the company surviving as a separate entity. The BMW 700 was successful and assisted in the companys recovery.

The 1962 introduction of the BMW New Class compact sedans was the beginning of BMWs reputation as a leading manufacturer of sport-oriented cars. Throughout the 1960s, BMW expanded its range by adding coupe and luxury sedan models. The BMW 5 Series mid-size sedan range was introduced in 1972, followed by the BMW 3 Series compact sedans in 1975, the BMW 6 Series luxury coupes in 1976 and the BMW 7 Series large luxury sedans in 1978.

The BMW M division released its first road car, a mid-engine supercar, in 1978. This was followed by the BMW M5 in 1984 and the BMW M3 in 1986. Also in 1986, BMW introduced its first V12 engine in the 750i luxury sedan.

The company purchased the Rover Group in 1994, however the takeover was not successful and was causing BMW large financial losses. In 2000, BMW sold off most of the Rover brands, retaining only the Mini brand.

In 1998, BMW also acquired the rights to the Rolls Royce brand from Vickers Plc.

The 1995 BMW Z3 expanded the line-up to include a mass-production two-seat roadster and the 1999 BMW X5 was the companys entry into the SUV market.

The first mass-produced turbocharged petrol engine was introduced in 2006, with most engines switching over to turbocharging over the following decade. The first hybrid BMW was the 2010 BMW ActiveHybrid 7, and BMWs first electric car was the BMW i3 city car, which was released in 2013. After many years of establishing a reputation for sporting rear-wheel drive cars, BMWs first front-wheel drive car was the 2014 BMW 2 Series Active Tourer multi-purpose vehicle MPV.

                                     

2.1. Branding Company name

The name BMW is an abbreviation for Bayerische Motoren Werke German pronunciation: listen) has been used in several publications and advertisements in the past. Bayerische Motorenwerke translates into English as Bavarian Motor Works. The suffix AG, short for Aktiengesellschaft, signifies an incorporated entity which is owned by shareholders.

The terms Beemer, Bimmer and Bee-em are sometimes used as slang for BMW in the English language and are sometimes used interchangeably for cars and motorcycles.

                                     

2.2. Branding Logo

The circular blue and white BMW logo or roundel evolved from the circular Rapp Motorenwerke company logo, from which the BMW company grew, combined with the blue and white colors of the flag of Bavaria. The current iteration of the logo was introduced in 2020, removing 3D effects that had been used in renderings of the logo, and also removing the black outline encircling the rondel. The logo will be used on BMWs branding but will not be used on vehicles

The origin of the logo is often thought to be a portrayal of the movement of an aircraft propeller with the white blades cutting through a blue sky. However, this portrayal was first used in a BMW advertisement in 1929 – twelve years after the logo was created – so this is not the origin of the logo itself.

                                     

2.3. Branding Slogan

The slogan The Ultimate Driving Machine was first used in North America in 1974. In 2010, this long-lived campaign was mostly supplanted by a campaign intended to make the brand more approachable and to better appeal to women, Joy. By 2012 BMW had returned to The Ultimate Driving Machine.

                                     

3. Finances

For the fiscal year 2017, BMW reported earnings of EUR 8.620 billion, with an annual revenue of EUR 98.678 billion, an increase of 4.8% over the previous fiscal cycle. BMWs shares traded at over €77 per share, and its market capitalization was valued at US 55.3 billion in November 2018.

                                     

4. Motorcycles

BMW began production of motorcycle engines and then motorcycles after World War I. Its motorcycle brand is now known as BMW Motorrad. Their first successful motorcycle after the failed Helios and Flink, was the "R32" in 1923, though production originally began in 1921. This had a "boxer" twin engine, in which a cylinder projects into the air-flow from each side of the machine. Apart from their single-cylinder models basically to the same pattern, all their motorcycles used this distinctive layout until the early 1980s. Many BMWs are still produced in this layout, which is designated the R Series.

The entire BMW Motorcycle production has, since 1969, been located at the companys Berlin-Spandau factory.

During the Second World War, BMW produced the BMW R75 motorcycle with a motor-driven sidecar attached, combined with a lockable differential, this made the vehicle very capable off-road.

In 1982, came the K Series, shaft drive but water-cooled and with either three or four cylinders mounted in a straight line from front to back. Shortly after, BMW also started making the chain-driven F and G series with single and parallel twin Rotax engines.

In the early 1990s, BMW updated the airhead Boxer engine which became known as the oilhead. In 2002, the oilhead engine had two spark plugs per cylinder. In 2004 it added a built-in balance shaft, an increased capacity to 1.170 cc and enhanced performance to 100 hp 75 kW for the R1200GS, compared to 85 hp 63 kW of the previous R1150GS. More powerful variants of the oilhead engines are available in the R1100S and R1200S, producing 98 and 122 hp 73 and 91 kW, respectively.

