2016 was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2016th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 16th year of the 3rd millennium, the 16th year of the 21st century, and the 7th year of the 2010s decade. 2016 was designated as: International Year of Global Understanding IYGU by the International Council for Science ICSU, the International Social Science Council ISSC, and the International Council for Philosophy and Human Sciences CIPSH. International Year of Pulses by the sixty-eighth session of the United Nations General Assembly.
2010 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2010th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 10th year of the 3rd millennium, the 10th year of the 21st century, and the 1st year of the 2010s decade. 2010 was designated as: 2010 European Year for Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion International Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures International Year of Biodiversity International Year of Youth
2012 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2012th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 12th year of the 3rd millennium, the 12th year of the 21st century, and the 3rd year of the 2010s decade. 2012 was designated as: International Year of Cooperatives International Year of Sustainable Energy for All
2013 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2013th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 13th year of the 3rd millennium, the 13th year of the 21st century, and the 4th year of the 2010s decade. 2013 was designated as: International Year of Water Cooperation International Year of Quinoa
2014 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2014th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 14th year of the 3rd millennium, the 14th year of the 21st century, and the 5th year of the 2010s decade. 2014 was designated as: International Year of Solidarity with the Palestinian People International Year of Family Farming International Year of Small Island Developing States International Year of Crystallography
2017 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2017th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 17th year of the 3rd millennium, the 17th year of the 21st century, and the 8th year of the 2010s decade. 2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
2018 was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2018th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 18th year of the 3rd millennium, the 18th year of the 21st century, and the 9th year of the 2010s decade. 2018 was designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade. 2019 was designated as International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements by the United Nations General Assembly given that it coincides with the 150th anniversary of its creation by Dmitri Mendeleev in 1869.
2011 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2011th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 11th year of the 3rd millennium, the 11th year of the 21st century, and the 2nd year of the 2010s decade. A series of protests and government overthrows, known as the Arab Spring, swept through the Middle East in 2011. 2011 was designated as: International Year of Forests International Year of Chemistry International Year for People of African Descent
2015 MMXV was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2015th year of the Common Era CE and Anno Domini AD designations, the 15th year of the 3rd millennium, the 15th year of the 21st century, and the 6th year of the 2010s decade. 2015 was designated as: International Year of Soils International Year of Light
The 2010s tens") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on 1 January 2010 and ended on 31 December 2019.
The decade began amid a global financial crisis and subsequent international recession dating from the late 2000s. The resulting European sovereign-debt crisis became more pronounced early in the decade and continued to affect the possibility of a global economic recovery. Economic issues, such as austerity, inflation and an increase in commodity prices, led to unrest in many countries, including the 15-M and Occupy movements. Unrest in some countries – particularly in the Arab world – evolved into socioeconomic crises triggering revolutions in Tunisia, Egypt, and Bahrain as well as civil wars in Libya, Syria, and Yemen in a widespread phenomenon commonly referred to as the Arab Spring. Shifting social attitudes saw LGBT rights and female representation make substantial progress during the decade, particularly in the West and parts of Asia and Africa.
The United States continued to retain its global superpower status while an assertive China, along with launching vast economic initiatives and military reforms, sought to expand its influence in the South China Sea and in Africa, solidifying its position as a potential superpower; global competition between China and the U.S. coalesced into a "containment" effort and a trade war. Elsewhere in Asia, the Koreas improved their relations after a prolonged crisis and the War on Terror continued as Osama bin Laden was assassinated by U.S. forces in a raid on his compound in Pakistan as a part of the U.S.s continued military involvement in many parts of the world. The rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant extremist organization in 2014 erased the borders between Syria and Iraq, resulting in a multinational intervention that also saw the demise of its leader. In Africa, South Sudan broke away from Sudan and mass protests and various coups detat saw longtime strongmen deposed. Meanwhile, the European Union experienced a migrant crisis and Brexit, and Russia annexed Crimea.
Information technology progressed, with smartphones becoming widespread. The Internet of things saw substantial growth during the 2010s due to advancements in wireless networking devices, mobile telephony, and cloud computing. Advancements in data processing and the rollout of 5G broadband allowed data and information to disperse among domains at paces never before seen while online resources such as social media facilitated phenomena such as the Me Too movement and the rise of slacktivism and online call-out culture. Online nonprofit organization WikiLeaks gained international attention for publishing classified information on topics including Guantanamo Bay, Syria, the Afghan and Iraq wars, and United States diplomacy. Edward Snowden blew the whistle on global surveillance, raising awareness on the role governments and private entities have in mass surveillance and information privacy.
Global warming became increasingly noticeable through new record temperatures in different years and extreme weather events on all continents. The CO 2 concentration rose from 390 to 410 PPM over the decade. At the same time, combating pollution and climate change continued to be major concerns, as concerns as protests, initiatives, and legislation garnered substantial media attention. Particularly, the Paris Agreement 2015 was adopted and a global climate youth movement was formed. Major natural disasters included the 2010 Haiti earthquake, the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, the Nepal earthquake of 2015, the 2018 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami, and the devastating hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, Haiyan Yolanda, Sandy, and Dorian.
Superhero films became box office leaders, with Avengers: Endgame becoming the highest-grossing film of all time, grossing over $2.7 billion worldwide. Cable providers saw a decline in subscriber numbers as cord cutters switched to lower cost online streaming services such as Netflix, Amazon Prime and Hulu. Globalism and an increased demand for variety and personalization in the face of music streaming services such as Spotify created many subgenres. Dance, hip-hop, and pop music surged into the 2010s, with EDM achieving mass commercial success. Digital music sales topped CD sales in 2012. The video game industry continued to be dominated by Nintendo, Sony, and Microsoft; Minecraft became the best-selling game of all time.
1. Politics and conflicts
Revolutions and major protests
Successful revolutions and otherwise major protests of the decade include, but are not limited to:
The most prominent terrorist attacks committed against civilian populations during the decade include, but are not limited to:
Notable world leaders
This is a list of leaders of states and notable organisations. Names of leaders shown in bold remained in power continuously throughout the decade.
