ⓘ 1922

                                     

ⓘ 1922

1922 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1922nd year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 922nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 22nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1922, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

                                     

1.1. Events January

  • January 24 – Christian K. Nelson patents the Eskimo Pie.
  • January 28 – Knickerbocker Storm: Snowfall from the biggest-ever recorded snowstorm in Washington, D.C., causes the roof of the Knickerbocker Theatre to collapse, killing 98.
  • January 10 – Arthur Griffith is elected President of Dail Eireann.
  • January 7 – Dail Eireann, the parliament of the Irish Republic, ratifies the Anglo-Irish Treaty by 64–57 votes.
  • January 29 – The union of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador is dissolved.
  • January 13 – The flu epidemic has claimed 804 victims in Britain.
  • January 15 – Michael Collins becomes Chairman of the Irish Provisional Government.
  • January 12 – The British government releases the remaining Irish prisoners captured in the War of Independence.
  • January 11 – The first successful insulin treatment of diabetes is made, by Frederick Banting in Toronto.
  • January 26 – Italian forces occupy Misrata, Libya; the reconquest of Libya begins.
  • January 8 – The Social Democratic Youth League of Norway is founded.
  • January 9 – Julieta founds the Chilean Communist Party.
  • January – The year begins with the British Empire at its largest extent, covering a quarter of the world and ruling over one in four people on Earth.
                                     

1.2. Events February

  • February 1 – Irish American film director William Desmond Taylor is found murdered at his home in Los Angeles; the case is never solved.
  • February – Ring Magazine is first published.
  • Pope Pius XI Achille Ratti succeeds Pope Benedict XV, to become the 259th pope.
  • February 6
  • February 5 – DeWitt and Lila Wallace publish the first issue of Readers Digest.
  • The Five Power Naval Disarmament Treaty is signed between the United States, United Kingdom, Japan, France and Italy. Japan returns some of its control over the Shandong Peninsula to China.
  • February 2 – Ulysses, by James Joyce, is published in Paris on his 40th birthday by Sylvia Beach.
  • In the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, the Cheka becomes the Gosudarstvennoye Politicheskoye Upravlenie GPU, a section of the NKVD.
  • February 8
  • President of the United States Warren G. Harding introduces the first radio in the White House.
  • February 14
  • Baragoola, the last of the Binngarra class Manly ferries, is launched at Balmain, New South Wales.
  • Finnish Minister of the Interior Heikki Ritavuori is assassinated by Ernst Tandefelt.
  • February 28 – The Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence by the United Kingdom ends its protectorate over Egypt, and grants the country nominal independence, reserving control of military and diplomatic matters.
  • February 25 – French serial killer Henri Desire Landru is beheaded by the guillotine.
  • February 15 – The inaugural session of the Permanent Court of International Justice PCIJ is held.
  • February 26 – Leser v. Garnett: The Supreme Court of the United States rebuffs a challenge to the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which gave women the right to vote.
                                     

1.3. Events March

  • An ice mass breaks the Oder Dam in Breslau.
  • The British Civil Aviation Authority is established.
  • March 2
  • March 13 – Edward, Prince of Wales, inaugurates the Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College in Dehradun, India, marking a capitulation of the Governor General and Secretary of State for India, to growing pressure for Indianization of the officer cadre of the Indian Army.
  • March 10 – Mohandas Gandhi is arrested in Bombay for sedition.
  • March 20 – The USS Langley is commissioned as the first United States Navy aircraft carrier.
  • March 18 – In British India, Mahatma Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for sedition he serves only two.
  • March 26 – The German Social Democratic Party is founded in Poland.
  • March 22 – Radio station WLW in Cincinnati begins broadcasting.
  • March 15 – Egypt having gained self-government from the United Kingdom, Fuad I becomes King of Egypt.
  • March 31 – The Hinterkaifeck Murders occur in Germany, on a late evening.
  • March 4 – The movie Nosferatu is released.
  • March 10–14 – The Rand Rebellion, a strike by white South African mine workers, begins on 28 December 1921, and becomes open rebellion against the state.
  • March 23 – Queensland, Australia abolishes the Legislative Council Upper House.


                                     

1.4. Events April

  • April 7
  • Teapot Dome scandal: The United States Secretary of the Interior leases Teapot Dome oil reserves in Wyoming.
  • April 3 – Joseph Stalin is appointed General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party.
  • The first midair collision occurs, between a Daimler Airway de Havilland DH.18 and a Grands Express Aeriens Farman Goliath over Poix-de-Picardie, Amiens, France.
  • April 1 – South African Railways takes control of all railway operations in South West Africa.
  • April 13 – The State of Massachusetts opens all public offices to women.
  • April 16 – The Treaty of Rapallo marks a rapprochement between the Weimar Republic and Bolshevik Russia.
  • April 22 – The Lambda Chapter of the Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated the first chapter of a black sorority in New York State is chartered.
  • April 24 – The first portion of the Imperial Wireless Chain, a strategic international wireless telegraphy network created to link the British Empire, is opened, from England to Egypt.
  • April 12 – The United Kingdoms Prince of Wales arrives in Yokohama aboard HMS Renown and rides by train to Tokyo, starting a one-month visit to Japan.
  • April 10 – Genoa Conference: The representatives of 34 countries convene to speak in Genoa, Italy about monetary economics, in the wake of World War I.
                                     

1.5. Events May

  • May 18 – Sergei Diaghilev, Igor Stravinsky, Pablo Picasso, Marcel Proust, James Joyce, Erik Satie and Clive Bell dine together in Paris, at the Majestic hotel, their only joint meeting.
  • May 5 – In The Bronx, construction begins on Yankee Stadium.
  • May 19 – The All-Russian Young Pioneer Organisation is established.
  • May 8 – In Moscow, eight priests, two laymen, and one woman are sentenced to death for opposition to the Soviet governments confiscation of church property.
  • May 11 – Radio station KGU begins broadcasting in Hawaii.
  • May 3 – Viktor Kingissepp, leader of the underground Estonian Communist Party, is executed in Estonia.
  • May 29 – British Liberal MP Horatio Bottomley is jailed for seven years for fraud.
  • May 30 – In Washington, D.C., the Lincoln Memorial is dedicated.
                                     

1.6. Events June

  • The Royal Ulster Constabulary is officially founded.
  • Bolshevik forces defeat Basmachi troops, under Enver Pasha.
  • June 1
  • June 26 – Louis Honore Charles Antoine Grimaldi becomes Reigning Prince Louis II of Monaco.
  • The Irish Civil War and Battle of Dublin begin when the Irish National Army, using artillery loaned by the British, begins to bombard the anti-Treaty Irish Republican Army forces occupying the Four Courts in Dublin. Fighting in Dublin lasts until July 5.
  • June 28
  • The Syrian Federation is constituted.
  • June 11 – Robert J. Flahertys Nanook of the North, the first commercially successful feature-length documentary film, premieres in the U.S.
  • June 22 – Irish Republican Army agents assassinate British Army field marshal Sir Henry Wilson in London; the assassins are sentenced to death on July 18.
  • June 24 – Weimar Republic foreign minister Walther Rathenau is assassinated; the murderers are captured on July 17.
  • June 14 – President of the United States Warren G. Harding makes his first speech on the radio.


