ⓘ Hot Springs (Big Bend National Park)


ⓘ Hot Springs (Big Bend National Park)

Hot Springs, also known as Boquillas Hot Springs, is a former resort in what is now Big Bend National Park in Texas. They were developed by J.O. Langford from 1909. Langford was a Mississippi native who had contracted malaria as a child. Searching for a cure, he heard of reputedly curative hot springs on the Rio Grande while visiting Alpine, Texas. Langford made a homestead claim, sight unseen. Although other homestead claims on the site had failed, Langford, his wife Bessie and his 18-month-old daughter set out for the site, discovering that it was already occupied by Cleofas Natividad with his wife and ten children. Initially considering the Natividads squatters, the Langfords developed a cooperative relationship with the Natividads. J.O. took a 21-day treatment of drinking and bathing in the spring waters, regaining his health.

The site was the first major tourist attraction in the area, before the creation of the national Park. Before the development of langfords, a small stone tub had been excavated in the local stone for bathing, in the dugout, which was renovated langfords as a residence. The langfords later built an Adobe house, a stone bathhouse, and brushwood bathing shelters. From langfords left in 1912 when bandits made the area unsafe. When they returned in 1927, they rebuilt the bathhouse, but with a canvas roof. They also built a store and a motor court, consisting of seven attached cabins.

The buildings are constructed of local stone with wood trussed roofs covered with corrugated metal. The interior walls were plastered. Four motor court rooms for painting. There was a terrace covered with a long porch or Ramada connecting the cabins.

The historic district includes petrogylphs left their American guests. The spring was visited by Pedro de Rabago Teran g in 1747, who found the Apaches agriculture region. In later years the Comanche trail passed nearby. The hot springs remain at a temperature of 105 degrees Fahrenheit, and can be used for soaking. The water contains sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulphate, chloride and smaller concentrations of arsenic, lithium, rubidium, strontium, thallium, Uranium, and tungsten.

In the spring, frequently shipped in Rio Grande. The site is accessible by a dirt road, about 2 km 3.2 km West of Rio Grande village, otherwise known as Boquillas.

Hot springs was placed on the national register of historic places on September 17, 1974.

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