ⓘ Triton X-100

                                     

ⓘ Triton X-100

Triton X-100 n) is a nonionic surfactant that has a hydrophilic polyethylene oxide chain and an aromatic hydrocarbon lipophilic or hydrophobic group. The hydrocarbon group is a 4--phenyl group. Triton X-100 is closely related to IGEPAL CA-630 or former Nonidet P-40, which might differ from it mainly in having slightly shorter ethylene oxide chains. Thus Triton X-100 is slightly more hydrophilic than Igepal CA-630, these two detergents may not be considered to be functionally interchangeable for most applications. Triton X-100 was originally a registered trademark of Rohm & Haas Co. It was subsequently purchased by Union Carbide and then acquired by Dow Chemical Company upon the acquisition of Union Carbide. Soon afterward, Dow also acquired Rohm & Haas Co. Other trademarks for very similar compounds include Conco NI, Dowfax 9N, Igepal CO, Makon, Neutronyx 600s, Nonipol NO, Plytergent B, Renex 600s, Solar NO, Sterox, Serfonic N, T-DET-N, Tergitol NP, Triton N, etc.

Triton X detergents have little to do with a series of Pluronic detergents sold by the company "BASF". In pluronics are three-block copolymers of ethylene oxide and of propylene oxide with the ethylene oxide segments being more hydrophilic than the propylene oxide.