                                     

1.7. Events July

  • July 11 – The Hollywood Bowl opens.
  • July 20 – The German protectorate of Togoland is divided into the League of Nations mandates of French Togoland and British Togoland.
  • July – Hyperinflation in Germany means that 563 marks are now needed to buy a single American dollar – almost double the 263 needed eight months before, dwarfing the mere 12 needed in April 1919, and even the 47 needed in December of that year.
  • July 27 – The Cherkess Adyghe Autonomous Oblast is established within the Russian SFSR.
  • July 17 – The final signings of Treaty 11, an agreement between George V, King of Canada, and various Canadian First Nations, are conducted at Fort Liard.
                                     

1.8. Events August

  • A Turkish large-scale attack opens against Greek forces in Afyon; Turkish victory is achieved on August 27.
  • Morocco revolts against the Spanish.
  • August 23
  • August 2 – A typhoon hits Shantou, China, killing more than 5.000 people.
  • August 22 – Irish Civil War: General Michael Collins is assassinated in West Cork.
  • August 28 – Japan agrees to withdraw its troops from Siberia.
  • August – Hyperinflation in Germany sees the value of the Papiermark against the dollar rise to 1.000.
                                     

1.9. Events September

  • September 9 – Turkish forces pursuing withdrawing Greek troops enter Izmir, effectively ending the Greco-Turkish War 1919–22.
  • The Mandate of Palestine is approved by the Council of the League of Nations.
  • September 11
  • The Sun News-Pictorial, a predecessor of the Melbourne, Australia, Herald Sun, is founded.
  • September 3 – The Autodromo Nazionale Monza, the worlds third purpose-built motorsport race track, is officially opened at Monza in the Lombardy Region of Italy.
  • September 18 – The Kingdom of Hungary joins the League of Nations.
  • September 24 O. S. September 11 - 11 September 1922 Revolution in Greece.
  • September 13 – The Gdynia Seaport Construction Act is passed by the Polish Parliament.
  • September 13–15 – The Great Fire of Smyrna destroys most of Izmir. Responsibility is disputed.
  • September 29 – Drums in the Night Trommeln in der Nacht becomes the first play by Bertolt Brecht to be staged, at the Munich Kammerspiele.
  • September 17 – Dutch cyclist Piet Moeskops becomes world champion sprinter.


                                     

1.10. Events October

  • October 27 – Southern Rhodesians reject union with South Africa in a referendum.
  • October 1 – G. I. Gurdjieff opens his Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man at Fontainebleau, France.
  • October 25 – The Third Dail enacts the Constitution of the Irish Free State.
  • October 18 – The British Broadcasting Company is formed.
  • In Italy, the March on Rome brings the National Fascist Party and Benito Mussolini to power. Italy begins a dark period of dictatorship that lasts until the end of the Second World War, but at the same time becomes the predominant power in the Mediterranean.
  • The Red Army occupies Vladivostok.
  • October 28
  • Rose Bowl Stadium officially opened in Pasadena, California
  • October 15 – T. S. Eliot establishes The Criterion magazine, containing the first publication of his poem The Waste Land. This first appears in the United States later this month in The Dial dated November 1, and is first published complete with notes in book form, by Boni and Liveright in New York in December.
  • October 26 – Hogarth Press publishes the Virginia Woolf novel Jacobs Room.
  • October 3 – Rebecca L. Felton becomes the first female U.S. senator, when Georgias governor gives her a temporary appointment, pending an election to replace Senator Thomas Watson, who had died suddenly.
  • 3.000 German marks are now needed to buy a single American dollar – triple the figure three months ago.
  • October
  • The Russian Civil War ends, with the colonies remaining part of Russia.
  • October 31 – Benito Mussolini, 39, becomes the youngest ever Prime Minister of Italy.


                                     

1.11. Events November

  • The Ottoman Empire is abolished after 600 years, and its last sultan, Mehmed VI, abdicates, leaves for exile in Italy on November 17.
  • November 1
  • A broadcasting license fee of ten shillings is introduced in the United Kingdom.
  • 1922 Guayaquil general strike: During a 3-day strike action in the city of Guayaquil, Ecuador, police and military fire into a crowd, killing at least 300.
  • November 12 – Sigma Gamma Rho ΣΓΡ Sorority, Incorporated is founded by seven educators in Indianapolis, Indiana. The group becomes an incorporated national collegiate sorority on December 30, 1929, when a charter is granted to the Alpha Chapter at Butler University in Indianapolis.
  • November 15
  • November 4 – In Egypt, English archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to Pharaoh Tutankhamuns tomb, in the Valley of the Kings.
  • In the 1922 United Kingdom general election forced by the Conservatives withdrawal from the coalition government, the Conservative Party wins an overall majority. Labour for the first time becomes the main opposition party, winning more seats than the divided Liberals. A dining club of newly-elected Conservative Members of Parliament evolves the following year into the 1922 Committee.
  • November 14 – The British Broadcasting Company BBC begins radio service in the United Kingdom, broadcasting from station 2LO in London.
  • November 19– Abdulmecid II, Crown Prince of the Ottoman Empire, is elected Caliph.
  • November 24 – Popular author and anti-Treaty Republican Erskine Childers is executed by firing squad in Dublin, after conviction by an Irish Free State military court for the unlawful possession of a gun, a weapon presented to him by Michael Collins in 1920 as a gift.
  • November 21 – Rebecca Felton of Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first woman United States Senator.
  • November 26 – Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon become the first people to see inside KV62, the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun, in over 3.000 years.
                                     

1.12. Events December

  • December 9 – Gabriel Narutowicz is elected the first president of Poland.
  • December 6 – The Irish Free State officially comes into existence. George V becomes the Free States monarch. Tim Healy is appointed first Governor-General of the Irish Free State, and W. T. Cosgrave becomes President of the Executive Council.
  • December 16 – Gabriel Narutowicz, sworn on December 11 as first president of the Second Polish Republic, is assassinated by a right-wing sympathizer in Warsaw.
  • December 11 – The trial of Edith Thompson and Frederick Bywaters ends at the Old Bailey in London, for the murder of Thompsons husband; both are found guilty and sentenced to death.
  • December 27 – Japanese aircraft carrier Hōshō becomes the first purpose-designed aircraft carrier to be commissioned.
  • December – The year ends with hyperinflation showing no sign of slowing down in Germany, with 7.000 marks now needed to buy a single American dollar.
  • December 30 – Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and the Transcaucasian Republic Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia come together to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, dissolved in 1991.
  • December 5 – The British Parliament enacts the Irish Free State Constitution Act, by which it legally sanctions the new Constitution of the Irish Free State.
  • December 20 – Antigone by Jean Cocteau appears on stage in Paris, with settings by Pablo Picasso, music by Arthur Honegger and costumes by Gabrielle Chanel.


