ⓘ Solid black (chicken plumage)

                                     

ⓘ Solid black (chicken plumage)

Solid black plumage color refers to a plumage pattern in chickens characterized by a uniform, black color across all feathers. There are chicken breeds where the typical plumage color is black, such as Australorp, Sumatra, White-Faced Black Spanish, Jersey Giant and others. And there are many other breeds having different color varieties, which also have an extended black variety, such as Leghorn, Minorca, Wyandotte, Orpington, Langshan and others.

Color is an essential feature of living organisms. In the wild, color has great significance affecting the survival and reproductive success of the species. Environmental constraints, which lead to the specific colors of birds and animals is very strong and individuals of new colors, as a rule, do not survive. Under domestication, mankind has turned all the involved types, who thus were exempt from environmental stress to a large extent. Early color variants were mostly selected from considerations of utility or religious practices. In the last century, the color varieties were created solely for ornament and pleasure, fashion playing a surprisingly large role in their development. The variety of colors and patterns now found in domestic animals.

Appearance solid or nearly solid black color of the plumage is widespread among birds. Such phenotypes are mainly the result of one mutation associated with increased deposition of eumelanin. In the case of poultry, two genetically different black plumage phenotypes have been described.

                                     
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