ⓘ Fortezza Medicea (Volterra)
The Fortezza Medicea of Volterra is built on the highest point of the hill overlooking the town. From the outside it is an imposing structure. It takes the form of two smaller fortresses joined together.
Despite its name, the origin of the fortress was preceded by the Medici. In the southern part was built on the orders of the Duke of Athens, who was appointed ruler of Florence in 1342.
For more than a century, the once-friendly relations between Volterra, Florence became more complex and at times confrontational: opening locally valuable alum in 1470, stressed the interest of Florence in 1472 7.000 Florentine troops besieged and then sacked the city, then Florentine control of Volterra and alum mines, we have no doubt. The fortress was modernized and one of the Florentine ruler Lorenzo the Magnificent, who was also responsible for the construction of several new fortresses in 1474.
The two towers are linked stone" curtain wall”. The fortress is currently used as a maximum security prison and tourist visits to the interior are limited to a few days, and a small part of the building. A notable exception is that the part is used as the restaurant managed to be under the proper control of prisoners.
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