                                     

1.13. Events Date unknown

  • The California grizzly bear becomes extinct.
  • The Inter-Parliamentary Union is established.
  • The Amur tiger becomes extinct in South Korea.
  • Bronislaw Malinowskis influential ethnological text, Argonauts of the Western Pacific, is published.
  • Kurd Istigdul Djemijetin, the Kurdish Independence Committee, is founded.
  • Vegemite is invented by Australian entrepreneur Fred Walker.
  • The Barbary lion becomes extinct in the wild, with the last killed in Morocco, in the area of the Zelan and Beni Mguild Forests.
  • Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, designs and makes rodeos first hornless bronc saddle at Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.
  • Thompson Webb founds the Webb School of California for boys in Claremont.
  • Wracked by rapid inflation and political assassinations, and motivated by hostility and arrogance as well, the Weimar Republic announces its inability to pay more, and proposes a moratorium on reparations for 3 years.
  • The Molly Pitcher Club is formed to promote the repeal of Prohibition in the United States.
                                     

2.1. Births January

  • January 4
  • January 1 – Fritz Hollings, American politician d. 2019
  • January 2 – Blaga Dimitrova, Bulgarian poet and politician d. 2003
  • Haven J. Barlow, American politician
  • January 3 – John R. Schmidhauser, American politician d. 2018
  • Karl-Erik Nilsson, Swedish wrestler d. 2017
  • January 6 – Hugo Broch, German lieutenant and pilot
  • Har Gobind Khorana, Indian biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine d. 2011
  • January 8 – Jan Nieuwenhuys, Dutch painter d. 1986
  • January 9
  • January 5 – Helen Smith, American female baseball player d. 2019
  • Ahmed Sekou Toure, Guinean politician, President of Guinea 1958-1984 d. 1984
  • January 12 – Tadeusz Zychiewicz, Polish journalist, art historian and publicist d. 1994
  • January 13
  • January 10 – Terence Kilmartin, Irish journalist, translator d. 1991
  • Bud Anderson, American fighter pilot
  • Albert Lamorisse, French film director d. 1970
  • Miodrag Jovanovic, Serbian footballer d. 2009
  • Betty White, American actress, television personality and animal welfare activist
  • Nicholas Katzenbach, United States Attorney General d. 2012
  • January 16 – Ernesto Bonino, Italian singer d. 2008
  • January 17
  • Luis Echeverria, 50th President of Mexico
  • Bell M. Shimada, American fisheries scientist d. 1958
  • January 14 – Guy Stern, German literary scholar
  • Lila Cockrell, former Mayor of San Antonio d. 2019
  • January 19
  • Guy Madison, American actor d. 1996
  • January 20
  • Ray Anthony, American trumpet player, composer, bandleader and actor
  • Ed Westcott, American photographer d. 2019
  • Bhisadej Rajani, Taiwanese prince
  • Paul Scofield, English actor d. 2008
  • Sam Mele, American baseball player, manager d. 2017
  • January 21
  • Telly Savalas, American actor, singer d. 1994
  • Lincoln Alexander, Canadian politician d. 2012
  • January 22,
  • Annabelle Lee, American female professional baseball player d. 2008
  • Leonel Brizola, Brazilian politician d. 2004
  • Bill Waterhouse, Australian bookmaker, businessman and barrister d. 2019
  • Howard Moss, American poet, dramatist, and critic d. 1987
  • January 26
  • Ellen Vogel, Dutch film, television actress d. 2015
  • January 24 – Charles Socarides, American psychiatrist d. 2005
  • Bob Thomas, American Hollywood biographer, reporter d. 2014
  • January 30
  • January 29 – Gerda Steinhoff, German Nazi war criminal d. 1946
  • Dick Martin, American comedian d. 2008
  • January 28 – Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine d. 1993
  • Rosemary Kuhlmann, American soprano and actress d. 2019
  • January 31 – Joanne Dru, American actress d. 1996
                                     

2.2. Births February

  • February 2
  • February 1 – Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano d. 2004
  • James L. Usry, American politician, first African-American mayor of Atlantic City, New Jersey d. 2002
  • Robert Chef dHotel, French athlete
  • Juan Marichal, Spanish-Canarian historian, literary critic and essayist d. 2010
  • Stoyanka Mutafova, Bulgarian actress d. 2019
  • Bernard Kalb, American journalist
  • William Edward Phipps, American actor, producer d. 2018
  • February 4
  • Witold Kiezun, Polish economist
  • February 6
  • Patrick Macnee, British actor d. 2015
  • Haskell Wexler, American cinematographer d. 2015
  • Denis Norden, British television, radio scriptwriter and personality d. 2018
  • Antonio Nardini, Italian historian and author
  • Hattie Jacques, English actress d. 1980
  • February 7
  • February 8
  • Yuri Averbakh, Russian chess player and author
  • Audrey Meadows, American actress d. 1996
  • February 9
  • Jim Laker, British cricketer d. 1986
  • Kathryn Grayson, American actress d. 2010
  • Hal Moore, American Lieutenant general, non-fiction writer d. 2017
  • Gordon Tullock, American economist d. 2014
  • February 10 – Arpad Goncz, President of Hungary d. 2015
  • February 13
  • David O. Moberg, American sociologist
  • February 12 – Hussein Onn, third Prime Minister of Malaysia d. 1990
  • Poul Thomsen, Danish actor d. 1988
  • John Bayard Anderson, American Congressman, presidential candidate d. 2017
  • February 15
  • Enrico Banducci, American nightclub owner d. 2007
  • February 16 – Frederic Rossif, French film, television director d. 1991
  • Tommy Edwards, American singer, songwriter d. 1969
  • February 17
  • Connie Wisniewski, American female professional baseball player d. 1995
  • Eric Gairy, 1st Prime Minister of Grenada d. 1997
  • February 18
  • Helen Gurley Brown, American editor, publisher d. 2012
  • J. Keith Fraser, Canadian physical geographer
  • February 22
  • Mohd Hamdan Abdullah, Malaysian politician d. 1977
  • Esperanza Magaz, Cuban-born Venezuelan actress d. 2013
  • February 19 – Margherita Marchione, American Roman Catholic sister, writer, teacher and apologeticist
  • February 23 – James L. Holloway III, American naval officer d. 2019
  • February 24
  • Ruth Godfrey, American film actress d. 1985
  • Richard Hamilton, British painter d. 2011
  • Steven Hill, American actor d. 2016
  • Karl Aage Præst, Danish football player d. 2011
  • Paatje Phefferkorn, Dutch martial artist
  • February 26
  • William Baumol, American economist d. 2017
  • Margaret Leighton, British actress d. 1976
  • February 25 – Molly Reilly, Canadian aviator d. 1980
                                     

