ⓘ Voiceless retroflex affricate

                                     

ⓘ Voiceless retroflex affricate

The voiceless retroflex sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ʈ͡ʂ ⟩, sometimes simplified to ⟨ tʂ ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is ⟨ts`⟩.

In affricate found in several languages:

  • A number of Northwest Caucasian languages have retroflex affricates that contrast in secondary articulations like labialization.
  • Slavic languages: Polish, Belarusian, Old Czech, Serbo-Croatian, some speakers of Russian may use it instead of the voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate.
  • Asturian: Speakers of the western dialects of this language use it instead of the voiced palatal fricative, writing ll instead of ll.
  • Mandarin and other Sinitic languages.