ⓘ 1912 United States Senate election in West Virginia
In the United States Senate elections of 1912 and 1913, Democrats gained control of the Senate from the Republicans. Of the 22 seats up for election, 17 were won by Democrats, thereby gaining 4 seats from the Republicans. Two seats were unfilled by state legislators who failed to elect a new senator on time.
These elections coincided with Democrat Woodrow Wilson winning the presidential election amid a split in the Republican party. In the Senate, Joseph M. Dixon and miles Poindexter defected from the Republican party and joined Theodore Roosevelts new progressive party. Dixon, however, lost its place in these elections.
Some States elected their senators directly even before the adoption of the 17th amendment in 1913. Oregon first direct election and experimented with different measures over several years until it succeeded in 1907. Soon after, Nebraska followed suit and laid the groundwork for other States to adopt measures reflecting the people. By 1912, as many as 29 States elected senators either as a candidate from his party primary or in conjunction with the General elections.
It was the first time in 20 years that the Democrats won the majority in the Senate.
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- The United States Senate elections of 1908 and 1909, some states elected their senators directly even before passage of the 17th Amendment in 1913 Oregon