1.1. Politics and conflicts Arab Spring
The Arab Spring was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across much of the Islamic world in the early 2010s. It began in response to oppressive regimes and a low standard of living, starting with protests in Tunisia. In the news, social media has been heralded as the driving force behind the swift spread of revolution throughout the world, as new protests appear in response to success stories shared from those taking place in other countries. In many countries, the governments have also recognized the importance of social media for organizing and have shut down certain sites or blocked Internet service entirely, especially in the times preceding a major rally. Governments have also scrutinized or suppressed discussion in those forums through accusing content creators of unrelated crimes or shutting down communication on specific sites or groups, such as through Facebook.
1.2. Politics and conflicts Nuclear proliferation
- On 8 April 2010, the United States and Russia signed a treaty in Prague, Czech Republic to reduce the stockpiles of their nuclear weapons by half. It is meant to replace the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty SORT, which was set to expire. The treaty went into force on 5 February 2011 after it was ratified by both nations.
- On 7 July 2017, the United Nations passed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, the first legally binding international agreement to comprehensively prohibit nuclear weapons, with the goal of leading towards their total elimination. It has been signed by 58 nations.
- Throughout the decade, North Korea expanded its nuclear capabilities, performing alleged nuclear tests in 2013 and 2016, which governments responded by placing international sanctions on the country. In response North Korea has threatened the United States, South Korea and Japan with pre-emptive nuclear strikes. However, in 2018, North Korea suggested that they may disarm their nuclear arsenal after negotiations with the United States.
- In 2015, Iran and other world powers agreed to trade sanctions relief for explicit constraints on Irans contentious nuclear program, including allowing the inspections of nuclear facilities by the International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA. On 16 January 2016 the IAEA confirmed that Iran had complied with the agreement, allowing the United Nations to lift sanctions immediately. However, on 8 May 2018, United States President Donald Trump announced the United States was withdrawing from the deal.
1.3. Politics and conflicts Terrorist attacks
The most prominent terrorist attacks committed against civilian populations during the decade include, but are not limited to:
1.4. Politics and conflicts International relations
China was increasingly called a superpower in the early 2010s, including at the 2011 meeting between President Hu Jintao and United States President Barack Obama. China overtook the U.S. as the worlds largest trading nation, filing the most patents, expanding its military, landing its lunar rover Yutu on the moon ending a four-decade lack of lunar exploration and creating Chinas Oriental Movie Metropolis as a major film and cultural center. China was projected to have the worlds largest economy by 2018 with an estimated GDP per capita equal to the U.S. by the late 2050s. In 2018, global military spending reached the highest it has been since 1988, late Cold War levels, largely fueled by increased defense spending by China and the United States, whose budgets together accounted for half of the worlds total military spending. In 2019, the Lowy Institute Asia Power Index, which measures the projections of power in the Indo-Pacific, called both China and the United States the superpowers of the 21st century, citing immense influence in almost all eight indexes of power.
Along with China, a Vladimir Putin-led Russia also steadily increased its defense spending and continued to modernize its military capabilities throughout the decade, including the development of the T-14 Armata main battle tank and the fifth-generation Sukhoi Su-57 jet fighter. Russia also flexed its power projection capabilities, particularly demonstrated during the 2014 annexation of Crimea and its interventions in eastern Ukraine and the Syrian Civil War; Wagner Group had a significant presence in both conflicts. Russia also notably waged information warfare campaigns against its geopolitical foes, including interfering in the 2016 U.S. elections via hacking and leaking emails of U.S. political party leadership and by spreading disinformation via the Internet Research Agency. Other alleged Russian intelligence operations included the Skripal poisonings and the Montenegrin coup plot, both of which were attributed by some to the Unit 29155 organization. Collectively, these activities - and the Western-led efforts to combat the influence of Russian oligarchs and political interests - have been referred to as the Second Cold War.
The European Union went through several crises. The European debt crisis caused severe economic problems to several eurozone member states, most severely Greece. The 2015 migration crisis led to several million people entering the EU illegally in a short period of time. There was a significant rise in the vote shares of several eurosceptic parties, including the League in Italy, Alternative for Germany, and the Finns Party in Finland. As a result of a referendum, the United Kingdom became the first member state in the EUs history to initiate proceedings for leaving the Union.
1.5. Politics and conflicts Polarization
Socio-political polarization increased as conservatives and social liberals clashed over the role and size of government and other social, economic and environmental issues in the West. In the United States, polls showed a divided electorate regarding healthcare reform, immigration, gun rights, taxation, job creation, and debt reduction. In Europe, movements protesting increasing numbers of refugees from Islamic countries developed, such as the English Defence League and Pegida. The trend of polarization in the West was partially influenced by the prevalence of identity politics, both left-wing and right-wing, among activist movements. Beginning around 2011, far-left and progressive concepts such as combating social inequality and partaking in the progressive stack proliferated notably among feminist and social justice groups, particularly in North America and Western Europe. Around the middle of the decade, phenoms such as white nationalism, identitarianism and emboldened feelings of nativism saw a marked reemergence among far-right discourse in the West. There were also increased calls for egalitarianism, including between the sexes, and some scholars assert that a fourth wave of feminism began around 2012, with a primary focus on intersectionality.
1.6. Politics and conflicts Antiestablishment politics
Populism in politics saw a widespread surge throughout the decade, with many politicians and various political movements expressing populist sentiments and utilizing populist rhetoric. This included conservative wave phenomenon in Latin America and neo-nationalist fervor in Europe and North America. The 2019 European Parliament election saw the highest voter turnout in two decades and saw relatively moderate center-right and center-left parties suffer significant losses to less moderate far-right, environmentalist, and both pro-EU and eurosceptic parties, who made notable gains. Notable examples of 2010s populist movements included the Tea Party movement, Occupy Wall Street, Brexit, Black Lives Matter, and the alt-right. Examples of populist country leaders were just as extensive, with Donald Trump, Narendra Modi, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, Hugo Chavez, Matteo Salvini, Jair Bolsonaro, Rodrigo Duterte, Boris Johnson and others, left and right-wing, described as such.
Related to the rise of populism and protests movements was the decline of traditional political parties. In Europe, pasokification described the loss of vote share experienced by traditional center-left or social democratic parties. In France, specifically, the collapse of traditional parties was especially notable, with Emmanuel Macrons La Republique En Marche! winning a majority in its first election in 2017.