2.3. Births March

  • Michael Flanders, English actor, songwriter d. 1975
  • March 1
  • Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize d. 1995
  • William Gaines, American magazine publisher MAD d. 1992
  • March 4
  • March 3 – Nandor Hidegkuti, Hungarian footballer d. 2002
  • Dina Pathak, Gujarati theatre, film actress d. 2002
  • Richard E. Cunha, American cinematographer, film director d. 2005
  • March 2 – Hilarion Capucci, Syrian Catholic bishop d. 2017
  • Martha ODriscoll, American film actress d. 1998
  • March 5 – Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian film director d. 1975
  • Mizuki Shigeru, Japanese author d. 2015
  • March 6 – Wanda Klaff, German Nazi war criminal d. 1946
  • March 8
  • Ralph H. Baer, German-born American inventor d. 2014
  • March 7 – Andy Phillip, American basketball player and coach d. 2001
  • Yevgeny Matveyev, Russian actor, film director d. 2003
  • Cyd Charisse, American actress, dancer d. 2008
  • Herb Douglas, American athlete
  • Flemming Valdemar, Count of Rosenborg d. 2002
  • March 9
  • Floyd McKissick, American lawyer and civil rights activist d. 1991
  • Bill Bainbridge, English footballer d. 1966
  • Lane Kirkland, American union leader d. 1999
  • Jack Kerouac, American author d. 1969
  • March 12
  • March 11 – Abdul Razak Hussein, second Prime Minister of Malaysia d. 1976
  • March 13 – Jim Wiggins, English actor d. 1999
  • March 14
  • Arch Johnson, American actor d. 1997
  • China Zorrilla, Uruguayan actress, director and producer d. 2014
  • March 16 – Harding Lemay, American television scriptwriter, playwright d. 2018
  • Egon Bahr, German politician d. 2015
  • Fred Shuttlesworth, American civil rights leader d. 2011
  • Karl Kordesch, Austrian-American inventor d. 2011
  • March 15 – Karl-Otto Apel, German philosopher d. 2017
  • March 18
  • March 17 – Patrick Suppes, American philosopher d. 2014
  • March 19 – Hiroo Onoda, Japanese officer, WWII holdout d. 2014
  • Arnold Burgen, English physicist, pharmacologist, academic and administrator
  • March 20
  • Carl Reiner, American film director, producer, actor, and comedian
  • March 21 – Russ Meyer, American film director, producer d. 2004
  • Alex Xydias, American racing driver
  • Ghazali Shafie, Malaysian politician d. 2010
  • March 22
  • Marty Allen, American actor, comedian d. 2018
  • March 23
  • Robert Simons, English cricketer, cricket administrator d. 2011
  • Josephine Kabick, American professional baseball player AAGPBL d. 1978
  • Stefan Wul, French writer d. 2003
  • March 26 – William Milliken, American politician d. 2019
  • March 27
  • March 28
  • Felice Chiusano, Italian singer Quartetto Cetra d. 1990
  • B. Neminathan, Sri Lankan politician
  • Joey Maxim, American boxer d. 2001
  • Prince Heinrich of Bavaria d. 1958
  • Art Shay, American photographer, writer d. 2018
  • Richard Kiley, American actor, singer d. 1999
  • March 31
  • March 29 – March Fong Eu, American politician d. 2017
                                     

2.4. Births April

  • Saad el-Shazly, Egyptian military commander d. 2011
  • April 1
  • William Manchester, American writer d. 2004
  • Maurice Riel, Canadian senator d. 2007
  • Doris Day, American actress and singer d. 2019
  • April 3
  • April 4
  • Elmer Bernstein, American composer d. 2004
  • Irwin Belk, American businessman, politician d. 2018
  • Tom Finney, English footballer d. 2014
  • Gale Storm, American singer, actress d. 2009
  • April 5
  • Margia Dean, American actress
  • April 6 – Nancy Mackay, Canadian athlete
  • April 7
  • Mongo Santamaria, Cuban jazz musician d. 2003
  • Kingsley Amis, English novelist d. 1995
  • April 13 – Julius Nyerere, 1st President of Tanzania d. 1999
  • April 9 – Johnny Thomson, American racecar driver d. 1960
  • April 16
  • April 15 – Michael Ansara, Syrian-born American actor d. 2013
  • April 14 – Ali Akbar Khan, Indian musician d. 2009
  • April 8 – Carmen McRae, American jazz singer d. 1994
  • Leo Tindemans, 43rd Prime Minister of Belgium d. 2014
  • Barbara Hale, American actress d. 2017
  • April 18
  • Paulo Nogueira Neto, Brazilian environmentalist d. 2019
  • Erich Hartmann, German World War II fighter pilot, highest-scoring ace in world history d. 1993
  • Rose Marie McCoy, African-American songwriter d. 2015
  • April 19
  • Luigi Barbarito, Italian prelate d. 2017
  • Antun Bogetic, Croatian Catholic prelate d. 2017
  • April 23 – Marjorie Cameron, American writer, painter, actress and occultist d. 1995
  • April 21 – Alistair MacLean, Scottish writer d. 1987
  • April 22 – Charles Mingus, African-American musician d. 1979
  • April 24
  • Susanna Agnelli, Italian politician d. 2009
  • Margaret Scott, South African ballerina, choreographer d. 2019
  • Keith McKenzie, Australian rules footballer, coach d. 2018
  • April 26
  • April 27
  • Martin Gray, Polish writer d. 2016
  • Jack Klugman, American actor d. 2012
  • April 29 – Toots Thielemans, Belgian jazz musician d. 2016
  • April 28 – William Broomfield, American politician d. 2019
                                     

2.5. Births May

  • May 1
  • Alastair Gillespie, Canadian scholar, politician d. 2018
  • Vitaly Popkov, Russian fighter ace d. 2010
  • Vladimir Etush, Russian actor d. 2019
  • Anna Elizabeth Botha, first wife of South African State President P. W. Botha d. 1997
  • May 4 – Eugenie Clark, American marine biologist d. 2015
  • May 6
  • May 2 – Roscoe Lee Browne, African-American actor d. 2007
  • Joe ODonnell, American documentary photographer, photojournalist d. 2007
  • May 7
  • Darren McGavin, American actor d. 2006
  • May 11 – Ameurfina Melencio-Herrera, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
  • May 10 – Nancy Walker, American actress, singer and director d. 1992
  • Paul Milstein, American real estate developer d. 2010
  • May 12
  • Wilburn K. Ross, American WWII veteran d. 2017
  • May 8 – Yusof Rawa, Malaysian politician d. 2000
  • Murray Gershenz, American character actor, entrepreneur d. 2013
  • Bea Arthur, American actress, comedian d. 2009
  • Billy Gabor, American basketball player d. 2019
  • May 13
  • Otl Aicher, German graphic artist d. 1991
  • Michael Ainsworth, British cricketer d. 1978
  • Jakucho Setouchi, Japanese writer, Buddhist nun
  • Selma Engel-Wijnberg, Dutch Holocaust survivor d. 2018
  • May 14 – Franjo Tudman, first President of Croatia d. 1999
  • May 15
  • Kai Winding, Danish-born musician d. 1983
  • Gerda Boyesen, Norwegian-born body psychotherapist d. 2005
  • May 18
  • Bill Macy, American actor Maude d. 2019
  • May 19
  • Joe Gilmore, Irish barman Savoy Hotels American Bar d. 2015
  • Arthur Gorrie, Australian hobby shop proprietor d. 1992
  • Otto Carius, German tank commander d. 2015
  • May 21 – James Lopez Watson, American judge d. 2001
  • May 27
  • May 22 – Quinn Martin, American television producer d. 1987
  • Sir Christopher Lee, English actor, singer d. 2015
  • May 25 – Enrico Berlinguer, Italian politician d. 1984
  • Pompeyo Marquez, Venezuelan politician d. 2017
  • May 28
  • Lou Duva, American boxing trainer d. 2017
  • Tuomas Gerdt, Finnish soldier, last living Knight of the Mannerheim Cross
  • May 29
  • Iannis Xenakis, Greek composer d. 2001
  • Eleanor Coerr, American writer d. 2010
  • Reginald Rodrigues, Indian field hockey player d. 1995
  • May 31 – Denholm Elliott, English actor d. 1992
  • May 30 – Hal Clement, American writer d. 2003
                                     