In 2004, BMW introduced the new K1200S Sports Bike which marked a departure for BMW. It had an engine producing 167 hp 125 kW, derived from the companys work with the Williams F1 team, and is lighter than previous K models. Innovations include electronically adjustable front and rear suspension, and a Hossack-type front fork that BMW calls Duolever.

BMW introduced anti-lock brakes on production motorcycles starting in the late 1980s. The generation of anti-lock brakes available on the 2006 and later BMW motorcycles paved the way for the introduction of electronic stability control, or anti-skid technology later in the 2007 model year.

BMW has been an innovator in motorcycle suspension design, taking up telescopic front suspension long before most other manufacturers. Then they switched to an Earles fork, front suspension by swinging fork 1955 to 1969. Most modern BMWs are truly rear swingarm, single sided at the back. Some BMWs started using yet another trademark front suspension design, the Telelever, in the early 1990s. Like the Earles fork, the Telelever significantly reduces dive under braking.

BMW Group, on 31 January 2013, announced that Pierer Industrie AG has bought Husqvarna for an undisclosed amount, which will not be revealed by either party in the future. The company is headed by Stephan Pierer CEO of KTM. Pierer Industrie AG is 51% owner of KTM and 100% owner of Husqvarna.

In September 2018, BMW unveiled a new self-driving motorcycle with BMW Motorrad with a goal of using the technology to help improve road safety. The design of the bike was inspired by the companys BMW R1200 GS model.



                                     

5.1. Automobiles Current models

The current model lines of BMW cars are:

  • 8 Series two-door coupes model code G14, two-door convertibles G15 and "Gran Coupe" four-door fastbacks G16.
  • 7 Series four-door sedans model code G11 and long-wheelbase four-door sedans model code G12.
  • 3 Series four-door sedans model code G20 and five-door station wagons G21.
  • 4 Series two-door coupes model code F32, two-door convertibles model code F33 and five-door "Gran Coupe" fastbacks model code F36.
  • 5 Series four-door sedans model code G30 and five-door station wagons G31. A long-wheelbase sedan variant G38 is also sold in China.
  • 2 Series two-door coupes model code F22 and convertibles F23, "Active Tourer" five-seat MPVs F45 and "Gran Tourer" seven-seat MPVs F46, and four-door "Gran Coupe" fastback model code F44.
  • 1 Series five-door hatchbacks model code F40. A four-door sedan variant model code F52 is also sold in China and Mexico.
  • 6 Series "Gran Turismo" four-door coupes model code G32

The current model lines of the X Series SUVs and crossovers are:

  • X6 G06
  • X4 G02
  • X2 F39
  • X5 G05
  • X7 G07
  • X3 G01
  • X1 model code F48

The current model line of the Z Series two-door roadsters is the Z4 model code G29.



                                     

5.2. Automobiles i models

Electric vehicles and hybrid vehicles are sold under the BMW i sub-brand. The current model range consists of:

  • i3 five-door B-segment supermini hatchback, powered by an electric motor with optional petrol engine
  • i8 two-door sports coupe/roadster, powered by an electric motor and a petrol engine

In addition, several hybrid models built on existing platforms have been marketed as iPerformance models. Examples include the 225xe using a 1.5 L three-cylinder turbocharged petrol engine with an electric motor, the 330e/530e using a 2.0 L four-cylinder engine with an electric motor, and the 740e using a 2.0 litre turbocharged petrol engine with an electric motor.

                                     

5.3. Automobiles M models

The BMW M GmbH subsidiary called BMW Motorsport GmbH until 1993 has high-performance versions of various BMW models since 1978.

The recent model range consists of:

  • X6 M five-door coupe-styled SUV expected to return in 2020
  • X3 M five-door compact SUV
  • M4 two-door coupe/convertible
  • M3 four-door sedan due to return in 2020
  • X5 M five-door SUV expected to return in 2020
  • M5 four-door sedan
  • M2 two-door coupe
  • M8 two-door coupe/convertible
  • X4 M five-door coupe-styled compact SUV

The letter "M" is also often used in the marketing of BMWs regular models, for example the F20 M140i model, the G11 M760Li model and various optional extras called "M Sport", "M Performance" or similar.