Center-left and traditional social democratic parties often lost their vote share to more socialist or democratic socialist alternatives, especially in Europe. This happened most completely in Greece, where PASOK was replaced by Syriza as the main left-wing party. Other far-left parties which rose in prominence included Podemos in Spain and La France Insoumise in France. In the two-party systems of the English-speaking world, these challenges mainly came from within the established parties of the left, with Bernie Sanders in the Democratic Party and Jeremy Corbyn in the Labour Party pushing for more left-wing policies.
The political establishment was also challenged in many countries by protest movements, often organised through new social media platforms. These included the various Arab Spring protests, the Occupy movement, and the yellow vests movement. For a comprehensive list, see list of protests in the 21st century.
1.7. Politics and conflicts Democracy and authoritarianism
Countries which democratized fully or partially during the decade included Angola, which reformed under João Lourenço; Armenia, which went through a revolution; Ecuador, which reformed under Lenin Moreno; Ethiopia; and Malaysia, where the ruling party lost the first election since independence.
Long-term dictators ousted from power included Muammar Gaddafi of Libya after 42 years, Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe 37 years, Ali Abdullah Saleh of Yemen 33 years, Omar al-Bashir of Sudan 30 years, Hosni Mubarak of Egypt 29 years, and Ben Ali of Tunisia 23 years.
Democratic backsliding occurred in countries such as Hungary, Venezuela, and Turkey.
The Arab Winter refers to the resurgence of authoritarianism, absolute monarchies and Islamic extremism evolving in the aftermath of the Arab Spring protests in Arab countries. The term "Arab Winter" refers to the events across Arab League countries in the Mid-East and North Africa, including the Syrian Civil War, the Iraqi insurgency and the following civil war, the Egyptian Crisis, the Libyan Crisis and the Crisis in Yemen. Events referred to as the Arab Winter include those in Egypt that led to the removal of Mohamed Morsi and the seizure of power by General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi in an anti-Muslim Brotherhood campaign.
1.8. Politics and conflicts Deaths
Sitting world leaders such as Hugo Chavez, Muammar Gaddafi, Kim Jong-il, Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, Lech Kaczynski, Islam Karimov and Tunisias first freely elected president, Beji Caid Essebsi, all died in office, as did former leaders Fidel Castro, Lee Kuan Yew, Nelson Mandela, Margaret Thatcher, Robert Mugabe, Giulio Andreotti, Jacques Chirac, Helmut Schmidt, Helmut Kohl, Mohamed Morsi, Ariel Sharon, Shimon Peres, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Vaclav Havel, Malcolm Fraser, Bob Hawke, B. J. Habibie, Yasuhiro Nakasone, Alan Garcia, Jorge Rafael Videla, Nestor Kirchner, Fernando de la Rua, Patricio Aylwin, Itamar Franco, Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and George H. W. Bush.
1.9. Politics and conflicts Coups
Coups detat against ruling governments during the decade include:
The following tables of events is listed by the region and by chronological order. The prominent political events include, but are not limited to:
1.10. Politics and conflicts Notable world leaders
This is a list of leaders of states and notable organisations. Names of leaders shown in bold remained in power continuously throughout the decade.
The 2010s began amidst a global financial crisis that started in the late 2000s. A sovereign-debt crisis in Europe began in early 2010, and the Greek government admitted that it was having difficulties servicing its large sovereign debt. In the summer and fall of 2011, bond yields for Italy and Spain spiked above 6 percent. By 2015 bond rates had returned to normal ranges across Europe, save for Greece, which accepted another, even more stringent bailout package. The size of the European Financial Stability Facility was increased from €440 billion to €2 trillion. Despite the Eurozone debt crisis, the American Dow Jones Industrial Average had its longest stretch of gains since the late 1990s tech boom. However, economic issues, including inflation and an increase in commodity prices, sparked unrest in many lower-income countries. In some countries, particularly those in the Arab world, political unrest evolved into socioeconomic crises, resulting in the Arab Spring.
In 2010, China became the second largest global economy, surpassing Japan. Japan also saw a rating downgrade the following year due to debt burden. In August 2011, the S&P downgraded the United States credit rating from triple AAA to AA-plus following a debt ceiling crisis. Also in 2011, a Gallup poll found that more than half of Americans believed the country was still in a recession. In June 2015, the Shanghai Stock Exchange lost a third of the value of A-shares within one month, an event known as the 2015–16 Chinese stock market turbulence. India became the fastest growing major economy of the world in 2015, surpassing China. In 2018, as the U.S. Federal Reserve raised interest rates, fears of a yield curve inversion preceding a potential U.S. recession sent inflation higher in several emerging markets, including Argentina, where interest rates hit 40% and an International Monetary Fund bail out was issued. In 2019, Singapore supplanted the United States as the worlds most competitive economy, with the U.S. dropping to third, behind Hong Kong.
As a result of the global recession, many central banks instituted a zero interest-rate policy, or close to it. Another form of monetary stimulus was that of quantitative easing. The resulting flood of market liquidity caused a rise in asset prices. As a result, for example, US stock prices reached record highs. Another concequence has been the rise in housing prices in many major world cities. Some of the cities which recorded the most dramatic rises included Sydney, San Francisco, Vancouver, and Auckland.
Global oil production in 2014 reached a historic peak, reaching 93 million barrels/day. In 2018, partially due to a shale boom, the United States overcame Russia and Saudi Arabia in becoming the worlds largest crude oil producer, the first time since 1973. Around the year 2017 is a period seen by some economists as being the new peak of a "goldilocks economy". The International Monetary Funds April 2019 World Economic Outlook stated, "After peaking at close to 4 percent in 2017, global growth remained strong, at 3.8 percent in the first half of 2018, but dropped to 3.2 percent in the second half of the year."
In 2018, United States President Donald Trump announced he would put into place new tariffs on some Chinese products, starting the US-China Trade War, an economic conflict involving the worlds two largest economies. Trump said the reasoning for the trade war is to punish China for unfair trade practices, such as the appropriation of jobs and the theft of American intellectual property. China responded with tariffs of its own, and a cycle began, escalating the conflict to the situation faced today. As part of his America First policy, Trump also announced new tariffs were being placed on countries around the world for various products such as steel and aluminum, which has drawn some economic retaliation.