2.6. Births June

  • Joan Copeland, American actress
  • Bibi Ferreira, Brazilian actress d. 2019
  • Povel Ramel, Swedish musician d. 2007
  • June 1
  • June 3 – Alain Resnais, French film director d. 2014
  • June 5 – Sheila Sim, English actress d. 2016
  • June 9 – George Axelrod, American scriptwriter d. 2003
  • Judy Garland, American singer, actress d. 1969
  • June 10
  • Robert Alan Aurthur, American screenwriter d. 1978
  • June 2 – Charlie Sifford, American golfer d. 2015
  • June 13 – Edward Shames, American army officer
  • June 11 – Tibor Baranski, Hungarian-American educator d. 2019
  • June 12 – Margherita Hack, Italian astrophysicist d. 2013
  • Donald Keene, American-born Japanese scholar, historian, teacher, writer and translator d. 2019
  • June 16 – Wayne Mixson, American politician
  • June 14 – Kevin Roche, Irish-American architect d. 2019
  • June 18
  • Claude Helffer, French pianist d. 2004
  • June 19
  • Aage Bohr, Danish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2009
  • Marilyn P. Johnson, American educator, diplomat
  • Mona Lisa, Filipino actress d. 2019
  • June 21 – Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkinabe historian, politician and writer d. 2006
  • William L. Stearman, American government official, aviator and author
  • Armando Tre Re, Italian football player d. 2003
  • Osvaldo Fattori, Italian football soccer player d. 2017
  • June 22
  • Wu Yingyin, Chinese singer d. 2009
  • Morris R. Jeppson, American lieutenant, physicist d. 2010
  • June 23
  • James Cumes, Australian author, economist, public servant and diplomat
  • Francis Thorne, American composer d. 2017
  • Abou Rejaile Bechara, Lebanese wrestler
  • Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer, lyricist d. 1988
  • Jack Carter, American comedian d. 2015
  • June 24
  • June 25
  • Sita bint Fahd Al Damir, Saudi princess d. 2012
  • Alex Garbowski, American professional baseball player d. 2008
  • Eleanor Parker, American actress d. 2013
  • June 26
  • Enzo Apicella, London-based artist, cartoonist, designer, and restaurateur d. 2018
  • June 27
  • George Walker, African-American composer d. 2018
  • Milton Clark, Australian rules footballer d. 2018
  • June 28
  • Hans Frauenfelder, Swiss-born American physicist, biophysicist
  • John Nicholson Black, English educator d. 2018
  • John William Vessey Jr., American military officer d. 2016
  • June 29
  • Vasko Popa, Yugoslavian poet d. 1991
  • June 30 – Al Besselink, American professional golfer
                                     

2.7. Births July

  • July 1
  • Warren Winkelstein, American epidemiologist d. 2012
  • Derek Riley, Canadian rower d. 2018
  • Mordechai Bibi, Israeli politician
  • Paula Valenska, Czech actress
  • Pierre Cardin, French fashion designer
  • July 2
  • Howard Wesley Johnson, U.S. educator d. 2009
  • Theo Brokmann Jr., Dutch football player d. 2003
  • Howie Schultz, American baseball, basketball player d. 2009
  • Guillaume Cornelis van Beverloo Corneille, Dutch painter d. 2010
  • July 3
  • Viggo Rivad, Danish photographer d. 2016
  • July 4
  • Charles Csuri, American artist
  • Noble Frankland, British historian d. 2019
  • R. James Harvey, American politician, jurist d. 2019
  • Doris Margaret Anderson, Canadian nutritionist, former senator
  • Helio Bicudo, Brazilian jurist, politician d. 2018
  • July 5
  • Zeynep Korkmaz, Turkish scholar, dialectologist
  • William Schallert, American actor d. 2016
  • Toni Seven, American cover girl, actress d. 1991
  • July 6
  • P. Gopinathan Nair, Indian social worker
  • Reidar Torp, Norwegian military officer d. 2017
  • Francis Jeanson, French philosopher d. 2009
  • July 7
  • James D. Hughes, American Air Force lieutenant general
  • Jim Pollard, American basketball player and coach d. 1993
  • July 8 – Eugenio Martinez alias Musculito, Cuban-born American real estate agent, former anti-Castro activist and Watergate burglar
  • Angelines Fernandez, Spanish-born Mexican actress d. 1994
  • July 9
  • Jack Arthurs, American politician
  • Jake LaMotta, American boxer d. 2017
  • Herb McKenley, Jamaican Olympic athlete d. 2007
  • Fred Furniss, English footballer d. 2017
  • Petar Nikolov, Bulgarian cross country skier
  • July 10
  • Petar Kovachev, Bulgarian cross country skier
  • John J. Maurer, American politician, airline pilot d. 2019
  • July 11
  • Jerald terHorst, American journalist, former White House press secretary d. 2010
  • Helmy Afify Abd El-Bar, Egyptian military commander d. 2011
  • July 13
  • Leslie Brooks, American actress, dancer d. 2011
  • Anker Jorgensen, Danish politician d. 2016
  • Fran Hopper, American comic book artist d. 2017
  • Ken Mosdell, Canadian ice hockey player d. 2006
  • Fred Fiedler, American psychologist d. 2017
  • July 12 – Mark Hatfield, American politician, educator d. 2011
  • Louis R. Harlan, American academic historian d. 2010
  • Gerald Myrden, American businessman d. 2016
  • Bill Millin, English personal piper d. 2010
  • July 14
  • Elfriede Rinkel, German SS officer d. 2018
  • Kabi Laretei, Estonian and Swedish concert pianist d. 2014
  • Bernie Agrons, American politician d. 2015
  • Robin Olds, American fighter pilot d. 2007
  • Julio Cozzi, Argentine football goalkeeper d. 2011
  • B. Rajam Iyer, Carnatic singer from South India d. 2009
  • July 15
  • Ghulam Nabi Firaq, Kashmiri poet, writer and educationist d. 2016
  • Leon M. Lederman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2018
  • Samuel Conti, American politician d. 2018
  • July 16
  • Anatoli Levitin, Soviet, Russian painter, art educator d. 2018
  • July 17
  • Jane Cronin Scanlon, American mathematician d. 2018
  • Tetsurō Tamba, Japanese actor d. 2006
  • July 18
  • Harry Kermode, Canadian basketball player d. 2009
  • Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science d. 1996
  • Hedy Stenuf, Austrian figure skater d. 2010
  • Ray Lambert, Welsh footballer d. 2009
  • George McGovern, American politician, historian and author d. 2012
  • Tuanku Jaafar ibni Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman, King of Malaysia d. 2008
  • July 19
  • Stig Sundqvist, Swedish professional footballer d. 2011
  • Rachel Robinson, American nurse, and professor
  • Ruth Bidgood, Welsh poet, local historian
  • July 20
  • Wolfgang Klausewitz, German zoologist, ichthyologist, marine biologist and biohistorian d. 2018
  • Alan Stephenson Boyd, American attorney, 1st United States Secretary of Transportation
  • Demeter Bitenc, Slovenian film actor d. 2018
  • Mollie Sugden, British actress d. 2009
  • Kay Starr, American jazz and pop singer d. 2016
  • July 21
  • July 25 – John B. Goodenough, German-American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate
  • Jason Robards, American actor d. 2000
  • July 22 – Julia Farron, English ballerina d. 2019
  • July 26
  • Hoyt Wilhelm, American Major League Baseball pitcher d. 2002
  • Blake Edwards, American director d. 2010
  • Gilberto Agustoni, Swiss prelate d. 2017
  • Anna Berger, American actress d. 2014
  • Bill Kaysing, American writer d. 2005
  • July 29 – Mac Wilson, Australian rules footballer d. 1996
  • Hank Bauer, American right fielder, manager d. 2007
  • July 31
  • Mario Boye, Argentine footballer d. 1992
  • July 27 – Norman Lear, American television writer, producer
                                     