                                     

6. Motorsport

BMW has a long history of motorsport activities, including:

  • Dakar Rally
  • Formula Two
  • Formula One
  • Endurance racing, such as 24 Hours Nurburgring, 24 Hours of Le Mans, 24 Hours of Daytona and Spa 24 Hours
  • Formula E
  • Formula BMW – a junior racing Formula category.
  • Isle of Man TT
  • American Le Mans Series
  • Touring cars, such as DTM, WTCC, ETCC and BTCC
                                     

7.1. Involvement in the arts Art Cars

In 1975, sculptor Alexander Calder was commissioned to paint the BMW 3.0 CSL racing car driven by Herve Poulain at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, which became the first in the series of BMW Art Cars. Since Calders work of art, many other renowned artists throughout the world have created BMW Art Cars, including David Hockney, Jenny Holzer, Roy Lichtenstein, Robert Rauschenberg, Frank Stella, and Andy Warhol. To date, a total of 19 BMW Art Cars, based on both racing and regular production vehicles, have been created.

                                     

7.2. Involvement in the arts Architecture

The global BMW Headquarters in Munich represents the cylinder head of a 4-cylinder engine. It was designed by Karl Schwanzer and was completed in 1972. The building has become a European icon and was declared a protected historic building in 1999. The main tower consists of four vertical cylinders standing next to and across from each other. Each cylinder is divided horizontally in its center by a mold in the facade. Notably, these cylinders do not stand on the ground; they are suspended on a central support tower.

BMW Museum is a futuristic cauldron-shaped building, which was also designed by Karl Schwanzer and opened in 1972. The interior has a spiral theme and the roof is a 40-metre diameter BMW logo.

BMW Welt, the companys exhibition space in Munich, was designed by Coop Himmelblau and opened in 2007. It includes a showroom and lifting platforms where a customers new car is theatrically unveiled to the customer.



                                     

7.3. Involvement in the arts Film

In 2001 and 2002, BMW produced a series of 8 short films called The Hire, which had plots based around BMW models being driven to extremes by Clive Owen. The directors for The Hire included Guy Ritchie, John Woo, John Frankenheimer and Ang Lee. In 2016, a ninth film in the series was released.

The 2006 "BMW Performance Series" was a marketing event geared to attract black car buyers. It consisted of seven concerts by jazz musician Mike Phillips, and screenings of films by black filmmakers.

                                     

7.4. Involvement in the arts Visual arts

BMW was the principal sponsor of the 1998 The Art of the Motorcycle exhibition at various Guggenheim museums, though the financial relationship between BMW and the Guggenheim Foundation was criticised in many quarters.

In 2012, BMW began sponsoring Independent Collectors production of the BMW Art Guide, which is the first global guide to private and publicly accessible collections of contemporary art worldwide. The fourth edition, released in 2016, features 256 collections from 43 countries.

                                     

8. Production and sales

BMW produces complete automobiles in the following countries:

  • Brazil: Araquari
  • China: Shenyang
  • Germany: Munich, Dingolfing, Regensburg and Leipzig
  • South Africa: Rosslyn
  • India: Chennai
  • Austria: Graz
  • United States: Spartanburg
  • Mexico: San Luis Potosi

BMW also has local assembly operation using complete knock-down CKD components in Thailand, Russia, Egypt, Indonesia, Malaysia and India.

In the UK, BMW has a Mini factory near Oxford, plants in Swindon and Hams Hall, and Rolls Royce vehicle assembly at Goodwood. In 2020, these facilities were shut down for the period from March 23 to April 17 due to the coronavirus outbreak.

The BMW group including Mini and Rolls-Royce produced 1.366.838 automobiles in 2006 and then 1.481.253 automobiles in 2010. BMW Motorcycles are being produced at the companys Berlin factory, which earlier had produced aircraft engines for Siemens.

By 2011, about 56% of BMW-brand vehicles produced are powered by petrol engines and the remaining 44% are powered by diesel engines. Of those petrol vehicles, about 27% are four-cylinder models and about nine percent are eight-cylinder models. On average, 9.000 vehicles per day exit BMW plants, and 63% are transported by rail.

Annual production since 2005, according to BMWs annual reports:

Annual sales since 2005, according to BMWs annual reports:

* In 2008–2012, motorcycle productions figures include Husqvarna models. ** Excluding Husqvarna, sales volume up to 2013: 59.776 units.



                                     

9. Recalls

In November 2016, BMW recalled 136.000 2007–2012 model year U.S. cars for fuel pump wiring problems possibly resulting in fuel leak and engine stalling or restarting issues.