By the end of the decade, in North American and some Western European domestic economies, consumer-level purchasing habits had shifted significantly, a partial consequence of the Great Recessions impact on discretionary incomes and a shifting breadwinner model. The so-called "retail apocalypse" had commenced as consumers increasingly resorted to online shopping and e-commerce, accelerating the decline of brick-and-mortar retail and the continued decline of indoor shopping malls. The transitioning retail industry and popularity of online shopping facilitated economic phenomena such as bricks and clicks business models, pop-up and non-store retailing, drone delivery services, ghost restaurants, and a quickly maturing online food ordering and delivery service sector. This was only further perpetuated by the rise in cryptocurrency throughout the decade, such as Bitcoin. By May 2018, over 1.800 cryptocurrency specifications existed.
In the same vein as cryptocurrency, the trend towards a cashless society continued as non-cash transactions and digital currency saw an increase in favorability in the 2010s. By 2016, only about 2 percent of the value transacted in Sweden was by cash, and only about 20 percent of retail transactions were in cash. Fewer than half of bank branches in the country conducted cash transactions. 1 in 7 people in the United Kingdom reported no longer carrying or using physical cash. The 2016 United States User Consumer Survey Study claimed that 75 percent of respondents preferred a credit or debit card as their payment method while only 11 percent of respondents preferred cash.
3. Cyber security and hacking
Cyber security incidents, such as hacking, leaks or theft of sensitive information, gained increased attention of governments, corporations and individuals.
AIDS, a pandemic responsible for killing over 30 million people since its discovery in the early 1980s, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, became a treatable condition, though only two cases have been cured. With good treatment patients can generally expect normal lives and lifespans. However, as of 2011 only some 5 million of the 12 million afflicted have access to such treatment.
5. Science and technology
These are the most significant scientific developments of each year, based on the annual Breakthrough of the Year award of the American Association for the Advancement of Science journal Science.
- 2014: Rosetta comet mission
- 2016: The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory makes the first observation of gravitational waves, fulfilling Einsteins prediction
- 2015: CRISPR genome-editing method
- 2013: Cancer immunotherapy
- 2010: The first quantum machine
- 2011: HIV treatment as prevention HPTN 052
- 2012: Discovery of the Higgs boson
- 2017: Cosmic convergence: Neutron star merger GW170817
- 2018: Development cell by cell
- 2019: A black hole made visible.
5.1. Science and technology Space
- 2012: SpaceXs Dragon spacecraft became the first private commercial spacecraft to attach to the International Space Station, the first commercial spacecraft to rendezvous with another spacecraft.
- 2016: NASA launches OSIRIS-REx, its first asteroid sample return mission. The probe will visit Bennu and is expected to return with samples in 2023.
- 2015: NASA announced that liquid water had been found on Mars.
- 2014: The Orion spacecraft completed its first test flight, an unmanned orbital and reentry flight.
- 2013: The Chinese Change 3 landed on the Moon, the first Lunar landing in 37 years.
- 2016: The ESA and Roscosmos launched the joint ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter on a mission to Mars.
- 2018: NASAs Dawn mission concludes after it runs out of hydrazine fuel.
- 2016: Proxima Centauri b is discovered as closest exoplanet to Earth that may be habitable.
- 2018: SpaceXs Falcon Heavy rocket successfully performs its first flight. Designed to carry humans to the Moon and Mars, as of its launch it was the most powerful rocket in operation.
- 2014: The Philae probe from the Rosetta spacecraft landed on the surface of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko
- 2018: Maya-1, the first Filipino nanosatellite was deployed from the International Space Station.
- 2016: NASAs Juno spacecraft enters orbit around Jupiter and begins a 20-month survey of the planet.
- 2011: NASA announced that its Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter captured photographic evidence of possible liquid water on Mars during warm seasons.
- 2018: Diwata-2, the second microsatellite under the Philippine Scientific Earth Observation Microsatellite PHL-Microsat program has deployed to space.
- 2019: Chinese probe Change 4 becomes the first human-made object to land on the far side of the Moon.
- 2019: The first image of the supermassive black hole inside galaxy Messier 87 was captured by the Event Horizon Telescope.
- 2015: SpaceXs Falcon 9 rocket successfully landed after a launch, making it the first rocket to successfully return and perform a vertical landing.
- 2019: NASA concludes the 15-year Opportunity rover mission after being unable to wake the rover from hibernation.
- 2015: NASAs Dawn probe entered orbit around Ceres, becoming the first spacecraft to visit a dwarf planet.
- 2016: Solar Impulse 2 becomes the first solar-powered aircraft to circumnavigate the Earth.
- 2011: The United States Space Shuttle program officially ended following its last mission, STS-135, flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis.
- 2018: NASAs Kepler mission ends after the spacecraft runs out of fuel.
- 2016: Diwata-1 was launched to the International Space Station ISS aboard the Cygnus spacecraft on a supply mission.
- 2012: NASA landed the Curiosity rover in Gale crater on Mars.
- 2015: NASAs New Horizons probe became the first spacecraft to reach Pluto, completing its main mission.
5.2. Science and technology Technology
Big data and "Big Tech" saw an expansion in size and power in the 2010s, particularly FAANG corporations. The growing influence of "Big Tech" over cyberspace drew scrutiny and increased oversight from national governments. The G20 countries began closing tax loopholes and the European Union began asserting legal guidelines over domains such as data privacy, copyright, and hate speech, the latter of which helped fuel a debate over tech censorship and free speech online, particularly deplatforming. Throughout the decade, the United States increasingly scrutinized the tech industry, from attempted copyright regulations to threatening antitrust probes. Increased protectionism and attempts to regulate and localize the internet by national governments also raised fears of cyber-balkanization in the later half of the decade.
5.3. Science and technology Communications and electronics
- Mobile apps become commercially available in the early 2010s, along with popular app stores such as Google Play, iOS App Store, and Microsoft Store.
- Throughout the early 2010s, sales for PCs declined in favor of tablet computers and laptop convertibles; in 2012, tablet and smartphone sales overtook netbooks and Samsung overtook Nokia for the first time as the largest mobile phone maker in the world; in 2013 in developed countries, smartphone sales surpassed feature phones.
- In April 2019, South Korea became the first country to adopt 5G broadband. Verizon launched its 5G services in the United States just hours later, along with disputing South Koreas claim of becoming the worlds first country with a 5G network. The United Kingdoms first 5G mobile network became operational on 30 May, initially covering parts of six cities.