2.8. Births August

  • Paul Laxalt, American politician d. 2018
  • Betsy Bloomingdale, American socialite and philanthropist d. 2016
  • August 2
  • August 1 – Paul Fitzgerald, Australian painter d. 2017
  • Tupua Leupena, Tuvaluan politician d. 1996
  • Su Bai, Chinese archaeologist d. 2018
  • Robert Sumner, American evangelist, author d. 2016
  • August 3
  • Janez Stanovnik, Slovenian economist, politician d. 2020
  • August 4
  • Charles Winick, American anthropologist, sociologist and author d. 2015
  • August 5 – Sandy Kenyon, American actor d. 2010
  • August 8
  • Alberto Granado, Cuban writer, scientist d. 2011
  • August 6 – James Wong, Malaysian politician d. 2011
  • Rory Calhoun, American television, film actor d. 1999
  • Wu Nansheng, Chinese politician d. 2018
  • August 12
  • August 11 – Sara Luzita, Spanish actress and dancer
  • Milos Jakes, Czech politician
  • August 9 – Philip Larkin, English poet d. 1985
  • August 15 – Lukas Foss, German-born composer d. 2009
  • Khaled Mohieddin, Egyptian military officer, politician d. 2018
  • Frederick B. Dent, American businessman and politician d. 2019
  • August 17
  • August 14 – Leslie Marr, English racing driver
  • August 23
  • August 22 – Micheline Presle, French actress
  • Tonia Carrero, Brazilian actress d. 2018
  • August 21 – Mel Fisher, American treasure hunter, founder of the Mel Fisher Maritime Heritage Museum d. 1998
  • Inge Deutschkron, German-Israeli journalist and author
  • George Kell, American baseball player d. 2009
  • August 24
  • Howard Zinn, American social activist, historian d. 2010
  • Rene Levesque, 23rd Premier of Quebec d. 1987
  • August 31 – Andre Baudry, French magazine editor d. 2018
  • August 27 – Sōsuke Uno, Prime Minister of Japan d. 1998
  • August 25 – Ivry Gitlis, Israeli violinist
                                     

2.9. Births September

  • September 1
  • Vittorio Gassman, Italian actor, director d. 2000
  • Yvonne De Carlo, Canadian-born American actress, dancer d. 2007
  • September 2 – Arthur Ashkin, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate
  • Steffan Danielsen, Faroese painter d. 1976
  • September 3
  • Salli Terri, Canadian mezzo-soprano d. 1996
  • September 7
  • Paulo Autran, Brazilian actor d. 2007
  • Necdet Calp, Turkish civil servant, politician d. 1998
  • David Croft, British writer, producer and actor d. 2011
  • September 8 – Sid Caesar, American actor, comedian d. 2014
  • Hans Georg Dehmelt, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2017
  • Bernard Bailyn, American historian and author
  • Manolis Glezos, Greek Resistance fighter
  • September 9
  • Warwick Kerr, Brazilian geneticist d. 2018
  • September 13 – Tony Sumpter, American football player d. 2017
  • Mary Soames, Baroness Soames of England d. 2014
  • September 15
  • September 11 – Charles Evers, American politician and civil rights activist
  • Phyllis Koehn, American female professional baseball player d. 2007
  • Gaetano Cozzi, Italian historian d. 2001
  • Jackie Cooper, American actor, director d. 2011
  • September 12 – Jackson Mac Low, American poet d. 2004
  • September 16
  • Guy Hamilton, French-English director, screenwriter d. 2016
  • Janis Paige, American actress
  • September 17
  • Vance Bourjaily, American writer, novelist, playwright, journalist, and essayist d. 2010
  • Agostinho Neto, 1st President of Angola d. 1979
  • Thomas Finlay, Irish judge, politician and barrister d. 2017
  • Emil Zatopek, Czechoslovakian athlete d. 2000
  • September 19
  • Dana Zatopkova, Czech Olympic javelin thrower
  • September 18 – John S. Foster Jr., American physicist
  • Meche Barba, American-Mexican film actress and dancer d. 2000
  • Bert I. Gordon, American film director
  • September 24
  • September 22 – Rosa Nell Speer, American southern gospel singer d. 2017
  • Floyd Levin, American-born musicologist d. 2007
  • Asit Sen, Bengali Indian film director d. 2001
  • September 21 – Lee Hee-ho, First Lady of South Korea d. 2019
  • September 23 – Louise Latham, American actress d. 2018
  • Roger Etchegaray, French cardinal d. 2019
  • Hammer DeRoburt, first President of Nauru d. 1992
  • September 25
  • Karl-Heinz Kopcke, German television presenter, news speaker d. 1991
  • Noemi Ban, Hungarian-American lecturer, public speaker and Holocaust survivor d. 2019
  • September 29
  • September 28 – Jules Sedney, Prime Minister of Suriname
  • Lizabeth Scott, American actress d. 2015
                                     

2.10. Births October

  • Burke Marshall, American lawyer, politician d. 2003
  • Chen-Ning Yang, Chinese-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • October 1
  • Jack Anderson, American journalist d. 2005
  • October 6 – George R. Price, American population geneticist d. 1975
  • October 9 – Fyvush Finkel, American comedian d. 2016
  • October 14 – Yumeji Tsukioka, Japanese actress d. 2017
  • October 4 – Gianna Beretta Molla, Italian Roman Catholic pediatrician, saint d. 1962
  • October 19
  • October 8 – Shin Kyuk-ho, South Korean businessman
  • October 5 – Jose Froilan Gonzalez, Argentine race car driver d. 2013
  • October 10 – Edna Child, English diver
  • Ibrahim Ismail, Malaysian soldier d. 2010
  • October 7 – Martha Stewart, American actress
  • October 13 – Nathaniel Clifton, American basketball and baseball player d. 1990
  • October 11 – Wolfgang Zuckermann, German-American harpsichord maker and sustainability activist d. 2018
  • October 15 – Luigi Giussani, Italian Catholic priest d. 2005
  • Jean Barker, Baroness Trumpington, English politician d. 2018
  • October 22 – John Chafee, American politician d. 1999
  • October 20 – John Anderson, American actor d. 1992
  • October 21 – Liliane Bettencourt, French businesswoman, philanthropist d. 2017
  • October 23
  • Coleen Gray, American actress d. 2015
  • October 26 – Madelyn Dunham, American maternal grandmother of Barack Obama, 44th President of the United States d. 2008
  • October 27
  • Ralph Kiner, American Baseball Hall of Famer d. 2014
  • Del Rice, American professional baseball player, coach and manager d. 1983
  • Poul Bundgaard, Danish actor, singer d. 1998
  • Ruby Dee, American actress, poet, activist, journalist and second wife of Ossie Davis d. 2014
  • Michel Galabru, French actor d. 2016
  • Butch van Breda Kolff, American basketball coach d. 2007
  • October 28
  • Gershon Kingsley, German-American composer d. 2019
  • Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress, childrens book author d. 2005
  • Norodom Sihanouk, King of Cambodia d. 2012
  • October 31
  • Andras Hegedus, 45th Prime Minister of Hungary d. 1999
                                     

