ⓘ Ka with descender

                                     

ⓘ Ka with descender

Ka with descender is a letter of the Cyrillic script used in a number of non-Slavic languages spoken on the territory of the former Soviet Union, including:

  • Eastern varieties of the Khanty language, where it also represents /q/.
  • Iranian languages such as Tajik and Ossetic before 1924; now superseded by the digraph ⟨Къ⟩. Since /q/ is represented by the letter ق qāf in the Arabic alphabet, Қ is sometimes referred to as "Cyrillic Qaf".
  • the Abkhaz language where it represents the voiceless velar plosive /k/. The Cyrillic letter Ka к is used to represent /k) It was introduced in 1905 for the spelling of Abkhaz. From 1928 to 1938, Abkhaz was spelled with the Latin alphabet, and the corresponding letter was the Latin letter K with descender Ⱪ ⱪ.
  • the Turkic languages Kazakh, Uighur, Uzbek and several smaller languages Karakalpak, Shor and Tofa, where it represents the voiceless uvular plosive /q/.

Its ISO 9 transliteration is ⟨ ķ ⟩ ⟨k⟩ with cedilla, and is so transliterated for Abkhaz, while the common Kazakh and Uzbek romanization is ⟨q⟩.