- Smartphones maintained their strong popularity throughout the 2010s, along with the arrival of tablets. Apple Inc. launched the iPad in 2010, its first tablet computer, which offered multi-touch interaction. The iPad became an immediate bestseller and only months after its release became the best selling tech product in history. By the mid-2010s, almost all smartphones were touchscreen-only, and Android and iPhone smartphones dominated the market.
- In 2011, more than 2 billion people used the Internet, one billion mobile broadband users predicted and 4.6 billion people worldwide were subscribed to mobile phones, and Americans spent more time using mobile apps than using the World Wide Web.
- At the turn of the decade, the supply of IPv4 internet addresses was exhausted; an early period of transition to IPv6 continued during 2011.
- Social media continuously gained prominence through the convenience of mobile apps, including the services of WhatsApp, Pinterest, Instagram, Snapchat, Tinder, Vine, and TikTok being released throughout the decade. Facebook and Twitter, both of which were released in the 2000s, were still among the most popular social media platforms in the world. Social media offered massive reach to mainstream audiences for both individuals and organizations unseen before, facilitating phenomena such as influencer marketing.
- Streaming media and rental kiosk services such as Netflix and Redbox forced video rental chains such as Blockbusters to close.
- In 2012, Google Chrome became the worlds most used web browser, replacing Internet Explorer, and the Wikimedia Foundation started developing Wikidata, its first new project in six years.
- Smart glasses, such as Google Glass, were also released during this decade.
- Cryptocurrency, such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, gained ground as a digitally alternative way to secure financial transactions, control the creation of additional units, and verify the transfer of assets. Cryptocurrencies also expanded the usage and boundaries of Blockchain.
- Virtual reality took a radical shift in the 2010s, with headsets such as the Oculus Rift gaining popularity. While the device was only capable of rotational tracking, the initial design would later serve as a basis from which the later designs came. Other popular headsets include PlayStation VR, Google Cardboard, HTC Vive, and the Samsung Gear VR.
- Smart watches became more widespread in usage, with over 175 million of them sold in 2018.
- During the decade, 3D printing, 3D modeling, and 3D scanners became increasingly popular, in which the technologies enabled users to join or solidify certain materials to create a concrete three-dimensional object. The 3D printer industry gained over $7 billion in sales.
- Transparent display screens and curved touchscreen displays entered the market, and slowly gained popularity throughout the decade.
- In the mid-late portion of the decade, 4K resolution has been implemented through high-definition displays and gained traction into more U.S. homes in a much faster adoption rate than that of Full HD 1080p.
- In 2016, scientists at MIT created the first five-atom quantum computer with the potential to crack the security of traditional encryption schemes.
- Fixstars Solutions created the worlds first 13 Terabyte SSD in 2016.
- The number of IoT devices increased 31% year-over-year to 8.4 billion in the year 2017 and it is estimated that there will be 30 billion devices by 2020.
5.4. Science and technology Software
- Virtual assistant devices and apps become widely available in the decade, such as Apples Siri, Amazon Alexa on the Amazon Echo device, Samsungs Bixby, Google Assistant on Google-enabled/Android mobile devices, and text online chat, especially in an instant messaging app or other app.
- Artificial intelligence progressed significantly as a result of discoveries made in deep learning in 2012; it bolstered speech recognition and computer vision development and allowed for the fruition of technologies such as Deepfakes.
- Oracle sued Google over the use of Java-related technology in Googles popular Android operating system in 2011. Google won the lawsuit on 26 May 2016, citing fair use.
- The controversial Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 in the Philippines was adopted.
- Following an unprecedented internet protest and blackout campaign, the widely criticized Stop Online Piracy Act bill was temporarily withdrawn in the US Congress in 2012.
- Throughout the decade, Microsoft released three operating systems: Windows 8 2012, Windows 8.1 2013, and Windows 10 2015.
- Collaborative source code sharing website GitHub became the worlds most popular open source hosting site.
5.5. Science and technology Automobiles and transportation
- The trend of shared mobility grew significantly during the decade. Carsharing, bike-sharing, and scooter-sharing services saw substantial growth as multiple economic, social and technological factors such as developments in "last mile" transportation helped changed the way people think about modern transportation, particularly in the Western world.
- Electric and hybrid vehicles start becoming popular in many countries in the Western world during the decade. Notable electric vehicles include the Chevrolet Volt, which became the worlds top selling plug-in hybrid of all time with over 100.000 units sold in 2015. Other hybrid vehicles have also been noted such as the Porsche Panamera and BMW i3.
- Automaker Volkswagen is alleged to have been involved in worldwide rigging of diesel emissions tests in 2015, affecting an estimated 11 million vehicles globally.
- Self-driving cars, while still in their infancy, were widely tested throughout the 2010s with significant progress. Google developed Waymo, the worlds first self-driving car, to be licensed for use on public roads in 2011. In 2018, a woman in Tempe, Arizona became the first recorded casualty of an accident involving an autonomous vehicle.
- Drones become increasingly popular, especially in the assistance of making deliveries, aerial photography, and drone racing.
- In 2013, billionaire entrepreneur Elon Musk proposed the Hyperloop mass transit system. Multiple companies joined in the opportunity to develop the concept.
5.6. Science and technology Miscellaneous
- The e-cigarette gained popularity within the 2010s, with the JUUL e-cigarette becoming the most popular e-cigarette in the U.S. in 2017 with a market share of over 72%, and Altria becoming the most valuable e-cigarette company in the world by 2018. Many cities across the United States started to take action in response to the spike of teenage use in middle schools and high schools. In 2019, San Francisco became the 1st city in the United States to ban the sale of e-cigarettes altogether.
- Self-checkout machines became widespread having started in the late 2000s, in fast-food restaurants, grocery stores, and retail stores during the 2010s, reducing the overall need for human cashiers.
6.1. Society Aging population
The 2010s are the decade in which most baby boomers described as individuals born between 1946 and 1964 in developed nations retire, putting pressure on pension programs and other safety net programs. Many countries reported declining fertility rates in their 2010 censuses. The consequences of an aging society were felt hardest in Europe and Japan, which were the first to experience substantial population decline.