In 2018, BMW recalled 106.000 diesel vehicles in South Korea with a defective exhaust gas recirculation module, which caused 39 engine fires. The recall was then expanded to 324.000 more cars in Europe. Following the recall in South Korea, the government banned cars which had not yet been inspected from driving on public roads. This affected up to 25% of the recalled cars, where the owners had been notified but the cars had not yet been inspected. BMW is reported to have been aware since 2016 that more than 4% of the affected cars in South Korea had experienced failures in the EGR coolers, leading to approximately 20 owners suing the company.

                                     

10. Industry collaboration

BMW has collaborated with other car manufacturers on the following occasions:

  • Daimler Benz: Joint venture to produce the hybrid drivetrain components used in the ActiveHybrid 7. Development of automated driving technology.
  • In 2018, Horizn Studios collaborated with BMW to launch special luggage editions.
  • McLaren Automotive: BMW designed and produced the V12 engine that powered the McLaren F1.
  • Peugeot and Citroen: Joint production of four-cylinder petrol engines, beginning in 2004.
  • Toyota: Three-part agreement in 2013 to jointly develop fuel cell technology, develop a joint platform for a sports car for the 2018 BMW Z4 G29 and Toyota Supra) and research lithium-air batteries.
  • Audi and Mercedes: Joint purchase of Nokias Here WeGo formerly Here Maps in 2015.
                                     

11. Sponsorships

BMW made a six-year sponsorship deal with the United States Olympic Committee in July 2010.

In golf, BMW has sponsored various events, including the PGA Championship since 2007, the Italian Open form 2009–2012, the BMW Masters in China from 2012-2015 and the BMW International Open in Munich since 1989.

In rugby, BMW sponsored the South Africa national rugby union team from 2011 to 2015.

                                     

12. Environmental record

BMW is a charter member of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys EPA National Environmental Achievement Track, which recognizes companies for their environmental stewardship and performance. It is also a member of the South Carolina Environmental Excellence Program.

Since 1999, BMW has been named the worlds most sustainable automotive company every year by the Dow Jones Sustainability Index. The BMW Group is one of three automotive companies to be featured every year in the index. In 2001, the BMW Group committed itself to the United Nations Environment Programme, the UN Global Compact and the Cleaner Production Declaration. It was also the first company in the automotive industry to appoint an environmental officer, in 1973. BMW is a member of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development.

In 2012, BMW was the highest automotive company in the Carbon Disclosure Projects Global 500 list, with a score of 99 out of 100. The BMW Group was rated the most sustainable DAX 30 company by Sustainalytics in 2012.

To reduce vehicle emissions, BMW is improving the efficiency of existing fossil-fuel powered models, while researching electric power, hybrid power and hydrogen for future models.

During the first quarter of 2018, BMW sold 26.858 Electrified Vehicles.



                                     

13. Car-sharing services

DriveNow was a joint-venture between BMW and Sixt that operated from in Europe from 2011 until 2019. By December 2012, DriveNow operated over 1.000 vehicles, in five cities and with approximately 60.000 customers.

In 2012, the BMW-owned subsidiary Alphabet began a corporate car-sharing service in Europe called AlphaCity.

The ReachNow car-sharing service was launched in Seattle in April 2016. ReachNow currently operates in Seattle, Portland and Brooklyn.

                                     

14. Overseas subsidiaries

Hungary

On 31 July 2018, BMW announced to build 1 billion euro car factory in Hungary. The plant, to be built near Debrecen, will have a production capacity of 150.000 cars a year.

Russia

Russian-market 3 Series and 5 Series cars are assembled from complete knock-down components in Kaliningrad beginning in 1999.

Malaysia

BMWs complete knock-down CKD assembly plant in Kedah. Assembled Malaysia-market 1 Series, 3 Series, 5 Series, 7 Series, X1, X3, X4, X5, X6 and Mini Countryman since 2008.

Canada

BMWs first dealership in Canada, located in Ottawa, was opened in 1969. In 1986, BMW established a head office in Canada.

BMW sold 28.149 vehicles in Canada in 2008.

Japan

BMW Japan Corp, a wholly owned subsidiary, imports and distributes BMW vehicles in Japan.

Philippines

BMW Philippines, an owned subsidiary of San Miguel Corporation, The Official Importer and Distributor of BMW in the Philippines.

BMW sold 920 vehicles in the Philippines in 2019.

South Korea

BMW Korea imports BMW vehicles in South Korea with more than fifty service centers to fully accomplish to Korean customers. Also, BMW Korea has its own driving center in Incheon.

                                     

14.1. Overseas subsidiaries China

The first BMW production facility in China was opened in 2004, as a result of a joint venture between BMW and Brilliance Auto. The plant was opened in the Shenyang industrial area and produces 3 Series and 5 Series models for the Chinese market. In 2012, a second factory was opened in Shenyang.