2.11. Births November

  • November 5
  • November 3 – Townsend Cromwell, American oceanographer d. 1958
  • Sydney Kentridge, South African lawyer
  • Yitzchok Scheiner, American-born rabbi
  • November 1 – Ezio Barbieri, Italian criminal d. 2018
  • November 4 – Eddie Basinski, American baseball player
  • November 2 – Stan Perron, Australian businessman d. 2018
  • Raymond Devos, French humorist d. 2006
  • November 6 – Vivian Kellogg, American professional baseball player d. 2013
  • Dorothy Dandridge, African-American actress d. 1965
  • November 8 – Chris Barnard, South African cardiac surgeon, heart transplant pioneer d. 2001
  • November 9
  • Abdullahi Issa, Somalian politician, 1st Prime Minister of Somalia d. 1988
  • Kurt Vonnegut, American novelist d. 2007
  • November 11
  • Ichiro Abe, Japanese judoka
  • November 12
  • Kim Hunter, American actress d. 2002
  • November 13 – Oskar Werner, Austrian actor d. 1984
  • November 14
  • Veronica Lake, American actress d. 1973
  • Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian Secretary-General of the United Nations d. 2016
  • Sidney Mintz, American anthropologist d. 2015
  • November 16
  • Royal Dano, American actor d. 1994
  • Hoàng Minh Chinh, Vietnamese politician, dissident d. 2008
  • Patricia Barry, American actress d. 2016
  • November 15 – David Sidney Feingold, American biochemist d. 2019
  • Jose Saramago, Portuguese author, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2010
  • November 22 – Francesco Rosi, Italian film director d. 2015
  • Võ Van Kiet, Vietnamese politician, statesman d. 2008
  • November 18 – Luis Somoza Debayle, 26th President of Nicaragua d. 1967
  • November 19 – Yuri Knorozov, Russian linguist, epigrapher d. 1999
  • November 17 – Stanley Cohen, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine d. 2020
  • Donald Tennant, American advertising agency executive d. 2001
  • November 23
  • November 24
  • Stanford R. Ovshinsky, American inventor and scientist d. 2012
  • Song Sin-do, Korean former comfort woman d. 2017
  • November 25 – Shelagh Fraser, British actress d. 2000
  • Jacqueline White, American actress
  • November 27
  • November 26 – Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist d. 2000
  • Nicholas Magallanes, Mexican-American principal dancer, charter member of the New York City Ballet d. 1977
  • November 29 – Michael Howard, English historian, author and academic d. 2019
                                     

2.12. Births December

  • Charles Gerard, French actor d. 2019
  • December 1
  • William James Lanyon Smith, New Zealand naval officer d. 2018
  • Leo Gordon, American actor d. 2000
  • Charles Diggs, American politician d. 1998
  • December 2
  • December 4
  • Densey Clyne, Australian naturalist, photographer and writer d. 2019
  • Gerard Philipe, French actor d. 1959
  • Don Robertson, American songwriter and pianist d. 2015
  • William Davidson, American sports owner d. 2009
  • December 5
  • Sol Yaged, American jazz clarinetist d. 2019
  • December 6 – Benjamin A. Gilman, American politician d. 2016
  • December 8
  • Jean Porter, American actress d. 2018
  • Gerhard Lowenthal, German journalist d. 2002
  • Lucian Freud, German born painter d. 2011
  • December 10 – Lucia Hiriart, former First Lady of Chile
  • December 11
  • Noah Hutchings, American president of Southwest Radio Ministries d. 2015
  • December 9 – Redd Foxx, African-American comedian, actor d. 1991
  • Maila Nurmi, Finnish-American actress, television personality d. 2008
  • Dilip Kumar, Indian actor
  • Frank Blaichman, Polish author d. 2018
  • December 12
  • Christian Dotremont, Belgian painter, writer d. 1979
  • Edythe Perlick, American female baseball player d. 2003
  • Antonio Larreta, Uruguayan theatre actor, critic and writer d. 2015
  • December 14
  • Nikolay Basov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2001
  • Carlos Altamirano, Chilean lawyer and socialist politician d. 2019
  • December 18
  • Jack Brooks, American politician d. 2012
  • December 17 – Alan Voorhees, American engineer and urban planner d. 2005
  • Ivor Broadis, English footballer d. 2019
  • December 20
  • Charita Bauer, American actress, soap opera star d. 1985
  • Tony Vaccaro, American photographer
  • Beverly Pepper, American sculptor and painter d. 2020
  • Paul Winchell, American actor d. 2005
  • December 21
  • Itubwa Amram, Nauruan pastor, politician d. 1989
  • Willem Drees Jr., Dutch politician d. 1998
  • Jonas Mekas, Lithuanian-American filmmaker and poet d. 2019
  • December 22 – Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Hohenberg, Princess of Luxembourg d. 2011
  • December 24
  • December 23 – Micheline Ostermeyer, French athlete and musician d. 2001
  • Ava Gardner, American actress d. 1990
  • Neal Watlington, American Major League Baseball player
  • Steve Wochy, Canadian ice hockey player
  • December 25
  • Harry Choates, American fiddler d. 1951
  • Chuck Cecil, American radio broadcaster d. 2019
  • December 26
  • Miller Anderson, American diver d. 1965
  • December 27
  • Derek Piggott, English aviator and flight instructor d. 2019
  • Stan Lee, American comics creator d. 2018
  • Ivan Desny, Swiss actor d. 2002
  • December 28
  • Ramapada Chowdhury, Indian novelist and writer d. 2018
  • Lionel Bowen, Australian politician d. 2012
  • Magin Diaz, Colombian musician, composer d. 2017
  • Jane Langton, American author, illustrator d. 2018
  • December 30
  • December 29 – William Gaddis, American writer d. 1998
  • Boes Boestami, Indonesian actor d. 1970
                                     

3.1. Deaths January

  • Ōkuma Shigenobu, 2-time Prime Minister of Japan b. 1838
  • Frank Tudor, Australian politician b. 1866
  • January 1 – Istvan Kuhar, Prekmurje Slovene writer, politician b. 1887
  • January 10
  • January 5 – Ernest Shackleton, Irish explorer b. 1874
  • James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce, Irish-born politician, diplomat and historian b. 1838
  • January 15 – John Kirk, British explorer b. 1832
  • Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician, pacifist and Nobel Peace Prize recipient b. 1837
  • William Christie, British astronomer b. 1845
  • Pope Benedict XV b. 1854
  • January 22
  • January 23 – Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor b. 1855
  • Giovanni Verga, Italian writer b. 1840
  • Nellie Bly, American undercover journalist b. 1864
  • January 27
  • January 31 – Heinrich Reinhardt, Austrian composer b. 1865


                                     

3.2. Deaths February

  • February 1
  • William Desmond Taylor, Irish-born film director b. 1872
  • Yamagata Aritomo, Japanese field marshal, 3rd Prime Minister of Japan b. 1838
  • Christiaan de Wet, Boer general, rebel leader, and politician b. 1854
  • John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist b. 1839
  • February 3
  • February 8 – Kabayama Sukenori, Japanese samurai, general and statesman b. 1837
  • February 4 – Henry Jones, British philosopher b. 1852
  • February 23 – John Joseph Jolly Kyle, Argentine chemist b. 1838.
  • February 25 – Henri Desire Landru, French serial killer executed b. 1869
  • February 14 – Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish Minister of Interior b. 1880
                                     