Over 20% of Japans population is over the age of 65, making it the most elderly nation. As a result, Japan examined alternative solutions for elder care, including robots. In the United States, proposals for revising Medicare and Social Security proliferated, including raising the age of retirement or adjusting benefit amounts. Opponents instead wanted to increase benefit levels. In 2010, France debated and raised the retirement age from 60 to 62, despite widespread demonstrations in opposition. A few years later the threshold was lowered back to 60.
6.2. Society Gender relations
Fourth-wave feminism was claimed to have started around 2013. An especially notable feature of it was that of intersectionality, which argued that womens experiences differed radically based on the impact of their other identities, such as class, ethnicity or sexual orientation. The Me Too movement spread as a protest against sexual harassment, especially in professional settings.
An antifeminist backlash also occurred. This was especially prevalent in the online manosphere, such as in the mens rights movement as well as in more exclusionary communities such as incels and Men Going Their Own Way. Misogynist ideologies were also linked to violent attacks against women, with notable examples in the United States being the 2014 Isla Vista killings and the 2018 Tallahassee shooting.
6.3. Society Environmentalism
During the course of the decade, climate change was a growing topic of concern, with more than half of the global population viewing it as a "very serious problem" in 2015 and giving broad support for limits on greenhouse gas emissions to address the issue. Concerns over plastic pollution grew considerably, with the effects of plastic waste on the Earths environment gaining global awareness particularly in the second half of the decade. In 2012, it was estimated that there was approximately 165 million tons of plastic pollution in the worlds oceans. Plastic waste minimisation initiatives were launched around the world, with bans on various plastic products, ranging from plastic bags and straws to plastic cutlery. Plastic pollution was linked to climate change, with a 2019 report warning that by 2050, plastic could emit 56 billion tons of greenhouse gas emissions, as much as 14 percent of the Earths remaining carbon budget.
Threats to biodiversity also gained greater awareness. In its first report since 2005, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services IPBES warned in May 2019 that biodiversity loss was "accelerating", with over a million species threatened with extinction.
Renewable energies enjoyed a surge in popularity, due to lower costs and increased efficiency, receiving more investment than traditional fossil fuels. In 2015, Hawaii became the first state in the United States to formally commit to a plan of developing a 100% clean energy grid. In 2018, Californias state commission approved a plan requiring solar panels for all residential buildings starting in 2020. In China, as pollution reached critical levels, the government began investing in clean energies to improve the air quality.
Greta Thunberg inspired a global movement of young people protesting inaction on climate change with truancy. A concurrent movement, the Extinction Rebellion, used more extreme non-violent methods for the same cause. In the 2019 European Parliament elections, green parties won a record number of seats. In the United States, the proposed Green New Deal rose in prominence.
6.4. Society LGBT rights
During the 2010s, acceptance of LGBT people gradually increased in many parts of the world. Marriage for same-sex couples was an ongoing debate in many nations, while over eighteen nations legalized same-sex marriage.
In June 2011 the United Nations Human Rights Council passed the UNs first-ever motion condemning discrimination against gays, lesbians and bisexuals commissioning a report on the issue. During an ABC News interview in 2012, Barack Obama expressed his support for gay marriage, becoming the first U.S. President to openly do so. Although many nations allowed gays and bisexuals to serve in their militaries, a major milestone came in September 2011 when the U.S. abolished its "Dont ask, dont tell" military policy. In August 2013, New Zealand became the first country in Oceania to allow same-sex couples to marry.
In 2015, Ireland became the first nation to legalize same-sex marriage via referendum. In 2017, Leo Varadkar became Irelands first openly gay Taoiseach, joining the ranks of other nations first openly gay and lesbian heads of state in the 2010s. In May 2019, Taiwan became the first Asian country to legalize same-sex marriage. Botswana decriminalized homosexuality in June 2019 while Ecuador legalized same-sex marriage that same month.
Transgender issues asserted themselves as a mainstream LGBT topic in the 2010s, particularly in the West. In the United States, organizations such as the Girl Scouts and the Episcopal Church announced acceptance of transgender people in the early half of the 2010s. In April 2015, former olympic athlete Caitlyn Jenner came out as a transgender woman, and was subsequently called the most famous openly transgender person in the world at the time.
However, LGBT rights supporters continued to face legal obstacles with the implementation of laws curbing expression of homosexuality in Russia and China, as well as in the United States, with the Trump administrations attempts to reinstate the ban on transgender people serving in the military and the rescission of protections for transgender students. On 24 May 2019, Kenyas Supreme Court upheld laws that criminalize gay sex, declining to join the handful of nations that had recently abolished a prohibition imposed by Britain during the colonial era. By 2019, more than 70 countries continued to have gay sex criminalized, most of them Muslim-majority countries or former British colonies, according to advocacy groups.
6.5. Society Youth culture
Widespread internet use has been around for younger peoples entire lives. The youth of the 2010s were called the "best-behaved generation on record." In May 2014, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control reported that teenage pregnancies and their uses of drugs and alcohol reached record lows. A 2013 survey showed that the rate of teen smoking dropped to 15.7%, the rate of teenagers having unprotected sex dropped to 34% and the rate of teenagers participating in a physical fight dropped to 25%, much lower than their counterparts 22 years earlier. E-cigarette and smokeless tobacco use among teenagers rose. The psychological effects of social media and the internet on the minds of young people, especially children, became an increasing concern during this decade.
7.1. Culture Film
Superhero films became box office leaders. Animated films in the 2010s remained predominantly computer-generated. Traditional animation styles lost favor among general audiences, although 2D anime remained popular, especially with the success of Your Name, The Secret World of Arrietty and One Piece: Film Z.
3D films gained popularity, led by Avatar and Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs in late 2009. In 2010, Avatar became the first film to gross more than US$2 billion. Other 3D releases were also successful. 360-degree video also became widely available with the introduction of consumer virtual reality.
Movies and television struggled to maintain their position, as online viewing grew rapidly. Internet piracy was a major concern for the industry. In 2012, Viacom launched a US$1 billion lawsuit against YouTube for copyright infringement. In early 2012, the United States Congress began debating the SOPA and PIPA bills that were heavily lobbied by the entertainment industry.
Avengers: Endgame grossed over $2.7 billion worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing superhero film of all time and the highest-grossing movie of all time, surpassing 2009s Avatar.