Between January and November 2014, BMW sold 415.200 vehicles in China, through a network of over 440 BMW stores and 100 Mini stores.

                                     

14.2. Overseas subsidiaries Hungary

On 31 July 2018, BMW announced to build 1 billion euro car factory in Hungary. The plant, to be built near Debrecen, will have a production capacity of 150.000 cars a year.

                                     

14.3. Overseas subsidiaries Mexico

In July 2014, BMW announced it was establishing a plant in Mexico, in the city and state of San Luis Potosi involving an investment of $1 billion. The plant will employ 1.500 people, and produce 150.000 cars annually.

                                     

14.4. Overseas subsidiaries South Africa

BMWs have been assembled in South Africa since 1968, when Praetor Monteerders plant was opened in Rosslyn, near Pretoria. BMW initially bought shares in the company, before fully acquiring it in 1975; in so doing, the company became BMW South Africa, the first wholly owned subsidiary of BMW to be established outside Germany. Unlike United States manufacturers, such as Ford and GM, which divested from the country in the 1980s, BMW retained full ownership of its operations in South Africa.

Following the end of apartheid in 1994, and the lowering of import tariffs, BMW South Africa ended local production of the 5 Series and 7 Series, in order to concentrate on production of the 3 Series for the export market. South African–built BMWs are now exported to right hand drive markets including Japan, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Hong Kong, as well as Sub-Saharan Africa. Since 1997, BMW South Africa has produced vehicles in left-hand drive for export to Taiwan, the United States and Iran, as well as South America.

Three unique models that BMW Motorsport created for the South African market were the E23 M745i 1983, which used the M88 engine from the BMW M1, the BMW 333i 1986, which added a six-cylinder 3.2-litre M30 engine to the E30, and the E30 BMW 325is 1989 which was powered by an Alpina-derived 2.7-litre engine.

BMWs with a VIN starting with "NC0" are manufactured in South Africa.

                                     

14.5. Overseas subsidiaries United States

BMW cars have been officially sold in the United States since 1956 and manufactured in the United States since 1994. The first BMW dealership in the United States opened in 1975. In 2016, BMW was the twelfth highest selling brand in the United States.

The manufacturing plant in Greer, South Carolina has the highest production of the BMW plants worldwide, currently producing approximately 1.500 vehicles per day. The models produced at the Spartanburg plant are the X3, X4, X5, X6 and X7 SUV models.

In addition to the South Carolina manufacturing facility, BMWs North American companies include sales, marketing, design, and financial services operations in the United States, Mexico, Canada and Latin America.



                                     

14.6. Overseas subsidiaries Brazil

On 9 October 2014, BMWs new complete knock-down CKD assembly plant in Araquari, assembled its first car - an F30 3 Series.

The cars assembled at Araquari are the F20 1 Series, F30 3 Series, F48 X1, F25 X3 and Mini Countryman.

                                     

14.7. Overseas subsidiaries Egypt

Bavarian Auto Group became the importer of the BMW and Mini brands in 2003.

Since 2005, the 3 Series, 5 Series, 7 Series, X1 and X3 models sold in Egypt are assembled from complete knock-down components at the BMW plant in 6th of October City.

                                     

14.8. Overseas subsidiaries India

BMW India was established in 2006 as a sales subsidiary with a head office located in Gurugram.

A BMW complete knock-down assembly plant was opened in Chennai in 2007, assembling Indian-market 3 Series, 5 Series, 7 Series, X1, X3, X5, Mini Countryman and motorcycle models. The 20 Million Euro plant aims to produce 1.700 cars per year.

                                     

14.9. Overseas subsidiaries Russia

Russian-market 3 Series and 5 Series cars are assembled from complete knock-down components in Kaliningrad beginning in 1999.

                                     

14.10. Overseas subsidiaries Malaysia

BMWs complete knock-down CKD assembly plant in Kedah. Assembled Malaysia-market 1 Series, 3 Series, 5 Series, 7 Series, X1, X3, X4, X5, X6 and Mini Countryman since 2008.

                                     

14.11. Overseas subsidiaries Canada

BMWs first dealership in Canada, located in Ottawa, was opened in 1969. In 1986, BMW established a head office in Canada.

BMW sold 28.149 vehicles in Canada in 2008.

                                     

14.12. Overseas subsidiaries Japan

BMW Japan Corp, a wholly owned subsidiary, imports and distributes BMW vehicles in Japan.

                                     

14.13. Overseas subsidiaries Philippines

BMW Philippines, an owned subsidiary of San Miguel Corporation, The Official Importer and Distributor of BMW in the Philippines.

BMW sold 920 vehicles in the Philippines in 2019.