3.3. Deaths March

  • March 31 Andreas gruber b. 1859, Cazila gruber b. 1850, Viktoria gabriel b. 1887, Cazila gabriel b. 1915, Josef gruber b. 1920 and Maria Baumgartner b. 1878. The Hinterkaifeck murders
  • March 4 – Bert Williams, American entertainer b. 1874
  • March 1 – Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, Spanish footballer b. 1892
  • March 19 – Max von Hausen, German general b. 1846
  • March 24 – Walter Parr, British preacher b. 1871
  • March 10 – Harry Kellar, American magician b. 1849
  • March 21 –C. V. Raman Pillai, Indian novelist and playwright b. 1858
                                     

3.4. Deaths April

  • April 2 – Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist b. 1884
  • April 9
  • April 1 – Emperor Charles I of Austria b. 1887
  • April 8 – Erich von Falkenhayn, German general b. 1861
  • Hans Fruhstorfer, German lepidopterist b. 1866
  • Patrick Manson, Scottish physician b. 1844
  • April 28 – Paul Deschanel, President of France b. 1855
  • April 14 – Cap Anson, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer b. 1852
                                     

3.5. Deaths May

  • May 16 – Rudolf Montecuccoli, Austro-Hungarian admiral b. 1843
  • May 18 – Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine b. 1845
  • May 19 – Son Byong-hi, Korean activist b. 1861
  • May 7 – Max Wagenknecht, German composer b. 1857
  • May 12 – John Martin Poyer, United States Navy Commander, 12th Governor of American Samoa b. 1861
  • May 21 – Michael Mayr, Austrian politician, 2nd Chancellor of Austria b. 1864
  • May 15 – Leslie Ward, English portrait artist, caricaturist b. 1851
  • May 26 – Ernest Solvay, Belgian chemist, philanthropist and entrepreneur b. 1838
  • May 3 – Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Communist politician b. 1888
                                     

3.6. Deaths June

  • June 4 – William Halse Rivers Rivers, English doctor b. 1864
  • Lillian Russell, American singer, actress b. 1861
  • Richard A. Ballinger, American politician b. 1858
  • June 6
  • Belgrave Ninnis, British explorer b. 1837
  • Jacobus Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer b. 1851
  • June 18
  • June 22
  • June 20 – Vittorio Monti, Italian composer b. 1868
  • Sir Henry Wilson, 1st Baronet, British field marshal and politician b. 1864
  • Take Ionescu, 29th Prime Minister of Romania b. 1858
  • June 24 – Walter Rathenau, German statesman, Weimar Republic foreign minister assassinated b. 1867
  • June 27 – Prince Higashifushimi Yorihito of Japan b. 1867
  • June 28 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet, playwright b. 1885
  • June 26 – Prince Albert I of Monaco b. 1848
                                     

3.7. Deaths July

  • July 25 – Paul Maistre, French general b. 1858
  • July 4 – Lothar von Richthofen, German World War I flying ace flying accident b. 1894
  • July 20 – Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician b. 1856
  • July 7 – Ioannis Svoronos, Greek numismatist b. 1863
  • July 8 – Muhammad V an-Nasir, Bey of Tunis b. 1855
  • July 22 – Jōkichi Takamine, Japanese chemist b. 1854
  • July 28 – Edouard Harle, French engineer and prehistorian b. 1850
  • July 6 – Mary Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-born missionary sister b. 1863
                                     

3.8. Deaths August

  • Harry Boland, Irish republican b. 1887
  • August 2
  • Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-born inventor b. 1847
  • Nikolai Nebogatov, Russian admiral b. 1849
  • Enver Pasha, Ottoman military leader, Turkish revolutionary b. 1881
  • August 3 – Ture Malmgren, Swedish journalist, politician b. 1851
  • August 4
  • August 13 – Saint Benjamin of Petrograd b. 1873
  • August 14
  • Barbara Galpin, American journalist b. 1855
  • August 12 – Arthur Griffith, Irish republican, President of Dail Eireann b. 1872
  • August 5 – Tommy McCarthy, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer b. 1863
  • Alfred Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe, British newspaper magnate b. 1865
  • August 22
  • Michael Collins, Irish republican, revolutionary, and Chairman of the Provisional Government assassinated b. 1890
  • Sir Thomas Brock, British sculptor b. 1847
  • August 19 – Felip Pedrell, Spanish composer b. 1841
  • August 29 – Georges Sorel, French philosopher, theorist of revolutionary syndicalism b. 1847
                                     

3.9. Deaths September

  • Saint Chrysostomos of Smyrna b. 1867
  • September 7 – William Stewart Halsted, American surgeon b. 1852
  • September 10
  • September 5 – Sarah Winchester, American builder of the Winchester Mystery House b. 1837
  • September 4 – James Young, Scottish footballer motorcycle accident b. 1882
  • September 1 – Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany d. 1861
  • Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, British poet b. 1840
  • Sir Charles Wade, Australian politician, Premier of New South Wales b. 1863
  • September 25 – Carlo Caneva, Italian general b. 1845
  • September 26
  • Thomas E. Watson, American politician, senator b. 1856
                                     

3.10. Deaths October

  • October 30 – Geza Gardonyi, Hungarian author b. 1863
  • October 7 – Marie Lloyd, British singer b. 1870
  • October 11 – Prince August Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha b. 1867
  • October 22 – Lyman Abbott, American theologian b. 1835
  • October 25 – Oscar Hertwig, German zoologist b. 1849
                                     

3.11. Deaths November

  • November 24
  • November 14 – Godfrey Chevalier, American naval aviation pioneer b. 1889
  • November 1 – Lima Barreto, Brazilian writer b. 1881
  • November 18 – Marcel Proust, French author b. 1871
  • November 23 – Eduard Seler, Prussian scholar, Mesoamericanist b. 1849
  • November 15 – Dimitrios Gounaris, 94th Prime Minister of Greece b. 1867
  • November 7 – Sam Thompson, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer b. 1860
  • Erskine Childers, Irish novelist, nationalist executed b. 1870
  • Sidney Sonnino, 19th Prime Minister of Italy b. 1847
  • November 30 – Rene Creste, French actor, director b. 1881
  • November 27 – Demetrio Castillo Duany, Cuban revolutionary, soldier, and politician b. 1856
                                     

3.12. Deaths December

  • December 16 – Gabriel Narutowicz, Polish professor and politician, 1st President of Poland assassinated b. 1865
  • December 14 – Henry Pierrepoint, British executioner b. 1878
  • December 17 – David Lindsay, Australian explorer b. 1856
  • December 13 – Hannes Hafstein, 1st Prime Minister of Iceland b. 1861
  • December 12 – John Wanamaker, American businessman b. 1838
                                     

4. Nobel Prizes

  • Physics – Niels Henrik David Bohr
  • Physiology or Medicine – Archibald Vivian Hill, Otto Fritz Meyerhof
  • Peace – Fridtjof Nansen
  • Chemistry – Francis William Aston
  • Literature – Jacinto Benavente