7.2. Culture Television
The American soap opera format lost popularity in favor of reality television and daytime talk shows. Prime-time television serials and Spanish-language telenovelas remain popular globally. A new development in global television is the great popularity of Turkish drama series in parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America. Korean dramas continued to enjoy widespread mainstream popularity across Asia. The launch of Korean entertainment channels like Sony ONE and tvN Asia gave access to millions of viewers across parts of East, South and Southeast Asia to watch Korean programs simultaneously with the South Korean broadcast or hours after its broadcast in South Korea.
Cable providers saw a decline in subscriber numbers as cord cutters switched to lower cost online streaming services such as Hulu, Netflix and Amazon Video. These non-cable, internet-based media streaming services even began producing their own programming. TV sets, such as the Samsung SmartTV, started offering online streaming via television. The advent of streaming services has allowed for more serialized television content to rise in popularity which may allow for more complex and longer storytelling. This phenomenon is often referred to as the "Golden Age of Television", due to the large number of high-quality, internationally acclaimed television programs that debuted or aired during the decade. House of Cards became the first online-only web television series to earn major nominations at the Primetime Emmy Awards in 2013.
7.3. Culture Music
Advances in music technology, such as the ability to use 32 or more tracks in real time, changed the sound of many types of music. Globalism and an increased demand for variety and personalization in the face of music streaming services created many subgenres. Dance and pop music surged into the 2010s, with EDM achieving mass commercial success. EDM, synth-pop, indie, alternative, footwork and trap see mainstream success throughout the early to mid-2010s. R&B and hip hop rose to prominence again during the early 2010s and have consistently remained popular forms of music, with hip hop and R&B surpassing rock and pop music as the most consumed form of music in the United States in 2017. Inspired by video game culture, retrofuturism, cyberpunk, tech noir themes and collective nostalgia for 1980s culture, electronic genres such as vaporwave and synthwave also enjoyed a rise a popularity throughout much of the decade.
Digital music sales topped CD sales in 2012. Music streaming services such as SoundCloud, Spotify, Apple Music and Pandora Radio became the preferred music delivery systems, similar to movie and television streaming services such as Netflix.
7.4. Culture Video gaming
Cloud gaming, virtual reality, stereoscopic 3D gaming and ongoing improvements in graphics were some of the biggest trends. Video game sales declined in the early 2010s, most likely due to the effects of the Great Recession. According to the Entertainment Software Association, in 2014, the average age of a person who played video games was 30.
The decade began dominated primarily by seventh-generation consoles, such as Xbox 360, the PlayStation 3 and Wii. The Wii introduced the sensor bar with compatible sensitive controllers, followed by the PlayStation Move and Kinect. This expanded the video game market to the elderly and those interested in physical therapy.
WIth the release of the Nintendo 3DS in early 2011, which introduced a glasses-free interface for 3D, the handheld became the first eighth-generation handheld. Initially struggling in a market dominated by smartphones, the handheld managed to sell 75 million units by June 2019. The PlayStation Vita followed in 2012, and low sales resulted in Sony discontinuing the console by March 2019 and leaving the handheld space altogether.
2012 introduced the first console in the eighth generation with the Wii U, followed in late 2013 with Xbox One and PlayStation 4. The PlayStation 4 managed to outsell its competitors at around 100+ million units, becoming the best selling console in the eighth generation. On the other hand, the Wii U was the lowest selling console of the eighth generation and one of the worst selling console in Nintendo history, leaving Nintendo to discontinue the platform in January 2017 in favor of the Nintendo Switch, a hybrid console which allows players to play their console games on the go, utilizing a docking station and detachable controllers. The Nintendo Switch was highly successful, managing to outsell the Wii U by January 2018.
Games such as The Sims and many of Blizzards titles remained popular on PCs and expanded to other devices. Minecraft became the best-selling game of all time.
The increased computing power offered by smartphones and computer tablets reinvigorated the mobile gaming market as features such as the app store widened consumers opportunities to choose where to download mobile apps. The revamped platform led the mobile gaming market to reach US$7.8 billion in revenue in 2012 and $50.7 billion in 2017, occupying 43 percent of the entire global gaming market. Early popular and mainstream mobile games of the decade included Angry Birds, Flappy Bird, Candy Crush Saga, Clash of Clans, Fruit Ninja, and Temple Run.
Commercial tethered headsets released for VR gaming include the Oculus Rift and the HTC Vive, and Sonys PlayStation VR which requires a PlayStation instead of a PC to run.
The OnLive console was released in 2010 becoming the first massively produced cloud gaming-based gaming device.
The later half of the decade saw the explosive growth of free-to-play battle royale games such as Epic Games Fortnite Battle Royale and Respawn Entertainments Apex Legends. This model, dubbed "freemium", uses in-game microtransactions and loot boxes to generate revenue. These microtransactions have garnered ethical concerns; the intrusive nature of in-game microtransactions can lead to children accidentally or purposefully rack up a high bill from purchasing in-game items, while the compulsion loop caused by loot boxes has drawn comparisons to gambling addiction.
7.5. Culture Architecture
Postmodernism and green design were common architectural themes. "Sustainable design" emphasized natural lighting, green/white roofs, better insulation and other cost-saving features. New urbanism and urban revival influenced urban planning in the United States and other developed countries. China and the Middle East led in large-scale development.
In 2010, the United Arab Emirates Burj Khalifa became the tallest man-made structure ever built, standing at 828 m 2.717 ft. The United States One World Trade Center, completed in 2014, is the tallest building in North America at 1.776 ft 541 m.
7.6. Culture Art
In 2015 Excessivism emerged. Trends that began since earlier decades are continuing into this decade are: Pop art, altermodern, cynical realism, the Kitsch movement, post-contemporary, metamodernism, pseudorealism, remodernism, renewable energy sculpture, street art, Stuckism, Superflat, Superstroke, urban art, video game art and virtual art.
7.7. Culture Fashion
- Overall, fashion in the 2010s marked a step away from the loose-fitting, ultra casual mode of the 1990s and 2000s. Dress began to skew slightly more formal, with an emphasis on tighter fitting, sleeker, and simpler clothing. A typifying example of this being the athleisure trend. Pastel colors and a variety of minimalistic patterns gained popularity in the 2010s. Towards the end of the decade, popular fashion aesthetics were increasingly influenced by the vaporwave art genre.
- The 2010s were defined by a revival of interwar, austerity era, 1970s, early 1990s and skater fashions.
- Other facial hair styles such as moustaches and goatees were popular during the most part of the decade.
- The undercut, a variation of a crew cut became popular during the decade. The style has been embraced by the hip-hop, hipster and punk subcultures.
- In many Western countries, the growing of a full beard became a popular trend among young males throughout the decade, with some suggesting this was due to the influence of the hipster subculture and the Movember campaign.
- In the early 2010s, many late 2000s fashion trends remained popular, especially the indie pop and emo look which largely draws upon 1960s Mod clothing combined with elements of 1970s garage rock and contemporary alternative fashion. Hipster subculture and the "Thrift Shop" look had a considerable impact upon mainstream fashion.
- Items that were significantly fashionable in the 2010s include the fidget spinner, the self-balancing scooter also known as a "hoverboard", the selfie stick, and smartwatches.
7.8. Culture Food
Gluten-free diets became popular. Fusion cuisine offered a new twist on many traditional food items. An interest in local and organic foods carried over from the mid to late 2000s as a part of green and sustainable living. There was an increase in the number of vegetarians and vegans. Finger foods such as hors doeuvres and tapas were applied to many desserts and comfort foods. Food presentation became more important as social media caused an increase in food photography and sharing. In the United States, soda sales dipped in favor of healthier options, such as sparkling water. Energy drink sales experienced substantially higher growth than coffee.
The 2010s also saw significant early stage developments in cultured meat, a form of cellular agriculture whereby animal cells are cultured in order to grow meat without the need to raise and slaughter animals. This technology also saw substantial investment from billionaire entrepreneurs such as Richard Branson.
7.9. Culture Theatre
In 2013, for the first time, the four nominees for the Best Musical Tony Award were all based on movies. 2016 was the first year in which all the musical acting awards were won by performers of color.
7.10. Culture Sports
- The Chicago Cubs won the World Series, erasing a 108-year championship drought, defeating the Cleveland Indians in Game 7 of the World Series on 3 November 2016.
- WWE Chairman and CEO Vince McMahon announced the return of the XFL with a target relaunch in 2020. The new league will begin with 8 teams, with the promise of less off-field controversies and faster, simpler play in comparison to the rival NFL.
- Usain Bolt became the most successful sprinter in Olympic history, holding world records in the 100 metres, 200 metres and 4 × 100 metres relay.
- On 12 June 2019, the NHLs St. Louis Blues won their first-ever Stanley Cup after 52 years, the longest wait for a first Cup for any NHL team in history. The following night, the NBAs Toronto Raptors, the first Canadian NBA Finalist, won their first ever NBA title and became the first-ever Canadian NBA champion, by defeating the two-time defending champion Golden State Warriors in six games.
- The Portuguese national football team won their first UEFA European Championship in 2016.
- In 2018, the Philadelphia Eagles win Super Bowl LII over the New England Patriots 41–33, ending their 57-year championship drought and bringing home their first ever Super Bowl. Nick Foles wins Super Bowl MVP.
- Australia won the 2015 Cricket World Cup by defeating New Zealand in the final.
- The Spain national football team became the first international football team to win three consecutive major tournaments.
- The 2014 FIFA World Cup is held in Brazil, with Germany claiming their fourth championship by defeating Argentina 1–0 in the final after extra time.
- Spain won the 2010 FIFA World Cup held in South Africa by defeating the Netherlands 1–0 in the final.
- Chile national football team won their first Copa America in 2015 and repeated the feat the following year.
- In May 2016, Leicester City became the sixth team to win the Premier League, becoming English league champions for the first time in their 132-year history. They were considered massive outsiders at 5000–1.
- At the start of the 2017–18 season, the NHL is expanded with the creation of the Vegas Golden Knights. The team forms its debut roster by drafting players from all 30 existing teams and advances to the Stanley Cup Finals.
- The Pittsburgh Penguins repeated as Stanley Cup champions in 2016–2017, becoming the first NHL team to accomplish the occupation since the Detroit Red Wings of 1997–98.
- The 2015 FIFA Womens World Cup expands to 24 teams of 23 players each and becomes the biggest team female sport event.
- The 2018 Winter Olympics were held in Pyeongchang County, Gangwon Province, South Korea, from 9 to 25 February.
- Paris Saint-Germains signing of Neymar in 2017 sets an all-time record for highest football transfer fee at €222 million £198 million.
- France beat Croatia 4–2 to claim their second World Cup title during the 2018 FIFA World Cup Final at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow.
- London became the first city to host the Olympic Games three times in 2012.
- India won the 2011 Cricket World Cup by defeating Sri Lanka in the final.
- England won the 2019 Cricket World Cup by defeating New Zealand in the final.
- On 24 November 2019, in the CFL, the Winnipeg Blue Bombers defeated the Hamilton Tiger Cats at the 107th Grey Cup in Calgary, to win their 11th Grey Cup since 1990.
- The end of the decade saw three Washington, D.C based sports teams earn their first championships: the NHLs Washington Capitals, the WNBAs Washington Mystics and the MLBs Washington Nationals. The Capitals overcame prior playoff troubles to win their first Stanley Cup in 2018 through a 4–1 series win over the Las Vegas Golden Knights in the Finals, 44 years since their founding, and just over a year later in October 2019, the Mystics and the Nationals went on unforgettable playoff runs, with both ending in an intense winner-takes-all game victory in the final round to achieve their first titles in franchise history. The Nationals first World Series title, won against the Houston Astros, was the second-ever one for the city, 95 years after the Washington Senators won its first title.
- Michael Phelps became the most decorated Olympian ever after winning his 22nd medal in the 2012 Summer Olympics.
- New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady was awarded his fourth Super Bowl MVP award after overcoming a 25-point deficit to defeat the Atlanta Falcons in Super Bowl LI, becoming the player with the most Super Bowl MVP awards in NFL history. This was also the first Super Bowl to be held in overtime.
- The Cleveland Cavaliers won their first championship in the 2016 NBA Finals. The Cavaliers were the first in the NBA history to come back from a 1–3 series deficit.
- Jason Collins became the first active male professional athlete in a major American professional team sport to publicly come out as gay.
- In 2015, footballs world governing body FIFA was accused of bribery totaling hundreds of millions of dollars. Fourteen individuals were indicted.